Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Theories Test Practice II
Terms in this set (80)
PSYCHOANALYTIC THERAPY/BASIC PHILOSOPHIES
Human beings are basically determined by psychic energy and by early experiences. Unconscious motives and conflicts are cen-tral in present behavior. Irrational forces are strong; the person is driven by sexual and aggressive impulses. Early development is of critical importance because later personality problems have their roots in repressed childhood conflicts.
PSYCHOANALYTIC THERAPY KEY CONCEPTS
Normal personality development is based on succesful resolution and integration of pychosexual stages of development. Faulty personality developoment is the result of inadequate resolution of some specific stage. Id, ego, and superego constitute the basis of personality structure. Anxiety is a result of repression of basic conflicts. Ego defenses are developed to control anxiety. Unconscious processes are centrally related to current behavior.
THERAPEAUTIC GOALS OF PSYCHOANALYTIC THERAPY
1. To make the unconscious.
2. To reconstruct the basic personality
3. To assist clients in releving earlier experiences and working through repressed conflicts
4. To achieve intellectual awareness
It positive view of human nature is stress humans are motivated by social interests, by striving toward goals, and by dealing with the task of life. People are in control of their fate, not victims of it. Each person at an early age creates a unique style of life, which tends to remain relatively constant throughout life
Adlerian Therapy/Key Concepts
Based on a growth model, this approach emphasizes the individual's positive capacities to live in society cooperatively. It also stresses the unity of personality, the need to view people from their subjective perspective, and the importance of life goals that give direction to behavior. People are motivated by social interest and by finding goals to strive for. Therapy is a matter of providing encouragement and assisting clients in changing their cognitive perspective.
Adlerian Goals of Therapy
to challenge clients basic premise and goals. To offer encouragement so they can develop socially useful goals. To change faulty motivation and to help them feel equal to others.
The central focus is on the nature of human conditions, which includes capacity for self-awareness, freedom of choice inside one spate, responsibility, anxiety is a basic element, search for a unique meaning in meaningless world, being alone and being in relation with others, and fitness and death.
Existential Therapy Key Concepts
Essentially an approach to counseling and therapy rather than a firm theoretical model, it stresses core human conditions. Normally, personality development is based on the uniqueness of each individual. Some of self develops from infancy. Self-determination and a tendency toward growth are central ideas. Focus is on the present and on what one is becoming. that is the approach has a future orientation. It stresses self-awareness before action. It is an experiential therapy.
Existential Goals of Therapy
To help people see that they are free and become aware of their possibilities. To challenge them to recognize that they are responsible for events that they formerly though were happening to them. To identify factors that block freedom.
The view of humans is positive; humans have an inclination toward becoming fully functioning. In the context of the therapeutic relationship, the client experiences feelings that were previously denied to awareness. The client actualize his potential and moves toward increased awareness, spontaneity, and trust itself an inner directedness
Person-Centered Key Concepts
the client has the potential to become aware of problems and the means to resolve them. Faith is places in the client's capacity for self-direction. Mental health is a congruence of ideal self and real self. Maladjustment is the result of a discreprancy between what one wants to be and what one is. Focus is on the present moment and on experiencing and expressing feelings.
Person-Centered Therapy Goals
to provide safe climate conducive to clients self exploration, so they can recognize blocks to growth experience aspects of self that were formerly denied or distorted. To enable them to move toward open greater trust and sell, willingness to be a process, and increase spontaneity and aliveness.
Base on the assumption that people are ultimately self determining and in charge of their life, the approach is both anti-drama in this stick and cause a. The model describes how people attempt to control the world around them. It teaches them ways to more effectively satisfy their needs.
Reality Therapy Key Concepts
The basic focus in on what the clients are doing and how to get them to evaluate whether their present ways are working for them. People create their feelings by the choices they make and by what they do. The approach rejects many notions of conventional therapy (such as focusing on the client's past, feelings, or insight, transference; the unconscious, and dreams
Reality Therapy Goals
To help peole become more effective in meeting their needs. To challenge them to evaluate what they are doing and to assess how well this behavior is working for them
Behavior is the product of learning. We are both the product and the producer of the environment. No set of unifying assumptions about behavior can incorporate all the existing procedures in the behavioral field.
Behavior Therapy Key Concepts
Focus is on overt behavior precision in specifying goals of treatment, development of specific treatment plans, and objective evaluation of therapy outcomes. Therapy is based on the principles of learning therapy. Normal behavior is learned through reinforcement and imitation. Abnormal behavior is the reslut of the faulty learning. This approach stresses present behavior
Behavior Therapy Goals
Generally, to eliminate maladaptive behaviors and learn more effective behaviors. To focus on factors influencing behavior and find what can be done about problematic behavior. Clients have an active role in setting treatment goals and evaluating how well these goals are being met.
Individuals tend to incorporate faulty thinking, which leads to emotional and behavioral disturbances. Cognitions are the major determinants of how we act in feel. Therapy is primarily oriented toward cognition and behavior, and it stresses the role of thinking, deciding, questioning, doing, and redirecting. This is a psycho educational model, which emphasizes there be as a learning process, including wiring and practicing new skills, learning new ways of thinking, and acquiring more effective ways of coping with problems
Cognitive-behavior key concepts
Although psychological problems may be noted in childhood, they are perpetuated through reindoctrination in the now. A person's belief system is the primary cause of disorders. Internal dialogue plays a central role in one's behavior. Clients focus on examining faulty assumptions and misconceptions.
Cognitive-behavior therapy goals
to chaleenge clients to confront faulty beliefs with contradictory evidence that they gather and evaluate. Helping clients seek out their dogmatic beliefs and vigorously minimize them. To become aware of automatic thoughts and to change them.
Family systems theory
The family is viewed from an interactive and systemic perspective. Clients are connected to a living system; a change in one part of the system will result in a change in other parts. The family provides the context for understanding how individuals function in relationship to others and how they behave. Treatment is best focused on the family unit. An individual's dysfunctional behavior grows out of the interactional unit of the family and out of larger systems as well.
Family systems therapy key concepts
Focus is on communication patterns within a family, both verbal and nonverbal. Problems in relationships are likely to be passed on from generation to generation. Symptoms are viewed as ways of communicating with the aim of controlling other famiy members. Key concepts vary depending on specific orientation but include differentiation, triangles, power coalitions, family of origin dynamics, functional versus dysfunctional interaction patterns, family runs governing communications, and dealing with here and now interactions. The present is more important than exploring past experiences.
Family systems goals of therapy
Most approaches are aimed at helping family members gain awareness of patterns of relationships that are not working well and create new ways of interacting to relieve their distress. some approaches focus on resolving the specific problem that brings the family to therapy
Psychoanalytic Therapeutic Relationship
The analyst remains anonymous, and clients develop projections toward him or her. Focus is on reducing the resistances that develop in working with transference and on establishing more rational control. Clients undergo long-term analysis, engage in free association to uncover conflicts, and gain insight by talking. The analyst makes interpretations to teach them the meaning of current behavior as related to the past.
Psychoanalytic Techniques of Therapy
The key techniques are interpretation, dream analysis, free association, analysis of resistance, and analysis of transference. all are designed to help clients gain access to their unconscious, which leads to insight and eventual assimilation of new material by the ego. Diagnosis and testing are often used. Questions are used to develop a case history.
Psychoanalytic Application of the Approaches
Candidates for analytic therapy include professionals who want to become therapists, people who have had intensive therapy and want to go further, and those who are in pain. Analytic therapy is not recommended for self centered and impulsive clients or for severly impaired psychotics. Techniques can be applied to individual and group therapy.
Psychoanalytic Therapy Contributions of the Approaches
More than any other system, this approach has generated controversy as well as exploration and has stimulated further thinking and development of therapy. It has provided a detailed and comprehensive description of personality structure and functioning. It has brought into prominence factors such as the unconscious as a determinant of behavior and the role of trauma during the first six years of life It has developed several techniques for tapping the unconscious. It has shed light on the dynamics of transference and countertransference, resistance, anxiety, and the mechanisms of ego defense.
Adlerian Therapeutic Relationship
The emphasis is on joint responsibility, on mutually determining goals, on mutual trust and respect, and on equality. a cooperative relationship is manifested by a therapeutic contract. Focus is on examining lifestyle, which is expressed by client's every action.
Adlerian Techniques of Therapy
Adlerians draw from any techniques, a few of which are paraphrasing, providing encouragement, confrontation, interpretation, gathering life-history data (family constellation, early recollections), the therapeutic contracts, home work assignments, paradoxical intention and suggestions
Adlerian Therapy Applications of the Approaches
Can be applied to all spheres of life, such as parent/child counseling, marital and family therapy, individual counseling, group counseling, substance abuse programs, and dealing with problems of the aged. Being a growth model, it is ideally suited to preventive care and alleviating a broad range of conditions that interfere with growth.
Adlerian Therapy Contributions of the Approaches
One of the first approaches to therapy that was humanistic, unified and goal-oriented and that put an emphasis on social and psychological factors. One of the major contributions is the influence that Adlerian ideas have had on other systems and their integration into various contemporary therapies.
Existential Therapeutic Relationship
The therapist's main tasks are to accurately grasp clients' being in the word and to establish a personal and authentic encounter with them. The relationship is seen as critically important. Clients discover their own uniqueness in the relationship with the therapist. The human to human client/therapist relationship and the authenticity of the here and now encounter are stressed. Both the client and the therapist can be changed by the encounter.
Existential Techniques of Therapy
Few techniques flow from this approach, because it stresses understanding first and technique second. The therapist can borrow techniques from other approaches and incorporate them into existential framework. Diagnosis, testing, and external measurements are not deemed important. The approach can be very confrontive.
Existential Applications of the Approaches
Can be especially suited to people facing a development crisis or a transition in life. Useful for clients with existential concerns (making choices, dealing with freedom and responsibility, coping with guilt and anxiety, making sense of life, and finding values). Appropriate for those seeking personal enhancement. Can be applied to both individual and group counseling, marital and family therapy, crisis intervention, and community mental health work
Existential Therapy Contributions of the Approaches
Its major contribution is a recognition of the need for a subjective approach based on a complete view of the human condition. It alls attention to the need for a philosophical statement on what it means to be a person. Stress on the I/thou relationship lessens the chance of dehumanizing therapy. It provides a perspective for understanding anxiety, guilt, freedom, death, isolation, and committment.
Person-Centered Therapeutic Relationship
The relationship is of primary importance. The qualities of the therapist, including genuineness, warmth, accurate, empathy, respect, and permissiveness, and the communication of these attitudes to clients are stressed. They use this real relationship with the therapist to help them transfer their learning to other relationships
Person-Centered Techniques of Therapy
This approach uses few techniques but stresses the attitudes of the therapist. Basic techniques include active listening and hearing, reflection of feelings, clarification, and being there, for the client. This model does not include diagnostic testing, interpretation, taking a case history, and questioning or probing for information
Person-Centered Applications of the Approaches
Has wide applicability to individual and group counseling. It is especially well suited for the intitial phases of crisis-intervention work. Its principles have been applied to marital and family therapy, community programs, administration and management, and human relations training. It is a useful approach for teaching, parent/child relations, and working with groups composed of people from diverese cultural backgrounds.
Person-Centered Therapy Contributions of the Approaches
Unique contribution is having the client take an active stance and assume responsibility for the direction of therapy. The approach has been subjected to empirical testing, and as a result both theory and methods have been modified. It is open system. People without advanced training can benefit by translating the therapeutic conditions to both their personal and professional lives. Basic concepts are straightforward and easy to grasp and apply. It is foundation for building a trusting relationship, applicable to all therapies.
Reality Therapeutic Relationship
Therapists show their concern for clients by a process of involvement throughout the course of therapy. They find out what clients want; ask what they are choosing to do; invite them to evaluate present behavior; help them make plans for change; and get them to make a commitment.
Reality Techniques of Therapy
An active, directive, and didactic therapy. Various techniques may be used to get clients evaluate what they are presently doing to see if they are willing to change. If they decide that their present behavior is not effective, they develop a specific plan for change and make a commitment to follow through.
Reality Applications of the Approaches
Geared to teaching people ways to control their life effectively. It has been applied to individual counseling with a wide range of clients, group counseling, working with youthful law offenders, and marital and family therapy. In some instances it is well suited to brief therapy and crisis intervention.
Reality Therapy Contributions of the Approaches
Consists of simple and clear that are easily grasped in may helping profession; thus it can be used by teachers, nurses, ministers, educators, social workers, and counselors. It is a positive approach, with an action orientation. Due to the direct methods, it appeals to many clients who are often seen as resistant to therapy. It is a short-term approach that can be applied to diverse population. Has been a significant force in challenging the medical model of therapy.
Behavior Therapeutic Relationship
The therapist is active and directive and functions as a teacher or trainer in helping clients learn more effective behavior. Clients must be active in the process and experiment with new behaviors. Although a personal relationship between them and the therapist is not highlighted, a good working relationship is the groundwork for implementing behavioral procedures.
Behavior Techniques of Therapy
The main techniques are systematic desensitization, relaxation methods, reinforcement techniques, modeling, cognitive restructuring, assertion and social-skills training, self management programs, behavioral rehearsal, coaching, and various multimodal-therapy. Diagnosis or assessment is done at the outset to determine a treatment plan. Questions are used, such as what how, and when (but not why) Contracts and homework assignments are also typically used.
Behavior Application of the Approaches Therapy
A pragmatic approach based on empirical validation of results. Enjoy wide applicability to individual, group, marital, and family counseling. Some problems to which the approach is well suited are phobic disorders, depression, sexual disorders, children's behavioral disorders, stuttering and prevention of cardiovascular disease. Beyond clinical practice, its principles are applied in fields such as pediatrics, stress management, behavioral medicine, education, and geriatrics.
Behavior Therapy Contributions of the Approaches
Emphasis is on assessment and evaluation techniques, thus providing a basis for accountable practice. Specific problems are identified, and client are kept informed about progress toward their goals. The approach has demonstrated effectiveness in many areas of human functioning. The roles of the therapist as reinforcer, model, teacher and consultant are explicit. The approach has undergone extension expansion, and research literature abounds. No longer is it a mechanistic approach, for it now makes room for cognitive factors and encourages self-directed programs for behavior change.
Cognitive-Behavior Therapeutic Relationship
In REBT the therapist functions as a teacher, and the client as a student. The therapist is highly directive and teaches clients an ABC model of changing their cognitions. In CT the focus is on a collaborative relationship. Using a Socratic dialogue, the therapist assists clients in identifying dysfunctional beliefs, and discovering alternative rules for living. The therapist promotes corrective experiences that lead to learning new skills. Clients gain insight into their problems and then must actively practice in changing self-defeating thinking and acting.
Cognitive-Behavior Techniques of Therapy
Therapists use a variety of cognitive, emotive, and behavioral techniques, diverse methods are tailored to suit individual clients. An active, directive, time-limited present-centered, structured therapy. Some techniques include engaging in Socratic dialogue, debating irrational beliefs, carrying out homework assignments., gathering data on assumptions one has made, keeping a record of activities, forming alternative interpretations, learning new coping skills, changing one's language and thinking patterns, role playing, imagery, and confronting faulty beliefs.
Cognitive-Behavior Applications of the Approaches Therapy
Has been widely applied to treatment of depression, anxiety marital problems, stress management, skill training, substance abuse, assertion training, eating disorders, panic attacks, performance anxiety, and social phobia. The approach is especially useful for assisting people in modifying their cognitions. Many self-help approaches utilize its principles. Can be applied to a wide range of client populations with a variety of specific problems.
Cognitive behavior Contributions of the Approaches Therapy
Major contributions include emphasis on a comprehension and electric therapeutic practice; numerous cognitive, emotive, and behavioral techniques; an openness to incorporating techniques from other approaches; and a methodology for challenging and changing faulty thinking. Most forms can be integrated into other mainstream therapies. REBT makes full use of action-oriented homework, listening to tapes, and keeping records of progress. CT is a structured therapy that has a good track record for treating depression and anxiety in a short time.
Family Systems Therapeutic Relationship
the family therapist functions as a teacher, coach, model, and consultant. The family learns ways to detect and solve problems that are keeping members stuck, and it learns about patterns that have transmitted from generation to generation. Some approaches focus on the role of therapist as expert; others concentrate on intensifying what is going on in the here and now of the family session. All family therapists are concerned with the process of family interaction and teaching patterns of communication.
Family Systems Techniques of Therapy
There is a diversity of techniques, depending on the particular theorectical orientation. Interventions may target behavior change, perceptual change, or both techniques include using genograms, teaching, asking questions, family sculpting, joining the family, tracking sequences, issuing directives, anchoring, use of countertransference, family mapping, reframing, paradoxical interventions, restructing, enactments, and setting boundaries. Techniques may be experiential, cognitive, or behavioral in nature. Most are designed to being about change in a short time.
Family Systems Applications of the Approaches Therapy
Applications vary depending on the particular approach to family therapy. Useful for dealing with marital distress, problems of communicating among family members, power struggles, crisis situations in the family, helping individuals attain their potential, and enhancing the overall functioning of the family.
Family Systems Contributions of the Approaches
In all of the systemic approaches, neither the individual nor the family is blamed for a particular dysfunction. The family is empowered through the process of identifying and exploring interactional patterns. Working with an entire unit provides a new perspective on understanding and working through both individual problems and relationship concerns. By exploring one's family of origin, there are increased opportunities to resolve other relationship conflicts.
Psychoanalytic Therapy Limitations of the Approaches
Requires lengthy training for therapists and much time and expense for clients. The model stresses biological and instinctual factors to the neglect of social, cultural, and interpersonal ones. Its methods are not applicable to clients in lower socioeconomic classes and are not appropriate for many ethnic and cultural groups. Many clients lack the degree of ego strength needed for regressive and reconstructive therapy. It is inappropriate for the typical counseling setting.
Psychoanalytic Therapy Contributions to Multicultural Counseling
Its focus on family dynamics is appropriate for working with many minority groups. The therapist's formality appeals to clients who expect professional distance. Notion of ego distance is helpful in understanding inner dynamics and dealing with environmental stresses.
Psychoanalytic Therapy Limitations in Multicultural Counseling
Its focus on insight, intrapsychic dynamics, and long-term treatment is often not valued by clients who prefer to learn coping skills for dealing with pressing daily concerns. Internal focus is often in conflict with cultural values that stress an interpersonal and environmental focus.
Adlerian Therapy Limitations of the Approaches
Weak in terms of precision, testability and empirical validity. Few attempts have been made to validate the basic concepts by scientific methods. Tends to oversimplify some complex human problems and is based heavily on common sense.
Adlerian Therapy Contributions to Multicultural Counseling
Its focus on social interest, doing good for society, importance of family, goal orientation, and striving for belongingness is congruent with Eastern cultures. Focus on person in environment allows for cultural factors be explored.
Adlerian Therapy Limitations in Multicultural Counseling
This approach's detailed interview about one's family background can conflict with cultures that have injunctions against disclosing family matters. Counselor needs to make certain that the client's goals are respected.
Existential Therapy Limitations of the Approaches
Many basic concepts are fuzzy and ill-defines, making its general framework abstract at times. Lacks a systematic statement of principles and practices of therapy. Has limited applicability to lower-functioning and nonverbal clients and to clients in extreme crisis who need direction
Existential Therapy Contributions to Multicultural Counseling
Focus is on understanding client's phenomenological world, including cultural background. This approach leads to empowerment in an oppressive society. It can help clients examine their options for change, within the context of their cultural realities.
Existential Therapy Limitations in Multicultural Counseling
Values of individuality, freedom, autonomy, and self-realization often conflict with cultural values of collectivism, respect for tradition, deference to authority, and interdependence. Some may be deterred by the absence of specific techniques. Others will expect more focus in surviving in their world.
Person-Centered Therapy Limitations of the Approaches
Possible danger from the therapist who remains passive and inactive, limiting responses to reflection. Many clients feel a need for greater direction, more structure, and more techniques. Clients in crisis may need more directive measures. Applied to individual counseling, some cultural groups will expect more counselor activity. The theory needs to be reassessed in light of current knowledge and though if rigidity is to be avoided.
Person-Centered therapy Contributions to Multicultural Counseling
Focus is on breaking cultural barriers, and facilitating open dialogue among diverse cultural populations. Main strengths are respect for client's values, active listening, welcoming of differences. nonjudgmental attitude, understanding, willingness to allow clients to determine what will be explores in sessions, and prizing of cultural pluralism.
Person Centered Therapy Limitations in Multicultural Counseling
Some of the core values of this approach may not be congruent with the client's culture. Lack of counselor direction and structure are unacceptable for clients who are seeking help and immediate answers from a knowledgeable professional.
Reality Therapy Limitations of the Approaches
Discounts the therapeutic value of exploration of the client's last, dreams, the unconscious, early childhood experiences, and transference. The approach is limited to less complex problems. It is a problem solving therapy that tends to discourage exploration of deeper emotional issues. It is vulnerable to practitioners who want to fix clients quickly.
Reality Therapy Contributions to Multicultural Counseling
Focus is on members making own evaluation of behavior )including how they respond to their culture). Through personal assessment they can determine the degree to which their needs and wants are being satisfied. They can find a balance between retaining their own ethnic identity and integrating some of the values and practices of the dominant society.
Reality Therapy Limitations in Multicultural Counseling
The approach stresses taking charge of one's own life, yet some clients hope to chaange their external environment. Counselor needs to appreciate the role of discrimination and racism and help clients deal with social and political realities.
Behavior Therapy Limitations of the Approaches
Major criticisms are that it may change behavior but not feelings, that it ignores the relational factors in therapy; that it does nor provide insight; that it ignores historical causes of present behavior; that it involves control and manipulation by the therapist; and that it is limited in its capacity to address certain aspects of the human condition. Many of these assertions are based on misconceptions, and behavior therapists have addressed these charges. A basic limitation is that behavior change can not always be objectively assessed because of the difference in controlling environmental variables.
Behavior Therapy Contributions to Multicultural Counseling
Its focus on behavior, rather than on feelings, is compatible with many cultures. Strengths include a collaborative relationship between counselor and client in working toward mutually agreed on goals, continual assessment to determine of the techniques are suited to the client's unique situation, assisting clients in learning practical skills, an educational focus and stress on self-management strategies.
Behavior Therapy Limitations in Multicultural Counseling
Counselors need to help clients assess the possible consequences of making behavior changes. Family members may not value clients newly acquired assertive style, so clients must be taught how to cope with resistance by others.
Cognitive Behavior Therapy Limitations of the Approaches
Tends to play down emotions, does not focus on exploring the unconscious or underlying conflicts, and sometimes does not give enough weight to client's past. REBT, being a confrontational therapy, might lead to premature termination. CT might be too structured for some clients.
Cognitve Behavior Therapy Contributions to Multicultural Counseling
The collaborative approach offers clients opportunities to express their areas of concern. The psychoeducational dimensions are often useful in exploring cultural conflicts and teaching new behavior. The emphasis on thinking (as opposed to identifying and expressing feelings) is likely to be acceptable to many clients. The focus on teaching and learning tends to avoid the stigma of mental illness. Clients may value active and directive stance of therapist.
Cognitive Behavior Therapy Limitations in Multicultural Counseling
Before too quickly attempting to change the beliefs and actions of clients. It is essential for the therapist to understand and respect their world. Some clients may have serious reservations about questioning their basic cultural values and beliefs. Clients would become dependent on the therapist for deciding what are appropriate ways to solve problems. There may be a fine line between being directiv eand promoting dependence.
Family Systems Therapy Limitations of the Approaches
Limitations include problems in being able to involve all the members of a family in the therapy. Members may be resistant to changing the structure of the system. Therapists' self knowledge and willingness to work on their own family of origin issues is crucial, for the potential for countertransference is high. It is essential that the therapist be well trained, receive quality supervision, and be competent in assessing and treating individuals in a family context.
Family Systems Therapy Contributions to Multicultural Counseling
Many ethnic and cultural groups place value on the role of the extended family. Many families therapies deal with extended family members and with support systems. Networking is a part of the process, which is congruent with the values of many clients. There is a greater chance for individual change if other family members are supportive. This approach offers ways of working toward the health of the family unit and the welfare of each member.
Family Systems Therapy Limitations in Multicultural Counseling
Some approaches are based on value assumptions that are not congruent with the values of clients from certain cultures. Concepts such as individuation, self-actualization, self-determination, independence, and self expression may be foreign to some clients. In some cultures, admitting problems within the family is shameful. The value of keeping problems within the family may make it difficult to explore conflicts openly.
Recommended textbook explanations
Psychology: Principles in Practice
Spencer A. Rathus
Myers' Psychology for AP
David G Myers
Myers' Psychology for the AP Course
David G Myers
Bundle: A Concise Introduction To Logic Aplia 1 Term Printed Access Card
Patrick J. Hurley
Sets found in the same folder
NAADAC Code of Ethics
Addiction Counseling Ch. 11 Quiz: Choice Theory/Re…
NAADAC Mod 3 p 1-18
Sets with similar terms
Theories Final - Chapter 15 Summary Tables
more nace 9
Counseling Theory goals and Techniques
Other sets by this creator
Golf test 2
Other Quizlet sets
Psy 230 Exam 1 (Chapter 4)
Biochem Exam 1
government test 1
Chemistry Ch. 15