Sociocultural Approach Studies
Terms in this set (12)
Abrams et al (1990)
This study investigated the role of social identity on conformity. It found that conformity was greatest when participants had to give a public response with their in-group. Conformity was lowest when participants gave a public response with the out-group. Private responses did not differ significantly between in- and out-groups.
conformity - tendency to go along with the views and actions of others, even if you know they are wrong - line test
Modification of the Asch experiment used between two cultures: the Temne culture (agricultural-based, need to cooperate to feel the community) and the Inuits (hunting-based, need to be independent). Inuits were generally non-conforming, whereas Temne were conforming.
Chen et al (2005)
Time orientation in bicultural participants. The aim of the study was to investigate the role of Confucian Work Dynamism (Long-term orientation) on an individual's buying habits.
Study of a small UFO cult called the Seekers that believed that a great flood was imminent and that spacemen would rescue those who were true believers. Wanted to find out how the members of the cult would cope when they realized that this apocalyptic event did not happen.
Harris and Fiske (2006)
This study used fMRI to examine the role of the prefrontal cortex and amygdala in reaction to extreme outgroups (homeless individuals and drug addicts.) It found that the amygdala was activated, as well as the insula gyrus,which is associated with disgust-inducing non-human objects. However, the medial prefrontal cortex, which is the part of the brain activated when we think about other people, was NOT activated.
Carried out research to better understand the cognitive strategies of indigenous Australians. Showed that the Aborigines had a stronger visual-spatial sketchpad due to their desert environment.
This study found that in collectivist cultures, personal relevance and intensity of emotion played less of a role in predicting flashbulb memories, compared with more individualistic cultures that place greater emphasis on an individual's personal involvement and emotional experiences.
Rogers and Frantz
They suggested that expats developed more stereotypes and prejudice the longer they stayed in a foreign country (Zimbabwe) against the local population. They suggested that this was because they adopted the social representations that were dominant in the group they were joining.
Sherif et al.
With minimal prompting, boys who had been assigned to groups formed strong alliances within their own group and attacked members of the other group, even though they were previously friends.
Steele and Aronson (1995)
Studied stereotype threats on African American and Latino students on intellectual tasks.
Study to see how one's social identity may affect behaviour. Boys allocated into groups based on if they overestimated or underestimated groups, boys had to allocate money to other boys
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