How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

27 terms

PN 117 Intro to Nursing Chap 4

These flashcards are germaine to my Intro to Nursing class using the Foundations and Adult Health Nursing book.
STUDY
PLAY
apical pluse
Represents the actual beating of the heart.
Use the apical pulse when taking the pulse of an infant.
auscultate
Listen for sounds within the body to evaluate the condition of the heart, lungs, pleura, intestines, or other organs or to detect fetal heart tones
blood pressure
Pressure exerted by the circulating volume of blood on the arterial walls, the viens, and the chambers of the heart.
bradycardia
unusually low heart beat under 60 bpm, slow heart rate, usually below 60 beats per minute
bradypnea
slow respiratory rate, usually below 10 respirations per minute
Cheyne-Stokes respirations
Abnormal pattern of respirations characterized by alternating periods of apnea and deep, rapid breathing. The periods of apnea increase as time goes on. Noted in critically or terminally ill patient.
diastolic
The lower number; Measurement of blood pressure taken when the heart is at rest; measurement of the constant pressure in arteries.
dyspnea
Difficulty breathing
dysrhythmia
Any disturbnce or abnormality in a normal heart rhythmic pattern, specificly, irrgularity in the normal rhythm of the heart
febrile
Elevated body temperature (relating to a fever)
hypertension
a common disorder in which blood pressure remains abnormally high (a reading of 140/90 mm Hg or greater)
hyperthermia
abnormally high body temperature
hypotension
lower than normal blood pressure
Korotkoff sounds
FIVE PHASES OF SOUNDS HEARD WHEN TAKING A BLOOD PRESSURE
orthostatic hypotension
a drop of 25 mm Hg in systolic pressure and a drop of 10 mm Hg in diastolic pressure when moving from a lying to sitting position
pulse
the rate at which the heart beats
pulse deficit
The difference between the rate of an apical pulse and the rate fo a radial pulse
pulse pressure
difference between systolic and diastolic blood pressure measurements
respiration
the bodily process of inhalation and exhalation
Normal rate is 12 - 20 per minute
sphygmomanometer
an instrument for measuring arterial blood pressure
stethoscope
instrument used to listen to the sounds of the heart, lungs, and other internal organs
systolic
the higher number; measurement of blood pressure taken when the heart is contracting and forcing blood into the arteries
tachycardia
abnormally rapid heartbeat (over 100 beats per minute)
tachypnea
an abnormally rapid rate of respiration, usually >20 breaths per minute
temperature
a relative measure of sensible heat or cold
tympanic
membranous "eardrum"
vital signs
temperature, pulse, respirations, and blood pressure