25 terms

Grade 6 A-ELA Poetry Terms Review

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alliteration
The repetition of the same or similar sounds at the beginning of words
hyperbole
A figure of speech in which deliberate exaggeration is used for emphasis.
imagery
to represent objects, actions and ideas in such a way that it appeals to our physical senses.
irony
The opposite of what is actually meant
metaphor
A comparison of two unlike things without using like or as
onomatopoeia
A figure of speech in which words are used to imitate sounds.
personification
A figure of speech in which things or abstract ideas are given human attributes: dead leaves dance in the wind, blind justice.
repetition
the repeating of words or phrases for effect
rhyme
the same sound coming at the end of at words
simile
A comparison of two unlike things using the words like or as.
syllable
a unit of sound
symbol
an object or action that stands for something beyond itself
theme
the lesson or message implied or stated
tone
The attitude of a writer toward a subject or an audience. Tone is generally conveyed through the choice of words or the viewpoint of a writer on a particular subject.
diction
A writer's or speaker's choice of words
denotation
The dictionary definition of a word
connotation
All the meanings, associations, or emotions that a word suggests
formal diction
Consists of a dignified, impersonal, and elevated use of language
neutral diction
Uses standard language and vocabulary without elaborate words and may include contractions
informal diction
Represents the plain language of everyday use, and often includes slang, contractions, and many simple, common words
Blank Verse
Poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter
Free Verse
Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme
Sonnet
14 line poem written in iambic pentameter with a specific rhyme scheme.
Iambic pentameter
A line of verse with five metrical feet, each consisting of 2 syllables
Allusion
A reference to another work of literature, person, or event
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