83 terms

STAAR 5th Grade Reading Vocabulary (83 Terms)

These are some of the most important Reading Vocabulary words that we have learned in class this year. How many words do you know?
STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

setting
where and when the story takes place
conflict
the problem in the story
resolution
how the problem is solved or fixed;
the ending or final outcome of a story
main idea
what a piece of writing (or paragraph) is mainly about

< main idea is usually told using 1 sentence>
supporting details
sentences that give the reader specific facts, descriptions & examples that help them to better understand the main idea

<Details should NOT be included in the summary of a text>
summary (summarize)
a short paragraph that tells the main events (or most important ideas) from the beginning, middle, and end of a story.

<summary is usually told using 3-4 sentences>
theme
The repeated message in a text that helps the reader understand more about life or human behavior.
persuasive
a type of writing used to persuade (or convince) the reader of the author's point-of-view
procedural
a type of writing that tells "how to" do something

<procedural texts usually use "sequential order" as its organizational text structure>
myth
a fictional story that uses supernatural beings (gods/goddesses) to teach a moral or explain natural phenomena
origin
a beginning or coming into being
autobiography
the story of a person's life written by that person in first person point of view
biography
the story of a person's life written by someone else using third person point of view
point of view
the perspective from which a story is told
first person point of view
Told from the viewpoint of one of the characters using the pronouns "I", "me", "my", & "we"

<The narrator and a character become 'one' / they are the same person>
alliteration
the repeating of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
personification
giving human qualities to non-human things
simile
comparing 2 things by using the words "like" or "as"
idiom
an expression with a meaning different from the literal meaning of the individual words
convey
to communicate or make known
flashback
when a portion of the story goes back in time
foreshadow
when an author uses clues to help the reader to figure out what events will happen later in the plot
inference/infer
when a reader uses clues from the text (textual evidence) plus what they already know about human life to draw a conclusion
justify
to prove; to show that something is right; to defend with reasons
thesaurus
a resource used to find a list of a word's synonyms and antonyms
context clues
Clues in the text that help the reader determine (or figure out) the meaning of an unknown word
genre
a type of literature
dialogue
a conversation between two characters in a story

<quotation marks " " are placed around the words that the characters say to each other>
captions
small text found near a picture that provides important information about the picture
free verse
poetry that does NOT contain patterns of rhythm or rhyme
stage directions
instructions for actors and stage crew

<stage directions are usually written in italics>
author's purpose
The reason the author has for writing.

(Examples: Inform/teach, persuade, express, & entertain)
diagrams
A drawing that shows or explains something...usually includes labels and captions.
illustrations
Drawings or photographs that help explain what is going on in the text
moral
An important lesson that teaches the reader about right and wrong
sensory details
words and phrases that create imagery by using the 5 senses
fiction
a type of writing based on the imagination and not necessarily on fact.
nonfiction
Writing that is factual (true), not fictional. This type of writing describe people & places that are 'real' and events that really happened.
historical fiction
fiction that involves an event in history. Contains historical facts, events, or people, but is not true.
drama
a story written to be performed by actors; a play
onomatopoeia
the use of words that imitate sounds

<examples: buzzz, bang, mooooo>
rhyme scheme
a poet's plan for the pattern of rhyme in a poem
internal rhyme
when two or more words rhyme in the same line of poetry
contradict
to disagree; to say the opposite
mislead
Give the wrong idea; to deceive; to lead someone in the wrong direction
exaggerate
to say that something is larger or greater than it really is; "to stretch the truth"
cause
The reason WHY something happens
narrator
the person who is telling the story; the speaker
"comparison"
(a type of relationship among ideas within an author's argument)
shows how two things are alike/different or how one is better than the other.

("This blanket is like a fluffy cloud.") Commercials might show how one product is better or cheaper than other brands. Politicians might show how their policies or positions are better than their opponents.
"causality"
(a type of relationship among ideas within an author's argument)
You can convince others to take action by showing "cause and effect," how one thing leads to another.

("If you use this blanket, then you will be warm.") ("Use this and become more popular!") ("Chewy Fudge Granola Bars provides kids with essential ingredients, such as whole grains. Chewy Fudge Granola Bars are covered with extra fudge and sweet sugar, making it a fun after school snack for kids.")
exaggerated statements
Sometimes authors overstate the facts leading to a false sense of importance.

(We will all be doomed if we don't take a stand now!) (This is a one-time offer. You can't get this price after today.)
contradictory statements
a technique used to declare against something and cause the reader to question his/her beliefs or understanding.

(Many studies say that watching too much TV can cause young people to do poorly in school. Watching more than 30 hours a week of TV keeps young people informed about the world around them and helps them in their school studies.) (Chewy Fudge Granola Bars provides kids with essential ingredients, such as whole grains. Chewy Fudge Granola Bars are covered with extra fudge and sweet sugar, making it a fun afterschool snack for kids.)
misleading statements
Sharing unreliable information (or information you cannot trust) with the reader in order to mislead or trick them!

(Research studies show __________.) It's important to look closely at the "evidence," however, because it can be misleading. (Authors might use words such as may, might, can , could, some, many, often, virtually, as many as, or up to.)
metaphor
a comparison of 2 things WITHOUT using the words "like" or "as"
hyperbole
an extreme exaggeration

(example: "I'm SO hungry I could eat a horse!!")
imagery
a collection of word pictures that help the reader to visualize the story better; uses devices such as metaphor, simile, etc.
rising action
the central part of a story during which various problems arise, leading up to the climax
climax
the turning point in the action of a story--the most intense or exciting point of the story
falling action
the part of a story which follows the climax or turning point
text structure
the way that text is organized
"Description"
(organizational text structure of an expository text)
provides lots of details about a topic;
this helps a reader to really understand some of the characteristics of a person, place, thing, or idea (whatever the topic is!)
"Order and Sequence"
(organizational text structure of an expository text)
puts facts, events, or concepts in the order that they happened;
Authors use this text structure when giving directions or explaining the stages in an animal's life cycle, etc.

(signal words include: first; second; third; before; not long after; after that; next; at the same time; finally; then, following; now; when; since; until; during; at last)
"Problem and Solution"
(organizational text structure of an expository text)
shows the development of a problem and its solution;

(signal words include: problem, solution, because, since, as a result, so that)
"Compare and Contrast"
(organizational text structure of an expository text)
shows all the ways that two or more things are similar and different;

(signal words include: like; unlike; same as; but; in contrast; compared to; on the other hand; however; both; also; as well as; although; yet; nevertheless; as opposed to; whereas)
"Cause and Effect"
(organizational text structure of an expository text)
the author describes the causes and the resulting effects.

(signal words include: therefore; consequently; so; this led to; as a result of; because of; if; since; so that; thus; for this reason;)
culture
characteristics of a particular group of people, defined by everything from language, religion, cuisine, social habits, music and arts.
drawing conclusions
combining the inferences you have made about the characters, setting, or plot to make a statement you have discovered from analyzing the text
expository text
this type of text informs (teaches) or explains an idea for a reader
figurative language
language that helps a reader to visualize the characters, setting, and events from a text in a better way.
plot
the events that make up a fictional story
prefix
(analyzing a word)
a group of letters that is added at the beginning of a word to help a reader better understand the meaning of a word they do not know.
suffix
(analyzing a word)
a group of letters that is added at the end of a word to help a reader better understand the meaning of a word they do not know.
sensory language
words and details that appeal to a reader's 5 senses (sight, touch, taste, hearing, smell, emotion)
text features
parts of a text (table of contents, index, etc)
effect
an event that follows (comes after) and is caused by some previous event
reinforce
strengthen and support
affect
to influence
reveal
to show; make visible
impact
influencing strongly
evaluate
to judge
disprove / disproving
to prove to be false
interfere
to get in the way of
neglect
to ignore; to pay no attention to someone or something
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