Sociocultural Key Terms (SL)
Terms in this set (35)
a person who is given a role to play in a study so that the social context can be manipulated
method used to analyse qualitative data in which the research looks for "themes" or trends that emerge from the data.
observation in which the observer's presence or purpose is kept secret from those being observed
research design that examines people of different ages at a single point in time
research in which the same people are restudied and retested over a long period
a procedure for statistically combining the results of many different research studies
A type of triangulation in which multiple data collection methods are used, such as interviews, observation, and document review.
a naturalistic observation in which the observer becomes a participant in the group being observed
A study that attempts to find a correlation between two variables by collecting data early in the life of participants and then continuing to test them over a period of time to measure change and development.
research approach that attempts to retrace earlier events in the life of a subject
The adoption of cultural traits, such as language, by one group under the influence of another.
The gap between immigrant children and their parents with regard to language ability and cultural values. Parents tend to rely more heavily on their former cultural views, while immigrant children adapt more easily to the values of the new country.
stress resulting from the need to change and adapt a person's ways to the majority culture
the social process of absorbing one cultural group into harmony with another
a tendency to search for information that supports our preconceptions and to ignore or distort contradictory evidence
The range of behaviours that members of a particular social group or society can be expected to show
fairly permanent and enduring sets of related norms and values
individual personality characteristics that affect a person's behavior
looking at behaviors of a group from the perspective of one member of that group.
the process of adopting or internalizing the schemas of your culture.
typically taken within cross-cultural psychology where behaviour is compared across specific cultures. Etic study involves drawing on the notion of universal properties of cultures, which share common perceptual, cognitive, and emotional structures.
people see a relationship between two variables even when there is none.
Informational social influence
Also known as social proof - when people look to the actions of others in an attempt to determine how to behave in a given situation.
favoring members of one's in-group over out-group members.
When there is an interest in adopting the behaviours and values of a new culture, while still maintaining one's original culture.
the culture that we grow up in and share with others in the same environment.
when it is not really possible to maintain one's original culture, but because of exclusion or discrimination, it is not possible to assimilate into a new culture.
Normative social influence
when a person conforms to be liked or accepted by members of a group.
when one is highly aware of one of their membership to a social group.
one's belief in one's ability to succeed accomplishing a task.
a drive within individuals to gain accurate self-evaluations by comparing oneself to other people.
how someone reacts to something depending on their immediate social or physical environment.
a social perception of an individual in terms of group membership or physical attributes.
when worry about conforming to a negative stereotype leads to underperformance on a test or other task by a member of the stereotyped group
our tendency to repeat or imitate behaviors for which others are being rewarded.
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