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James K polk

president in 1845 called "YOUNG HICKORY".
Promised 4 things:
1. to settle the Oregon Question
(Russia, England, Spain, & USA all claim Oregon. BUT Usa have the most people already living there.)
2. Secure CA, TX, & NM
3. Create independent National Treasury (basically a new bank of America
4. Lower tarrifs

Andrew Jackson

The seventh President of the United States (1829-1837), who as a general in the War of 1812 defeated the British at New Orleans. As president he opposed the Bank of America, objected to the right of individual states to nullify disagreeable federal laws, and increased the presidential powers. OLD HICKORY

Henry Clay

influential Whig senator from Kentucky who supported the 1816 Second National Bank, lost Presidental election to Polk in the 1844. hated Jackson

Daniel Webster

Leader of the Whig Party, and one of America's leading statesmen in the first half of the nineteenth century. participated in the Webster-Hayne Debates during Jackson's presidency; "Liberty and union, one and inseparable, now and forever"

Roger B Taney

appointed by Andrew Jackson to succeed John Marshall as US Attorney General. Cooperated with Jackson and withdrew federal funds from Bank of US, killing the Bank! also ruled slaves had no rights in the DRED SCOTT CASE

John Marshall

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court appointed by John Adams (Marbury vs Maddison) Federalist and establish juridicial review

Stephen Austin

Original settler of Texas, granted land from Mexico on condition of NO SLAVES, convert to ROMAN CAATHOLIC, and renounce american citizenship to become a MEXICAN citizen

Davy Crockett

frontiersmen and former Tennessee congressmen. One of the "patriots," that valiantly died fighting Santa Anna and the Mexican army at the Alamo in San Antonio.

Jim Bowie

the notorious slave smuggler, Indian fighter, and inventor of the Bowie Knife (big and super sharp), he was killed at the Alamo.

Sam Houston

United States politician and military leader who fought to gain independence for Texas from Mexico and to make it a part of the United States (1793-1863), First president of the Republic of Texas

San Jacinto

Decisive battle of the Texas Revolution; led by General Sam Houston the Texans won their independence from Mexico!qQ

Zachary Taylor

General that was a military leader in Mexican-American War and 12th president of the United States. Sent by president Polk to lead the American Army against Mexico at Rio Grande, but defeated. WHIG!

General Scott Winfield

ordered the Cherokee to leave and march the trail of tears under Jackson's presidency. Captured Mexico City in 1847

Joseph Smith

founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Mormons) was a prophet to the people

Brigham Young

The successor to the Mormons after the death of Joseph Smith. He was responsible for the survival of the religion and its establishment in Utah (Salt Lake City)

Ralph Waldo Emerson

United States writer and leading exponent of transcendentalism (1803-1882). wrote Self Reliance and I can hear America singing

Henry David Thoreau

American transcendentalist who was against a government that supported slavery. He wrote down his beliefs in Walden. He started the movement of CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE when he refused to pay the toll-tax to support him Mexican War.

Nathaniel Hawthrone

Scarlett letter; lived in Brooke Farms for a while

Herman Melville

American writer whose experiences at sea provided the factual basis of MOBY-DICK, considered among the greatest American novels

Alexis de Tocquville

was a French political thinker and historian best known for his piece DEMOCRACY IN AMERICA

Van Burren


William Henry Harrison

9th President of the United States. Hero of the Battle of Tippecanoe. Nominated as the Whig's presidential candidate for 1840. wins election, but dies in office (first to die)

John Tyler

the VP for William Henry Harrison , man without a party=nominally a Whig, but really a Democrat at heart. becomes President after William Henry Harrison, but is not well liked and sets presidency to call the VP President when he assumes roles

Charles Finney

urged people to abandon sin and lead good lives in dramatic sermons at religious revivals, a central figure in the religious revival (Second Great Awakening)

John Humphrey Noyes

founder of Oneida Community. he & his followers embraced complex marriage (all members of community married to one another)

Mother Ana Lee & Amana Society

"shakers" perfectist community, believed in shaking sin out of the body

Robert Owens


Brooke Farm

a famous Utopian community in Boston that experiments in communal living (1840s) founded by George Ripley, inspired in part by the ideals of Transcendentalism

Horace Mann

United States educator who introduced reforms that significantly altered the system of public education (1796-1859) Created PUBLIC school system

Dorothea Dix

Rights activist on behalf of mentally ill patients - created first US mental asylums

Thomas Gallaudet

set up a school for the deaf in connecticut

Elijah Lovejoy

established a reform paper: St. Louis Observer; against slavery and injustices inflicted against blacks; is a martyr for the anti-slavery movement for he was killed by a mob in 1835.

Grimke sisters Sarah & Angelina

were rich plantation owners but traded their life to become Quakers. educators and writers who were early advocates of abolitionism and women's rights.

Susan B. Anthony

leader of WOMAN SUFFERAGE MOVEMENT, who helped to define the movement's goals and beliefs and to lead its actions

How did James K Polk accomplish his campaign promises?

1. 54 40 or fight! was wiling to go to war w/ England if they weren't given the land they demanded. England doesn't want a 3rd war with US- USA is rewarded with the OREGON territory up to the 49th parrallel
2. he Annexes (adds) TX to the Union, but this angers Mexico (they think TX belongs to them) and begins the MEXICAN-AMERICAN war_short easy win for US
3. He creates a new bank of US because the old system is failing and Jackson was wrong to take it away.
4. He was a southern plantation owner

Dred Scott

Slave who travelled with his master to a free state and married there. He fought for his rights in supreme court, but Roger B Taney rulled that he had no case because he was a slave.

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