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Chapter 29: Decolonization
Terms in this set (71)
State-Building: Historical Figures: General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq
a four-star rank general who served as the 6th President of Pakistan from 1978 until his death in 1988, after declaring martial law in 1977.
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
1928-1979, a Pakistan Politician and statesman who reestablished civilian rule; founder of the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) and serve as its chairman until his execution
Bhutto's daughter who served as Prime Minister until 1996; assassinated in 2007
He took over the government of Uganda and overthrew his ally. And started his own reign of terror, and in 8 months there was over 300,000 executed. He started war with Tanzania and was crushed by them, he later than fled to Libya.
(1925-1998) Leader of Cambodia from 1975 to 1979. Pol Pot is responsible for the deaths of almost 2 million of his own people due to starvation, execution, and beatings.
1974 became the 39th President. He secured energy programs, set the framework for Egypt-Israel treaty, and sought to base foreign policy on human rights.
Prime Minister of Israel who signed a peace treaty with Egypt withdrawing from Sinai Peninsula and Gaza Strip and returning them to Egypt.
3rd President of Egypt, he signed the Camp David Accords, making Egypt the first Arab nation to recognize Israel and won the Nobel Peace Prize, was assassinated.
Palestinian statesman who is chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization.
Gamal Abdel Nasser
Arab leader, set out to modernize Egypt and end western domination, nationalized the Suez canal, led two wars against the Zionist state, remained a symbol of independence and pride, returned to socialism, nationalized banks and businesses, limited economic policies
Egyptian statesman who became president in 1981 after Sadat was assassinated
Shah Reza Khan
Modernized the civilian and military bureaucracies in Iran
Shah Muhammad Reza Pahlavi
The ruler of Iran from 1945 to 1979, embraced western governments and philosophies until he was overthrown by Ayatollah Khomeini.
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini
Shi'ite philosopher and cleric who led the overthrow of the shah of Iran in 1979 and created an Islamic republic.
11th President of Turkey
founder of Ghana's independence movement and Ghana's first priesident
Charles De Gaulle
French general and statesman who became very popular during World War II as the leader of the Free French forces in exile (1890-1970)
Leader of the United Nations from 1997-2007. From Ghana- winner of the Nobel Peace Prize
A nationalist leader who fought to end oppressive laws against Africans; later became the first Prime Minister of Kenya
Was the president of Kenya. He sought to suppress all opponents. After air force tried a military coup, he had them disbanded. (Bad)
State-Building: States, movements, & organizations: Muslim League
a political party established during the early years of the 20th century in the British Indian Empire
was one of the two exclaves created at the formation of the modern State of Pakistan following the 1947 Partition of India.
present-day Bangladesh, was a provincial state of Pakistan that existed in the Bengal region of the northeast of South Asia from 1955 until 1971
a Muslim republic in southern Asia bordered by India to the north and west and east and the Bay of Bengal to the south
A region of northern India and Pakistan over which several destructive wars have been fought
A group of Communist rebels who seized power in Cambodia in 1975.
Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO)
Organization created for the purpose of creating an Arab state in Palestine
a militant Islamic fundamentalist political movement that opposes peace with Israel and uses terrorism as a weapon
a Palestinian political and military organization founded by Yasser Arafat in 1958 to work toward the creation of a Palestinian state
An international organization of independent Arab states formed in 1945 to promote cultural and economic and military and political and social cooperation.
a monarchy until an Islamic revolution in 1979 headed by the Ayatollah Khomeini
Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK)
Political party based in Syria, Iraq, and Iran fighting a guerrilla war against the Turkish government in an effort to establish an independent country
Region of the Atlantic coast of West Africa occupied by modern Ghana; named for its gold exports to Europe from the 1470s onward.
Organization of African Unity (OAU)
This organization organized the unity of the country. Also helping trade relations with other countries. This was to create unity in neighborhood throughout the country. They interuppted into many violent fights to maintain as one.
The organization that replaced the Organization of African Unity in 2001; designed to bring about increased political and economic integration of African states.
FLN(National Liberation front)
Led the Algerian movement for independence. Used effective guerrilla techniques against half a million French forces sent to Algeria.
Jomo Kenyatta was a nationalist leader here.
A violent movement against European settlers that eventually led to Kenya's decolonization from Britain
Kenyan African National Union (KANU)
Kenya's only political party.
Won its independence in 1960's from
the action or state of dividing or being divided into parts.
British document that promised land in Palestine as homeland for Jews in exchange for Jews help in WWI
July 26, 1956, Nasser (leader of Egypt) nationalized the Suez Canal, Oct. 29, British, French and Israeli forces attacked Egypt. UN forced British to withdraw; made it clear Britain was no longer a world power
Camp David Accords
A peace treaty between Israel and Egypt where Egypt agreed to recognize the nation state of Israel
a political system in which one party controls the government and actively seeks to prevent other parties from contesting for power
Algerian War for Independence
Longest and bloodiest of the colonial wars starting in 1954. A French colony since 1830 known as pied noirs insisted that Algeria should remain French while the FLN waged a fight for Algeria's independence. A right wing French army officers seized political control in Algeria in 1958 and threatened to move against the French government.
Government established in France in October 1958, made after a new French constitution gave more power to the president. Charles De Gaulle was the first president of the Fifth French Republic. De Gaulle soon started a long retreat from Algeria
Algerian Civil War
This war lasted for 8 years, and cost 1 million lives. It was a war for its independence while the islamic rebels were trying to take control
Biafran Civil War
1967-1970; a movement by the Igbo to fight for their independence from the new country of Nigeria; created more violence and ethnic-based conflict
Culture: Passive Resistance
nonviolent opposition to authority, especially a refusal to cooperate with legal requirements.
a nationalist movement among the Jews to establish a home land in Palestine
Austrian journalist and founder of the Zionist movement urging the creation of a Jewish national homeland in Palestine.
A movement that calls for unification among the peoples and countries of the Arab World, from the Atlantic Ocean to the Arabian Sea. It is closely connected to Arab nationalism, which asserts that the Arabs constitute a single nation.
A movement that stressed unity among all Africans
A culture in West Africa that greatly celebrates the birth of a son.
Local mosque officials and prayer leaders within the Safavid Empire; agents of Safavid religious campaign to convert all of population to Shi'ism.
A government controlled by religious leaders
A minority group in Turkey and neighboring countries
A version of market-oriented development theory that argues that low-income societies develop economically only if they give up their traditional ways and adopt modern economic institutions, technologies, and cultural values that emphasize savings and productive investment.
a model of economic and social development that explains global inequality in terms of the historical exploitation of poor nations by rich ones
the parent state of a colony.
Niger River Delta
delta that is formed along the the niger river in the country of Mali
Took ownership of
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
An international organization of 183 countries, established in 1947 with the goal of promoting cooperation and exchange between nations, and to aid the growth of international trade.
A state in which interest groups become an institutionalized part of the structure.
Mexico's powerful state-owned oil monopoly.
A trade agreement between Canada, the United States and Mexico that encourages free trade between these North American countries.
the term given to zones in Northern Mexico with factories supplying manufactured goods to the U.S. market. The low-wage workers in the primarily foreign-owned factories assemble imported components and/or raw materials and then export finished goods.
powerful business groups that make huge profits selling illegal drugs while violently eliminating competing groups and interfering with government investigations.
institutional revolutionary party (PRI)
(PRI) the political party introduced in 1929 in Mexico that helped to introduce democracy and maintain political stability for much of the 20th century.
Actions or processes that involve the entire world and result in making something worldwide in scope.
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