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Rome Vocab

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republic
a form of government in which power is in the hands of representatives elected by voting citizens.
patrician
a member of the wealthy, priveledged upper class.
plebian
common farmers, artistans, and merchants who mad eup most of the roman population
tribune
an official elected by the plebians to protect their rights
consul
one of the two powerful officials elected each year to command the army and direct the government
senate
the supreme government body, originally made up only of aristocrats
dictator
a political leader given absolute power to make laws and command the army for a limited time
legion
a military unit of the roman army made up of about 5,000 foot soldiers and a group of them on horseback
punic wars
three wars between rome and carthage that resulted in the defeat of Carthage and roman control over that region
hannibal
a brilliant military strategist who wanted to avenge Carthage's earlier defeat
civil war
a conflict between two political groups within the same country
julius caesar
military leader who became ruler of rome in the triumvirate, but due to jealousy of his power, was assasinated
triumvirate
a group of three leaders sharing control of the govenment
augustus
caesar;s nephew who took power as the unchallenged ruler of rome after his uncle's assasination
pax romana
a period of peace and prosperity throughout the roman empire
inflation
a decline in the value of money accompanied by a rise in the prices of goods and services
mercenary
a soldier who is paid to fight in a foreign army
diocletian
strong-willed army leader who became the new emperor
constantinoble
diocletion moved the capital of rome to the eastern side which was called Bzantium, which was later named after Constantine, which became Constantinoble
attila
chieftan who united Germany and the Huns
greco-roman culture
an ancient roman culture that developed from a blending of greek, hellenistic, and roman clutures
pompeii
roman town which was was convered in ash when nearby Mt. Vesuvius erupted, preserving many buildings and pieces of art
virgil
the roman poet who wrote the aenid
tacitus
roman historian who wrote annais and histories
wrote down history correctly
aqueduct
a pipeline or channel built to carry water to highly populated areas