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Health Knowledge Bowl: Questions Part One
Terms in this set (106)
Name 3 of the 4 tissues that make up the organs of the body.
Epithelial, Connective, Nerve, Muscle
Name the body planes that divides the body into right and left sides.
Sagittal or Median (also will accept Midsagittal)
Which body system performs the following functions: framework for the body, protection for internal structures, storage area for calcium, and produces blood cells?
Name the two major organs located in the thoracic cavity.
Lungs and Heart (would accept Large blood Vessels as an option)
Name the disease process that is characterized by softening or increased porosity of the bones which causes them to break more easily. It is often seen more in postmenopausal women due to decrease in estrogen production.
Which type of muscle tissue makes up the muscles of the body that are voluntary?
Skeletal or Striated
Skeletal muscles may move a body part away from the midline of the body. What is this movement called?
Abduction or to Abduct
What is the medical term for the tissue that makes up the thick middle layer of the heart?
Name the type of blood vessel that has a thin (one cell layer thick) wall that allows for the exchange of oxygen, nutrients, carbon dioxide and metabolic products.
Name the value in the heart that prevents the backflow of blood from the right ventricle into the right atrium?
Tricuspids or Right AV Valve
Name the structure of the lungs that allows the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the lungs and the capillaries surrounding these structures.
The small intestine is approximately 20 feet in length. What is the name given to the first 10 inches (approximately) of the small intestine?
Name the four primary structures that make up the urinary system.
Kidneys, Urinary Bladder, Ureters, and Urethra
Name the disease process that is characterized by impaired production of insulin by the pancreas which results in hyperglycemia.
The nervous system is divided into two parts. Name the part that includes the brain and spinal cord.
Central Nervous System
Name the gonads for both the male and female reproductive systems.
Testes and Ovaries
Facial expressions such as a frown or a scowl are examples of what type of communication?
Name three things that will promote Active listening or "good" listening skills.
Show interest, "hear" the message by repeating what you think you heard, allow the sender to give the entire message (do not interrupt), patience, eye contact, be at the same level as the sender. etc.
State the three essential elements to communication.
Message, Sender, Receiver
When documenting on the medical record the health care worker write observation that can be seen, heard, felt, smelled or otherwise measured by all who make the observation. What type of observation are these?
Describe the proper way to sign an entry in the medical record.
First Initial, Last Name, and your Title
Write the proper medical term for the surgical removal of the uterus.
Write the proper medical term for hardening of an artery.
Write the proper medical term for the recording of the electrical impulses of the brain.
Electroencephalograph or Electroencephalogram
Write the proper medial term for enlargement of the liver and spleen.
Write the medical abbreviation foe after meals.
Write the medical abbreviation for three times a day.
Write the meaning of the medical abbreviation "prn"
whenever necessary or as needed
What is the term for a graphic that shows how each department fits into the system and identifies the line of authority within the health care facility called?
What is the name of the federal government method of reimbursing health care facilities for medicare and medicaid expenses, established in 1983 to attempt to contain the cost of health care. Under this plan reimbursement is based on an approved grouping of medical condition, the reasonable cost for each condition, and its standard treatment. (Do not use the abbreviation.)
Diagnostic Related Groups
What is the primary purpose of a letter of application or a cover letter?
To obtain an interview
On the application the applicant will list people the employer may contact to validate the honesty and accuracy of the resume' and application. What are these people called?
When completing an application what should you do if you do not have a response to include in a section of the application?
put the word "none" or the letters "NA"
What is the amount of money that is available to you after all payroll deductions have been taken out of your salary called?
Many health careers require that students compete an educational program, pass a state board exam, and may require that those certain standards be maintained. Upon successful completion of the state board exam the student will receive what credential?
What is an advance directive that designates a person to make health care decisions when the person is unable to make decisions for himself?
Durable Power of Attorney for Health Care
What is the legal term for permission granted voluntarily by a person who is of sound mind after the procedure and all the risks have been explained in terms the person can understand?
What is the legal term for writing defamatory matters about an individual or a group?
What is the legal term for failing to complete a task that another health professional with similar training would have done or doing a task incorrectly compared to usual standards which results in injury to the patient?
State the legal term for placing an Alzheimer's patient into a wheelchair and putting a vest restraint on him so he will not fall without trying other less restrictive alternatives.
You are working in an Emergency Department when you note a patient that you are concerned might have been physically abused. List three signs/symptoms that might signal physical abuse.
Unexplained: Bruises, Fractures, or Injuries; Change in Personality, poor personal hygiene, withdrawn behavior, patient statement that indicate abuse, Burns in the Shape of Cigarettes
Most professions have developed a list of what the profession considers to be a standard of conduct or what the members of the profession accept as morally right and good conduct. These lists often include things such as saving life and promotion of health above all else, respect the patient's choices ect. This list written by the health by the health professions is called what?
Code of Ethics
Values such as demonstrating a spirit of service, performing your duties with excellence, treating all patients and co-workers fairly, arriving at work on time, calling in sick only when truly ill are examples of what?
What is a disease-causing microorganism called?
The streptococci microorganism is classified as what type of microorganism?
An indwelling catheter is contaminated during the insertion process and subsequently causes an infection. What mode of transmission is this?
The Centers for Disease Control established rules to prevent the spread of microorganisms by considering all body fluids from any person to be potentially infectious. What is the name of these rules established by CDC?
List three rules of basic body mechanics.
Maintain a broad base of support, Keep your back straight, Bend from the hips and knees, Use the strongest muscles of the legs to do the work, Carry heavy objects close to the body, Avoid twisting your body as you work, Push or pull whenever possible rather then lifting, Size up the load and get help if needed
OSHA requires that employers inform employees of all chemical and hazards in the workplace. Hazardous products must have information provided about the product identification, precautions to use when handling the chemical, ect. What is the name of the document to inform employees of these hazards called? (Do not abbreviate.)
Material Safety Data Sheets
What is an important safety precaution when a patient is receiving oxygen therapy?
Post a "No Smoking" sign
What is the first step in controlling heavy bleeding (after donning non-sterile gloves)?
Apply direct pressure with some type of dressing
Describe two responsibilities of a leader of a team.
Organizing and coordinating the teams activities, Encouraging all team members to share their ideas, Motivating team members to work together established goals, Assisting to work through problems, Monitoring the progress of the team
Write two benefits of teams over working as an individual.
More opinions results in better care, Share the work load, More fun, Utilize the strengths of team members
When considering the health care team, who is considered to be the center of the team?
The patient or the patient and his/her family
Why are carefully worded goals important to the effectiveness of a team?
Everyone is working toward the same target or able to evaluate the effectiveness by evaluating progress toward the goal.
What is the name of the body system that includes the skin, associated glands, hair and nails?
What is the term used for the ends of the long bones which contains the red bone marrow?
What is the name of the bone that is at the tip of the sternum? This tip is vital in hand placement when performing CPR.
Name the structure that is a connective tissue, cordlike extension from the muscle, which connects muscle to bone?
Name 4 of the 10 Cranial Nerves
Olfactory, Optic, Occulomotor, Trochlear, Trigeminal, Abducens, Facial, Vestibulocochlear (formerly auditory or acoustic), Glossopharyngeal, Vagus, Accessory (formerly spinal accessory)
State the number of deciduous teeth in a primary dentition.
There are five types of leukocyte that is one of the two agranulocytes, is the largest in size, and functions in phagocytosis.
Which blood type has both the A and B antigens on the surface of the red blood cell and has no antibodies circulating in the plasma part of the blood?
What is the name of the tissue located in the upper wall of the right atrium of the heart that is known as the pacemaker for the heart because it initiates the heartbeat? (Do not abbreviate.)
Name two of the three artieries that branch directly off the arch of the aorta. Be specific as to right or left.
Brachiocephalic Artery, Left Common Carotid Artery, Left Subclavian Artery
State the name of a disease process that is described as a localized weakness in the wall of an artery that results in a bulging sac when the heat beats.
What is the name of the continuous double sac that covers each lung called?
COPD is a term that describes a patient affected by two or more lung diseases (emphysema, bronchitis, or asthma). What does COPD stand for?
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
You are working with a patient who just told you that his father dies of a heart attack at age 50. He states, "I am afraid I am going to die." You respond with "Yea, go on." This response is an example of what therapeutic technique.
You read a physician's order that states to give Morphine 10 mg IM q 4 hr prn pain. Write out the instructions from the physician.
Give Morphine 10 milligrams intramuscularly every 4 hours as needed for pain
What is the medical term for the surgical removal of the uterus and fallopian tubes?
You believe a patient is hallucinating because he says he sees butterflies on the wall and is hearing voices. Write the narrative note in the medical record for this observation.
Patient states he sees butterflies on the wall and is hearing voices. (proper signature)
What are two methods of protecting a patient's private health information when using computers?
Use of User ID or Password, Make sure screens are not left visible to the general public
You read the following entry in the medical record. What 2 things are incorrect about the following entry?
Notes a small sore on the left leg. Done dressing change as ordered. (proper signature)
Notation about the wound should be more specific as far as size and location, Improper grammar- "done" should be "did"
Federal government involvement in health care decision is common. The Supreme Court recently in a 6-3 decision cancelled a provision that exempts medical users from federal prosecution. Medical users of what?
Marijuana or Medical-marijuana
A recent study in the New England Journal of Medicine showed that a new vaccine can reduce this disease in more than half of the people 60 and older. This new vaccine is 20 times more concentrated then the chicken pox vaccine used in children. What is this vaccine?
A government agency calls a TV commercial for Enbrel, a drug used to treat psoriasis, "misleading." This agency has a drug-marketing enforcement office that reviews more than 30,000 pieces of promotional material each year. What is this government agency? (No abbreviations)
Food and Drug Administration
The institute of Medicine released a landmark report in 2000. As a result of this report, health care organizations have been pushed to focus on patient safety. Even after changes such as team training, computerized prescriptions and adding a pharmacist to the medical teams, the rate is still very high. The rate of what?
Americans who die because of medical errors.
Personal characteristics are important to becoming a quality health professional. Using good judgement in what you say and do is an example of what personal characteristic?
State two things that will make a positive first impression during a job interview.
Dress conservatively or professionally, Firm Handshake, Arrive on time, Eye contract, Smile
To give focus to your career planning, you may write statements that state what you accomplish with time limiting targets. When you write one of these statements that indicates something you want to accomplish within the next 10 years, what would this be called?
The SkilssUSA Leadership Handbook state that employers see one particular trait as especially important in a good employee. This characteristic is developed by doing things such as being careful how you speak to others, showing interest in your co-workers, keeping an open mind, being cheerful, avoiding gossip or jokes that hurt others. What is this characteristic?
Getting along with others
You are going to begin your job search. You put together a collection of items that represent your education, self-development, and career information. This collection would include things such as resume, listing occupational competencies, letters of reference, copies of special awards or recognition, and maybe even some photographs of your work. What is this collection of items called.
In the salary portion of the job application, what does the SkillsUSA PDP say you should write unless you are absolutely certain of the wages paid for this position?
Confidentiality has become a huge issue in health care today. New regulations designed to protect the private health information of patients has been implemented. This legislation is called what? (Do not abbreviate)
Health Information Portability and Privacy Act
The American Hospital Association created a document that states patients should receive considerate and respectful care, be allowed to participate in health care decisions, have medical information private and confidential, and to be informed of the hospital policies, etc. This document is called what?
Patient's Bill of Rights
A licensed nurse administers an inappropriate dose of a medication which the average nurse with similar training and experience would clearly have know was not correct. This failure to perform to the standard of professional nurse is an example of what?
You are caring for a patient who is difficult to work with. You overhear a co-worker state, "If you don't take these pills right now, I am going to shove them down your throat." What is the legal term for this type of threat?
A significant ethical issue facing health care today, according to USA Today, is affected by restrictions in federal funds for reseacrh on stem-cell technology. What is the ethical issue at the center of the debate?
Destruction of human embryos to obtain stem cells.
What is the differences between legal and ethical?
Legal responsibilities are determined by laws. Ethics is a set of principles relating to what is morally right or wrong.
As a health care professional, you may not always agree with a patient's health care decision. It is important to be able to "hear" both sides of an issue even if you do not "believe" all the arguments. Write one statement in favor of the decision to continue with tube feedings for a patient in a persistent vegetative state and one statement against this issue. (allow 45 seconds to answer)
In favor: No right to play God, Cure might be found to allow for recovery.
Against: Cost to keep person alive in persistent vegetative state, no quality of life.
What is a Professional Code of Ethics?
A code of conduct representing ideal behavior for a group of people.
An infection that develops as a result of the person's weakened body defenses is considered what type of infection?
What is a process that destroys all microorganisms, both pathogenic and non-pathogenic, including spores and viruses?
You are caring for a patient who has been diagnosed with Tuberculosis and has been placed on Airborne Precaution. What PPE must you wear when entering this room?
N95 Respirator Mask or Special Mask for TB
The acronym "RACE" is commonly used to remember the steps to follow in case of a fire in a health care facility What does "RACE" stand for?
R- Rescue anyone in immediate danger
A- Activate the alarm
C- Confine the fire
E- Extinguish the fire
When performing CPR, what is the correct technique that should be used to open the airway?
You have come upon a scene where there is a burn victim. The scene is safe to enter, 911 has already been called, and you have determined that there are no life-threatening injuries. The patient appears to have first-degree and mild second-degree burn of the right arm and leg. What is appropriate first step when providing first aide for a first-degree or mild second-degree burn until advanced medical help arrives?
Cool the burn by flushing it with large amounts of cool water
Write three characteristics that contribute to an effective team.
All members contribute, Members are committed to the goal, Good interpersonal communication skills, Honesty among team members, Willing to try different solutions
What must be included when writing a goal?
What you want to accomplish, stated using clear and precise terms, When you want to accomplish the goal, Specific task that need to be completed to accomplish the goal
Visualize a graphic with the patient and his/her family is in the center and consisting of nursing staff, rehabilitation staff, physicians, dietary staff, and in long-term care social services and activities staff and other health professionals contributing to the plan of care for the patient. What is this describing?
Health Care Team
The team of employees you work with may be very different. These differences may include gender, race, ethnic background, age, lifestyle, dress, religion, political beliefs, dietary practices which are important to be sensitive to. these differences in our workforce are called what?
How does the World Health Organization define health?
The state of physical, mental, and social well-being
Write threee examples of positive stress management techniques.
Take a walk, Count to 10, Relaxation Techniques, Do an activity that relaxes you such as read a book, play the piano etc. Meditation
Adequate rest is frequently considered a part of healthy living habits. How much sleep is appropriate for the average adult?
Why is maintaining healthy living habits particularly important for health care providers?
Patients are more likely to believe our teaching when we practice what we teach
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