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set of issues to be discussed or given attention

Agenda Setting

Very Competitive, constant process of gov't decides it is worth consideration of gov't intervention

Governmental (institutional) Agenda

changing list of issues to which the government belive they should apply themselves

Entitlement Program

Recipients have to meet certain income standards to be eligible for program benefits

Means-tested Program

intended to assist those whose incomes fall below a certain level

Non Means-based Program

benefits provided regardless of income or means of recipients
*Social Security


expansion of medicare that subsidizes medical care for the poor

Policy Adoption

the approval of a policy proposed by the people with the requisite authority, like legislative

Policy Evaluation

process of determining whether a course of action is achieving its intendd goals; evaluated by...
- Congressional oversight comm. + investigations
- Presidential and administrative agencies
- University and private research studies
- Gov't Accountability Office

Policy Formulation

Crafting of appropriate and acceptable proposed courses of action to ameliorate or resolve public problems
- routine
- analagous
- creative

Policy Implementation

process of carrying out public policy through governmental agencies and the courts
- Product Liability and Dating
- Agency Enforcement
- Administrative Implementation

Public Policy

Government actions to address/solve some sort of problem in society

Social Security Act

1935 - established old-age insurance and assistance for the needy, children, and others, as well as unemployment insurance
Paid for with taxes starting in 1937

Social Welfare Policy

Gov't programs designed to improve the quality of life of citizens, like a safety net for social problems


Provision of social security that pays for part of the prescription and medical costs of social security recipients

Systematic Agenda

discussion agenda; 'all issues viewed as requiring gov't attention'

Process of Policy Making

1. Problem recognition
2. Agenda Setting
3. Policy Formulation
4. Policy Adoption
5. Budgeting
6. Policy implementation
7. Policy Evaluation

Food Stamp Program

New Deal, 1939, to expand domestic farm products
Made Permanent in 1964, then nationwide in 1974

Government Accountability Office

nonpartisan congressional agency that audits federal programs (Formerly the General Accounting Office). GAO is acceptable on second reference

Administrative Implementation


National Marine Service

1798 - first American installation of public health service

Horace Manne

Argued for public education in 1830s, and in 1860s property taxes became foundation of public schooling programs

Unemployment Insurance

All states have their own social Security system, only biz with 4 or more emp. pay into it, and then only about 1/2 of unemployed utilize the benefits

Family and Child Support

Aid to Families with Dependent Children - 1950
Family and Child Support Act - 1988, Reagan
Personal Responsibility + Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act - 1996 created TANF
Earned Income Tax Credit Program
Food Stamp Program

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