Unit Five: Political Participation (chs. 12,13,14,15 & 16)
Terms in this set (52)
a ballot completed and typically mailed in advance of an election by a voter who is unable to be present at the polls.
the potential voting population
the right to vote
The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.
The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof
The 1961 constitutional amendment permitting residents of Washington, D.C., to vote in presidential elections.
A 1964 constitutional amendment that banned poll taxes in federal elections.
The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of age.
the citizens' faith and trust in government and their belief that they can understand and influence political affairs
mandated by the Voting Rights Act of 1965, the prior approval by the Justice Department of changes to or new election laws by certain States
System designed to reduce voter fraud by limiting voting to those who have established eligibility to vote by submitting the proper documents.
the percentage of eligible voters who cast a ballot in an election
Voting Rights Act of 1965
a law designed to help end formal and informal barriers to African-American suffrage
a primary election in which each voter may vote for candidates from both parties
closed meeting of a political or legislative group to choose candidates for office
a primary election in which voting is limited to already registered party members
a primary election in which voters may choose in which party to vote as they enter the polling place
the body of electors who formally elect the United States president and vice-president
the recent tendency of states to hold primaries early in the calendar in order to capitalize on media attention.
an election held to choose which candidate will hold office
an election held to choose candidates for office
an officeholder who is seeking reelection.
an advantage gained by a politician already in office, as compared to challengers.
the congressional elections that take place midway through a president's four-year term.
voting for candidates of different parties for different offices at the same election
voting exclusively for the candidates of one party
one party controls the White House and another party controls one or both houses of Congress
Grand Old Party
the Republican Party
the shift towards greater democracy for the common man and away from the artistocracy
Minor party (third party)
a party other than the Democratic of Republican Party
a political party's formal statement of basic principles, stands on major issues and objectives
a political party formed by supporters of Andrew Jackson after the presidential election of 1824
a political party united against the spread of slavery in the West
a political party that campaigns on only one issue.
electoral district from which one person is chosen by the voters for each elected office
a US state where the two major political parties have similar levels of support among voters
political money where the donors of the money do not have to be disclosed
an interest group made up of mayors, governors, and other state and local officials who depend on federal funds
a close relationship between an agency, a congressional committee and an interest group
engaging in activities aimed at influencing public officials, especially legislators, and the policies they enact.
representatives of interest groups who contact lawmakers or other government officials directly to influence their policy making
Political Action Committee (PAC)
the fundraising arm of an interest group
the cycle in which a person alternately works for the public sector and private sector
a type of independent political action committee which may raise unlimited sums of money from corporations, unions, and individuals but is not permitted to contribute to or coordinate directly with parties or candidates.
Associated Press (AP)
an organization founded for the telegraphic dissemination of news in 1848
Cable-Satellite Public Affairs Network, shows activity in congress at all times
Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
an independent federal agency that regulates interstate and international communication by radio, television, telephone, telegraph, cable, and satellite.
Freedom of Information Act
1966 Act allowing citizens to inspect all government records with the exception of classified military or intelligence documents, trade secrets or private personnel files.
news coverage that focuses on who is ahead rather than on the issues
a brief, memorable comment that can easily be fit into news broadcasts
a press not restricted or controlled by government censorship regarding politics or ideology
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