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Terms in this set (57)
Town in Egypt, site of the victory by Britain's Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery over German forces led by General Erwin Rommel (the 'Desert Fox')
last battle of operation torch
hundreds of ships built to move supplies and troops
Double V Campaign
Victory, african americans used 2 peace signs to prove their worth
Black-Americans' campaign to earn victory in the home front (fight discrimination at home) and victory overseas (fighting the enemy Axis powers)
Japanese American Citizens League-
after 9066 they wanted to prove their worth so they went against Japan in the war effort
founded in 1929 to protect Japanese Americans' civil rights, worked for decades to receive government compensation for property lost by Japanese Americans interned in camps during World War II.
"Horton Hears a Who"-
Dr. Suess making up for his racist propaganda against the Japanese
A secret U.S. project for the construction of the atomic bomb.
after pearl harbor, Jimmy Doolittle came up with the idea to bomb japan using aircraft carrieers
B-25- bombers a two engine aircraft used in doolittle raid
The retaliatory attack by American bombers after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
City in Japan, the first to be destroyed by an atomic bomb, on August 6, 1945. The bombing hastened the end of World War II.
Japanese city in which the second atomic bomb was dropped (August 9, 1945).
Highly flammable jellied gasoline chemical dropped from US planes in firebombing attacks during the Vietnam War.
Executive order 8002
Prohibited discrimination in the employment of workers in defense industries or government because of race, creed, color, or national origin
Executive Order 9066
2/19/42; 112,000 Japanese-Americans forced into camps causing loss of homes & businesses, 600K more renounced citizenship; demonstrated fear of Japanese invasion
allowed japenese concentration camps
Atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki
Name of the bomb that exploded over Hiroshima
May 8, 1945; victory in Europe Day when the Germans surrendered
"Victory over Japan day" is the celebration of the Surrender of Japan, which was initially announced on August 15, 1945
Codename for allied invasion of North Africa from Novermber 1942 to September 1943
europe the invasion of africa, wanting control over fuel in middle east, control over the mediterainean and Nile river trade routes
An international organization formed after WWII to promote international peace, security, and cooperation.
-officer training for african americans pilots
famous segregated unit of African-American pilots
Zoot Suit Riots
Mexican-Americans fighting for heir rights along the outher border
"Lighting war", typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland in 1939
in charge of europe defenses
Allied commander in WW2 in Europe; helped plan the D-Day invasion at Normandy; 34th President
Commander in Chief of the combined Japanese fleet, led invasion of Pearl Harbor and Battle of Midway
German Nazi dictator during World War II (1889-1945), Nazi leader and founder; had over 6 million Jews assassinated during the Holocaust
British Prime Minister who opposed the policy of appeasement and led Great Britain through World War II
American general; he commanded U.S. troops in the South Pacific during World War II; later he commanded UN forces in the Korean War; also drove the Bonus Marchers out of DC
in charge of british army
in charge of the french army, later became pres, of france
president during ww2
supreme ally commander
emperor of Japan who renounced his divinity and became a constitutional monarch after Japan surrendered at the end of World War II (1901-1989)
naval admiral, battle of midway,
Leader of Russia during WWII
founded fascism and ruled Italy for almost 21 years, most of that time as dictator. He dreamed of building Italy into a great empire, but he led his nation to defeat in World War II (1939-1945) and was executed by his own people.
the big 3 britain, us, soviet, would accept nothing but complete surrender
1945 Meeting with US president FDR, British Prime Minister(PM) Winston Churchill, and and Soviet Leader Stalin during WWII to plan for post-war
July 26, 1945 - Allied leaders Truman, Stalin and Churchill met in Germany to set up zones of control and to inform the Japanese that if they refused to surrender at once, they would face total destruction.
Great Britain, US, Soviet Union
Winston Churchill (GB), Franklin D. Roosevelt(USA), Josef Stalin(SU), General MacArthur
Germany, Italy, Japan
Adolf Hitler (Germany), Benito Mussolini (Italy), Emperor Hirohito (Japan).
How did American Neutrality impact the start of World War II?
when the us entered the war on the allied side, they were advanced in military and machines so they provided stability to Gb and SU because of their advancements. they paid for a lot of weapons and infantry and supported them in war
Lend-Lease and Military Aid to the Allies in the Early Years of World War II. During World War II, the United States began to provide significant military supplies and other assistance to the Allies in September 1940, even though the United States did not enter the war until December 1941.
How did the United States choose an alliance?
After the attack on Pearl Harbor US wanted revenge on Japan
Japan opened the war with its attack on Pearl Harbor, the US declared war on Japan, and Japan's allies Germany and Italy declared war on the US, bringing the US into World War II.
Analyze the message FDR conveyed to the world in his Four Freedoms speech? How did Norman Rockwell capture that message in his paintings?
Roosevelt insisted that people in all nations of the world shared Americans' entitlement to four freedoms: the freedom of speech and expression, the freedom to worship God in his own way, freedom from want and freedom from fear.
If the United States spent most of the 1930s determined to remain isolationists and neutral; how and why did the United States finally enter the war? Summarize how the Japanese and American relations deteriorated?
After pearl harbor they became frusterated and wanted to help destroy Japan
japas allies called war on US and JApan wanted to destroy the US
Did the Japanese accomplish their goal of destroying the American Pacific fleet during the attack on Pearl Harbor? How did FDR's response to the attack impact the outcome of the war?
The Japanese bombers missed oil tanks, ammunition sites and repair facilities, and not a single U.S. aircraft carrier was present during the attack.
Roosevelt signed the declaration of war later the same day. ... Public opinion had been moving towards support for entering the war during 1941, but considerable opposition remained until the attack. Overnight, Americans united against the Empire of Japan in response to calls to "Remember Pearl Harbor."
How will Executive Order 9066 impact the American Homefront? What were the conditions of the Japanese internment camps?
The executive order authorized the Army to remove any person living on the West Coast deemed a threat to national security.internment camps were overcrowded and provided poor living conditions.
How did the American public and the Supreme Court react to the internment camps? How did this compare to the Japanese response to the internment camps? What role did the media play in supporting the American government during a time of war?
How did Americans contribute and sacrifice on the homefront to support the war effort?
many Americans volunteered for military service. Their numbers, however, were too small to build the large army needed to fight the war. ... At home, buying war bonds or savings stamps was probably the most common way to support the war.
How did the Soviet Union join the Allied Powers?
The Soviet Union joined the Allies because Nazi Germany invaded the Soviet Union.
Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union had a non aggression pact. This allowed Germany and the Soviet Union to invade and divide up Poland. It also allowed the Soviet Union to annex the Baltic States.
How did the fighting in Europe finally end? How did Americans celebrate May 8, 1945?
World War 2 ended with the unconditional surrender of the Axis powers. On 8 May 1945, the Allies accepted Germany's surrender, about a week after Adolf Hitler had committed suicide. VE Day - Victory in Europe
Analyze the effectiveness of island hopping as a military strategy. What was the main goal for the Allied Powers?
The island hopping strategy was very costly. ... Ultimately, the island hopping campaign was successful. It allowed the US to gain control over sufficient islands in the Pacific to get close enough to Japan to launch a mainland invasion.
What factors were considered in the decision to use the atomic bomb against Japan?
President Harry S. Truman, warned by some of his advisers that any attempt to invade Japan would result in horrific American casualties, ordered that the new weapon be used to bring the war to a speedy end
Japanese suicide pilots who loaded their planes with explosives and crashed them into American ships.
American general who was involved in the Normandy invasion and the Battle of the Bulge; known for his great ability in tank warfare
Also known as the "Desert Fox" he was the the leader of the German African Corps. After being suspected of trying to kill Hitler, he commits suicide
Hitler's plan to kill off the rest of the of non arian and jews
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The Scarlet Ibis Definitions
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