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24 terms

Chapter 17 - Public + Social Welfare Policy

STUDY
PLAY
Agenda
set of issues to be discussed or given attention
Agenda Setting
Very Competitive, constant process of gov't decides it is worth consideration of gov't intervention
Governmental (institutional) Agenda
changing list of issues to which the government belive they should apply themselves
Entitlement Program
Recipients have to meet certain income standards to be eligible for program benefits
Means-tested Program
intended to assist those whose incomes fall below a certain level
*Medicaid
Non Means-based Program
benefits provided regardless of income or means of recipients
*Social Security
Medicaid
expansion of medicare that subsidizes medical care for the poor
Policy Adoption
the approval of a policy proposed by the people with the requisite authority, like legislative
Policy Evaluation
process of determining whether a course of action is achieving its intendd goals; evaluated by...
- Congressional oversight comm. + investigations
- Presidential and administrative agencies
- University and private research studies
- Gov't Accountability Office
Policy Formulation
Crafting of appropriate and acceptable proposed courses of action to ameliorate or resolve public problems
- routine
- analagous
- creative
Policy Implementation
process of carrying out public policy through governmental agencies and the courts
- Product Liability and Dating
- Agency Enforcement
- Administrative Implementation
Public Policy
Government actions to address/solve some sort of problem in society
Social Security Act
1935 - established old-age insurance and assistance for the needy, children, and others, as well as unemployment insurance
Paid for with taxes starting in 1937
Social Welfare Policy
Gov't programs designed to improve the quality of life of citizens, like a safety net for social problems
Medicare
Provision of social security that pays for part of the prescription and medical costs of social security recipients
Systematic Agenda
discussion agenda; 'all issues viewed as requiring gov't attention'
Process of Policy Making
1. Problem recognition
2. Agenda Setting
3. Policy Formulation
4. Policy Adoption
5. Budgeting
6. Policy implementation
7. Policy Evaluation
Food Stamp Program
New Deal, 1939, to expand domestic farm products
Made Permanent in 1964, then nationwide in 1974
Government Accountability Office
nonpartisan congressional agency that audits federal programs (Formerly the General Accounting Office). GAO is acceptable on second reference
Administrative Implementation
Authoritative
Incentive
Capacity
Horatory
National Marine Service
1798 - first American installation of public health service
Horace Manne
Argued for public education in 1830s, and in 1860s property taxes became foundation of public schooling programs
Unemployment Insurance
All states have their own social Security system, only biz with 4 or more emp. pay into it, and then only about 1/2 of unemployed utilize the benefits
Family and Child Support
Aid to Families with Dependent Children - 1950
Family and Child Support Act - 1988, Reagan
Personal Responsibility + Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act - 1996 created TANF
Earned Income Tax Credit Program
Food Stamp Program