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Progressive Era

period from 1898 to 1917 when reformers won many changes to improve American life


practice of giving out government jobs as favors to loyal party workers (spoil system)

Civil Service

all government jobs except for elected positions or those in the armed forces

Sherman Anti-trust Act

act prohibiting trustsor other businesses from limitng competition


person who reported on currupt polititions and other problems of the cities

Hull House

settlement house set up by Jane Adams in Chicago in 1889


person who wanted to end all trusts


protection of natural resources


a person who campaigned for women's rights to vote


( National associations of the advancedment of colored people) organization formed in 1909 to work to gain equal rights for African Americans

Federal Trade Comission

allows investigations of companies so businesses stop using unfair tactics and stop killing competition

18th amendment

Prohibition; banned alcoholic beverages in the United Staes of America

19th amendment

gave women the right to vote

Civil Service Commission

government agency created by the Pendleton Act of 1883 that filled federal jobs based on merit

Pendleton Act

Passed in 1883, an Act that created a federal civil service so that hiring and promotion would be based on merit rather than patronage.

Pure Food and Drug Act

a 1906 law that requires food and drug makers to list the ingredients in their products on the package

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