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Phlebotomy Essentials Chapter 1 (definitions)
Phlebotomy essentials 6th edition.
Terms in this set (45)
An early medical theory developed by ___ stated that disease was the result of excess substance...
One important surgical technique was venesection (cutting vein), used in the process of _____
_____ were used for general phlebotomy to open an artery or, more commonly, a vein to remove large amounts of blood.
For localized bloodletting, ___ were used.
The value of leach therapy lies in the components of the worm's_____.
Saliva; which contains a local vasodilator, a local anethetic, and hirudin (an anticoagulant)
a disorder involving the overproduction of red blood cells.
A voluntary process by which an agency grants recognition to an individual who has met certain prerequisites in a particular technical area.
an official document or permit granted by a state agency that gives legal permission for a person to work in a particular health profession.
Designed to update the knowledge or skills of participants and is generally geared to a learning activity or course of study for a specific group of health professionals, such as phlebotomists.
By recognizing diversity
The phlebotomist promotes goodwill and harmonious relationships that directly improve health outcomes, the quality of services, and public relations.
Is defined as the conduct and qualities that characterize a professional person.
Phlebotomists who exhibit self confidence has the ability to trust his or her own personal judgement.
A concept that has to do with a personal feeling of "wholeness".
The Patient Bill of Rights in Medicare and Medicaid.
Medicare now requires that patients be informed of their rights, including the right to know what treatment, and the right to confidentiality.
Confidentiality is such an important issue in testing for HIV that the patient must sign a ____
Consent form before the specimen for the test can be collected.
The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPPA) of 1996.
A federal law was passed requiring all healthcare providers to obtain as patients consent in writing before disclosing medical information.
The means by which information is exchanged or transmitted.
The study of nonverbal communication. It includes characteristics of body motion and language such as facial expression, gestures, and eye contact.
When verbal and nonverbal messages do not match.
The study of an individual's concept and use of space.
Two general categories of facilities.
Inpatient (Nonambulatory) and Outpatient (Ambulatory)
Three levels of healthcare
Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary
Public Health Service (PHS)
To promote the protection and advancement of the nation's physical and mental health.
A third party payer.
Can be an insurance company, the federal government, a managed care program, or a self-insured company that pays for healthcare services on behalf of its employees.
Today's large managed care organizations (MCOs) evolved from prepaid healthcare plans such as ______
health maintenance organizations (HMOs) and preferred provider organizations (PPOs)
Integrated healthcare delivery systems (IDSs)
A healthcare provider made up of a number of associated medical facilities that furnish coordinated healthcare services from prebirth to death.
The hematology department performs laboratory tests that identify diseases associated with blood and blood-forming tissues.
Coagulation is the study of the ability of blood to form and dissolve clots.
The chemistry department performs most laboratory tests.
Serology or Immunology
The term serology means the study of serum. Serology tests deal with the body's response to the presence of bacterial, viral, fungal, or parasitic diseases stimulating antigen-antibody reactions that can easily be demonstrated in the laboratory.
maybe housed in hematology or chemistry area.
The microbiology department analyzes body fluids and tissues for the presence of microorganisms, primarily by means of culture and sensitivity (C&S) testing.
Blood Bank (Immunohematology)
The blood bank or immunohematology department of the laboratory prepares blood products to be used for patient transfusions.
Defined as the study of the microscopic structure of tissues.
Cytology tests are concerned with the structure of cells.
In this section, samples are examined for chromosomal deficiences that relate to genetic disease.
Specimens used for chromosomal studies include:
Tissue, blood, and amniotic fluid.
Large independent laboratories that receive specimens from many different facilities located in the same city, other cities in the same state, or even cities that are out of state.
The pathologist is a physician who specializes in diagnosing disease, through the use of laboratory tests results, in tissues removed at operations from postmortem examinations.
Laboratory Administrator/Laboratory Manager
The lab administrator is usually the technologist with an advanced degree and several years of experience.
Duties of the administrator include:
overseeing all operations involving physician and patient services.
Is responsible for the administration of the area and who reports to the laboratory administrator.
Medical Technologist/Medical Laboratory Scientist
Generally has a bachelor's (BS) degree plus additional studies and experience in clinical laboratory testing.
The Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments of 1988 (CLIA '88)
Is a federal law that allows the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid services to regulate all sites performing laboratory testing in the United States.
The single most important activity to help prevent spreading disease and infection as well as stay healthy
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