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30 terms

phlebotomy vocabulary

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infection
presence and growth of microorganism
microorganism
an extremely small microscopic living body
microbe
small microscopic organism
nonpathogenic
nondisease producing microbe
pathogenic
capable of causing disease
pathogen
organism capable of causing disease, condition or infection
chain of infection
a series of events that lead to an infection
causative organism
organism responsible for causing an infection
host
person or substance that houses a pathogen
carrier
person that does not have symptoms but can transfer a disease
mode of exit
the way a pathogen gets out of a host
susceptible host
someone at risk for contracting a disease
means of transmission
method by which the microorganisms can be transferred
isolation
a way to help prevent the spread of disease
HIV
a retrovirus that causes immunodeficiency syndrome
hepatitis B HBV
blood borne pathogen that can cause severe to chronic infection
blood borne pathogen
infectious microorganisms found in blood and body fluid
fomites
objects that can harbor microorganism
biohazzardous
anything that is harmful to humans
asepsis
free from disease
invasive procedure
procedure that requires penetration of the skin, must be sterile
strike through
contamination caused by a pathogen transported from a sterile to non sterile area
biological hazzards
materials that are dangerous to health
sharps
any item that can puncture
enviromental protection agency
federal agency that regulates harmful substances in a facility
chemoprophylaxis
use of a drug or chemical to prevent disease
strict isolation
patient completely separated
enteric isolation
bacteria comes from intestinal tract
drainage/secretion
bacteria comes from skin infection, open wounds
AFB
isolation is required tuberculosis