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39 terms

ER Medications

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IV
Intravenous; Delivered through a vein
IVP
Intravenous Push; Brief injection through a vein
IVPB
Intravenous Piggy Back; In tandem with, usually with normal saline
IM
Intramuscular; Directly into the muscle
SQ
Subcutaneous; Directly into the skin
PO
Per Os; Orally, by the mouth
PR
Per Rectum; Rectally, into the rectum
SL
Sub-Lingual; Under the tongue
gtt
Drops; Droplet, i.e. an ophthalmic eye drops
Drip
Intravenous Drip; Continuous injection through a vein.
Neb
Inhaled Nebulizer; Inhaled mist
Patch
Transdermal; Directly through the skin
How do you write a medication order? Give example...please.
Medication name --> Dosage Strength --> Route
examples:
Levaquin 750mg IVPB
Tylenol 1g PO
Morphine 2.5mg IVP
Advanced Cardiac Support
used during cardiac resuscitation efforts
Analgesics
alleviate pain.
Antiarrhythmics
Used for correcting abnormal rhythms in the heart
Antibiotics
Used to treat or protect against bacterial infections
1-Anticoagulants and 2-Thrombolytics
1-Thin blood [for blood clots] and 2-break apart clots that have already formed [dangerous!]
Anticonvulsants
Used to decrease the likelihood of seizures
Antiemetics
Used to reduce nausea and vomiting
Antihistamines
Used to reverse allergic reactions
Antihypogylcemics
Used to increase blood glucose levels
Antihyperglycemics
Used to decrease blood glucose levels
Antihypertensives
Used to decrease blood pressure
Antipsychotic
Used to decrease psychotic behavior
Anxiolytics
Used to decrease feelings of anxiousness
Brochodialators
Used to dilate the airways and improve respiratory function
Corticosteroids
Steroids used to decrease inflammation
GI Meds
Used to ease gastrointestinal discomforts
Induction Agents
Used to induce anesthesia prior to a procedure that requires sedation
Local Analgesics
Used to numb a localized area of tissue, usually for wound repairs
Muscle Relaxants
Used to relax muscle tension or spasms
Narcotic Antagonist
Used to counteract opioid overdose
Neuromusculer Blockers/Paralytics
Used to paralyze the muscles of the body, usually used to prepare the patient for intubation.
Potassium
Used to treat hypokalemia [low potassium]
Sedatives
Used to calm, or mildly sedate the patient
Vasodialators
Used to dilate blood vessels to improve blood flow
Vertigo
Used to treat dizziness associated with vertigo
Miscellaneous
various medications involving burns, skin tears, bilirubin increase, corneal abrasions, and Esophageal FB.