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Key Concepts:

Terms in this set (18)

A: Investigate whether or not working memory would be affected by processing two different types of interfering information

M: Dual-task paradigm
-20 male chess players from Cambridge, UK
ranged in skill level from casual chess players to grand champions
-Asked to view a chess piece arrangement for 10 seconds on their left and recreate the arrangement on a different chessboard on their right (using their working memory)
-IV: type of interfering information
-1) phonological loop interfered with by repeating the word "the" every second to the rhythm of a metronome
-2) visuo-spatial sketchpad was interfered with by typing into a keyboard that was out of sight under a table with one hand and arranging chess pieces with the other)

F: Average score for memory of chess pieces:
-Greater reduction in visuo-spatial processing interference condition: 4/25
-Phonological interference condition: 16/25

TSS: supports the working memory model (differing effects on cognition based on modality) -some evidence for Baddeley and Hitch's claim that sensory store is comprised of different storages that process different types of information
-different modalities influenced scores of memory recall (working memory) differently, which suggests that distinct slave systems for processing different modalities exist because visuo-spatial interference (same modality as recreating chess arrangement) led to more of a reduced memory recall with an average score of 4/25 than phonological interference, which had a score of 16/25
-if there were only one system of working memory, there would be no significant difference between memory recall with phonological (auditory) and visuo-spatial (visual) interference and processing of information