Health Science I CPAS Questions
Terms in this set (166)
What bacteria is circular shaped?
Masks should always be
What safety precaution should be used if someone has TB?
monocytes and neutrophils
What component of WBC's fight infection?
Polyphagia, polyuria, polydipsia
What are the most common s/s of diabetes?
avoid confrontation, discuss the matter calmly in private.
What should you do if you and a co-worker have a disagreement about a patient's procedure?
What is the name of the bacteria that increases the risks of developing ulcers?
invasion of privacy
A doctor that discusses a patient's medical case with the press without the patient's consent is violating what ethical law?
How many days do items usually remain sterile after being autoclaved?
What type of cells are bones made of?
What PPE do you wear for a routine dressing change?
What is part of the urinary and reproductive system in males?
Rescue, Alarm, Confine, Extinguish or Escape
What does the acronym RACE stand for?
What is the name of the opening into the urethra from the outside in a female?
A leader or administrator that makes all the decisions and does not allow anyone else to have input and has trouble delegating responsibilities is using what type of leadership style?
Bed is at lowest level, call button in easy reach, no spills on floor, pt. In proper alignment, no tripping hazards
When leaving a patient's room what are the safety checks that should always be done?
Spins blood down to separate cells from plasma
What does a centrifuge do?
What is the tx. for renal failure?
2 inch border around the sterile field
What part of a sterile field is considered contaminated?
Muscles are constantly in a state of readiness. This is called:
The bone located on the thumb side of the lower arm is the:
Invasion of Privacy
Two nurses are overheard talking about a patients chart. What is this a violation of?
Thigh muscles(quads) and buttocks
What muscles should you use when lifting heavy objects?
Occupational Safety and Health Administration, their hob is to make the workplace a safe environment, enforce rules
What does OSHA stand for and what is their job?
What PPE should wear if there is a blood or body secretion spill?
Politely refuse and explain that you are already paid for your services
A patient gives you $50 and tells you this is for helping her. What should you do?
Use of an antiseptic to perform asepsis.
A nurse wipes the deltoid of a patient with an alcohol wipe prior to giving an injection in the arm. What type of aseptic technique is this?
Bloody or soiled dressing
What would be an example of an item you would place in a red biohazard bag?
What procedure is used to get rid of kidney stones?
An alternative form of medicine that has been around for thousands of years and uses tiny needles to stimulate nerves is known as:
Good nights sleep, eat healthy, exercise
What are some way to reduce stress?
March of Dimes
What is one example of a voluntary, non-profit agency that was created to help individuals with specific health care problems?
Mr. Smith has been restrained in his bed because he has pushed the nurse's call light 5 times in the last hour and without a Dr.'s order. What charge can this lead to?
Where is the spleen located?
Heart, lungs, major blood vessels
What are some organs found in the thoracic cavity?
What muscle in the thoracic cavity helps with breathing?
Bend from the hips and knees, get close to the patient, use strongest muscles
Debra's patient has fallen on the floor and Debra must assist the patient up. What is the correct way to help her patient up?
It emulsifies fat and makes them water soluble.
What us the function of bile?
Sinuses are mucous membrane lined and can become inflamed from pathogens and allergens.
Timothy has a severe sinus infections. How and why do the sinus cavities get infected?
Care given to provide comfort, not to cure or treat her disease or illness.
Hannah has recently been put on hospice. Her Dr. informs her it is for palliative care. What is palliative care?
A legal document that states what measures should or should not be taken to prolong life when a condition is terminal.
Karen's grandfather recently completed a living will. What is a living will?
Ginger has been diagnosed with AIDS? What type of precautions should she be placed on in the hospital?
You have just given your patient instructions on how to take their medicines when they get home. The patient repeated it back to you the instruction you gave.
A place lockout tag and reported it
your patients IV pump has just started malfunctioning. What is very important that you must do since the pump is broken.
The study of the processes of living organisms, or why and how they work is known as?
Respect their beliefs, make sure they understand you instructions by asking them to repeat them back, watch their body language for understanding.
What should you do if a patient, due to religious beliefs, refuses to look you in the eye?
Sheet containing important information on hazardous chemicals.
What is an MSDS sheet?
What group of muscles are considered voluntary?
Periods of apnea followed by periods of dyspnea is called?
To reduce swelling and pain
Why do you apply ice to a sprain?
Legally cannot force, report and document
What should you do if a patient refuses to take his medicine?
A patient c/o feeling full in the pelvic and hasn't voided all day. What is this?
The study of the elderly is called?
Your patient speaks only Chinese and requests certain herbs for healing purposes. This is an example of...
Because the dermal layer contains the nerves and nerve endings.
Why would a burn that goes into the dermal (2nd) layer of the skin be very painful?
The horizontal plane that divides the body into a top half and a bottom half is the...
The Medicare coverage that assists with payment for hospital services and care is...
Thomas works for the local newspaper and recently published information in the newspaper about someone that was false and inaccurate. Thomas is at risk to sued for...
Bacteria that occur in clusters or groups are...
OBRA (Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act)
89 y/o Miss Gertrude lives in a long-term care facility in her town. She is guaranteed certain rights at the facility under what Act passed in 1987?
4 to 6 Quarts
How much blood does the average adult have in his/her body?
Obesity, Smoking, and Race
What are three risks factors that increase a person's risk to have hypertension?
Protective eyewear and face shields.
You work in the lab at your hospital. What is important to wear while at work to avoid splashes or sprays in your face?
A wrongful act that does not involve a contract is known as a...
Joni is working out at her local gym doing sit ups. What major muscle in the abdomen is she exercising?
The body system that protects the body from injury, infection, and dehydration is the...
Fuel, heat, air/oxygen
What three things are needed to start a fire?
Electrocardiogram, electrical recording of the heart
What is an EKG?
What is the medical term for windpipe?
Behind the symphysis pubis
Where is the bladder located?
Personal Protective Equipment
PPE stand for?
What keeps blood from back-flowing in the heart?
What organ stores bile?
What medical conduction might a patient be diagnosed with that comes in c/o of night sweats, hemoptysis, and fever?
Migraines, hypertension, depression
what disease can be caused by stress?
The flu is a virus
Don Juan's Dr. has diagnosed him with the flu. why did he NOT send Don Juan home with antibiotics?
Health Insurance portability and accountability act. Makes sure all patient information is kept private and confidential.
What dose HIPAA stand for and what is its purpose?
What is the purpose of nasal hairs called cilia?
To trap pathogens and dust, and moisten air traveling to the lungs
A conduction of blue that is caused by a lack of oxygen is called?
What is the name of the watery fluid in lymphatic vessels?
Material in bones that produces red blood cells, platelets, and some while blood cells is...
Your co-worker had been caught screaming, cursing, and hitting her patient. What will she probably be charged with?
Portal of Exit
In the chain of infection, a pathogen leaving the body through sexual secretions is an example of...
Upper Abdominal Cavity
The stomach, liver, gallbladder, and small intestines are all located in what cavity?
Mucous membrane lining with folds called rugae.
What is the lining of the stomach called?
A dental hygienist slaps a patient. What can they be charged with?
What plane divides the body into R and L sides?
To carry oxygen.
What is the function of Red Blood Cell (RBC's)?
Legal disability due to being a minor
Trevor is 15 y/o and has been asked to sign a survey consent form. Why can't he sign?
What REGION of the abdomen is the spleen located in?
World Health Organization (WHO)
The agency sponsored by the United Nations that compiles statistics on disease and publishes health information is the...
What is the upper sections of the heart called?
A broken clavicle is a...
The start of urine formation.
The function of the glomerulus is...
What is a platelet?
A blood cell that's function is the clotting of blood and is also called a thrombocyte
What tube runs from the pharynx to the stomach and sends food to the stomach?
What is cirrhosis of the liver and what Stevenson the s/s?
Chronic destruction of Liver cells causing formation of fibrous connective and scar tissue. S/s are hepatomegaly, anemia, edema, jaundice, hematemsis, and ascites
The tissue that produces power and movement in the body is...
The bone disease that is characterized by tiny fractures in the spine that occur especially after menopause in females is...
What does tachy mean?
The medical term for bag or bladder is...
Flush it then report it
If you get a solution in your eye, what is the first action you should take?
What expels stool from the body?
Disease producing microorganism
Darius has been diagnosed with a bacterial infection. His Dr. keeps referring to it as a pathogen. What is a pathogen?
What plane divides the body into R and L sides?
Mucous membrane lining with folds called rugae
What the lining of the stomach called?
A dental hygienist slaps a patient. What can they by charged with?
To carry oxygen
What USB the function of red blood cells?
World Health Organtization (WHO)
The agency sponsored by the audited Nations that compiles statistics on disease an drew publishes health information is the?
What region of the abdomen USB the Olsen located in?
Material in bones that produces red blood cells, platelets, and some white blood cells is?
What injury would you most likely contract a tetanus infection?
Call name x 2, check wrist band, check name on chart, door
You have just received a new pt. On your floor. How do you correctly identify him to ensure you are giving the right pt the right meds?
The muscle in the side of the neck that runs from the sternum to the mastoid process is the...
The start of urine formation
The function of glomerulus is:
Scott has recently become disabled and is no longer able to work. What federal medical assistance program provides health care insurance for Scott?
The process that destroys pathogenic organisms but is not always effective against spores and viruses is?
The bone disease that is characterized by tiny fractures in the spine that occur especially after menopause in females is:
Food is moved through the digestive system through wavelike motion known as...
The medical term for bag or bladder is:
The Physical Therapist performs ROM on his pt. He moves the patients arm toward the midline. This is known as...
Aim at the base of the fire
When using a fire extinguisher, what is the next step following pulling of the pin?
How many inches apart should the feet be to maintain a broad base support?
Place it in sharps container
What should you do immediately after using a needle?
Inferior and superior Vena Cava
The large blood vessels that bring unoxygenated blood back to the heart is the:
The ability of a muscle to respond to a stimulus is known as?
CT scan, possible blood thinners
A man comes in the ER and c/o paralysis on the L side. What is a possible diagnosis and what measures should be taken?
Red or orange
What color are biohazard bags?
What divides the heart into R and L sides?
Inflammation of the bone and cartilage
Jason suffers from osteochondrilitis. What is this?
Ventral or anterior
What surface on the body are the knees located on?
How many inches apart should the feet be to maintain a broad base of support?
Surgical removal of the uterus
Dana is scheduled for a hysterectomy on Monday. What does the term hysterectomy mean?
A patient is diagnosed with artherosclerosis. What type of diet should be used?
The exchange of information, thoughts, ideas and feelings Ian known as:
What is the fish shaped organ that secretes enzymes for digestion and insulin for transport of sugar?
Chest pain, SOB, Cyanosis, pain radiating to arm/jaw, diaphoresis.
S/S of a heart attack(myocardial infarction) include?
A set of principles relating to what is morally right or wrong are known as...
A nurse helps a patient perform ROM on an extremity. What kind of ROM is this?
Sleep Apnea, CPAP (Continuous Positive Airway Pressure)
Your dad snores terribly every night. Sometimes you notice he quits breathing while asleep. This condition is known as..... and what is used to treat it?
Where can you give an IM injection in the upper body?
What does Leuko mean?
What does oma mean?
Inferior and Superior Vena Cava
The large blood vessels that bring unoxygenated blood back to the heart is the...
The wall of small intestines are lined with fingerlike projections that absorb nutrients from disgusted food. What are theses projections called?
The muscles that cover the ribs are the?
What bone is used to chew with?
What is the outside covering of the bone called?
What is the largest bone in the body?
What divides the heart into R and L sides?
How many times should you read labels on solution bottles?
The exchange of information , thoughts. ideas and feelings known as...
To store urine
What is the function of the urinary bladder?
Chest Pain, SOB, Cyanosis, Pain Radiating to Arm/Jaw, Diaphoresis
S/S of a heart attack (myocardial infarction) include:
What is the muscle lining of the heart?
When saliva and mucous is coughed up from the trachea into the mouth what is it called?
Psychological barrier to communication
Bonnie has been nicknamed "Negative Nancy" by her co-workers at work because she always has a negative attitude. In the communication process this is an example of ?
Where can you give an IM injection in the upper body?
The muscle that cover the ribs?
The lining on the outside of the lungs but inside the rib cage is the...
A Pyloric Sphincter
The circular muscle between the stomach and small intestine that keeps food in the stomach is the?
A patient c/o of frequent cough accompanied by pink, frothy sputum, SOB, dyspnea, and you observe distended neck veins. What are these s/s of?
Every 30 minutes and when wet
When should a mask be changed?
During surgery you need to place a sterile gauze pad into the sterile field. What is the best way?
An abnormal lateral curvature in the upper back is called?
On his left side
If Mr.Jones is paralyzed on his right side, where should the call button be placed?
An abnormal curvature in the upper back is called?