APUSH Ch. 21 Review
AP US History American Pageant 13th Ed. Chapter 21 Review (Vocab + Questions) Also used: http://wikinotes.wikidot.com/chapter-21-13
Terms in this set (48)
Battle of Bull Run
July 21, 1861. Va. (outside of D.C.) People watched battle. Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson: Confederate general, held his ground and stood in battle like a "stone wall." Union retreated. Confederate victory. Showed that both sides needed training and war would be long and bloody
Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
Confederate general whose men stopped Union assault during the Battle of Bull Run
a master organizer and planner who was put in charge of getting the U.S. Army ready
McClellan planned to caputre this Southern City (which was the capital of the South)
Botched Union attempt to capture the capital Richmond by circumventing the Confederate army by sea, McClellan responsible for Union failure, also Seven Days Battle
in charge of Confederate cavalry; Lee upset with him because he arrives late and without the right things; involved in Gettysburg
Robert E. Lee
Confederate general who had opposed secession but did not believe the Union should be held together by force
Seven Days' Battles
Confederate victory in Virginia, during which Lee stopped Union campaign against Richmond and drove the union back toward the sea; was a counterattack to McClellan's Peninsula Campaign
• Was a United States Army general, diplomat, and presidential candidate
• Known as "Old Fuss and Feathers" and the "Grand Old Man of the Army", he served on active duty as a general longer than any other man in American history
• In American Civil War, he developed the Union strategy known as the Anaconda Plan that would be used to defeat the Confederacy
Plan developed by WInfield Scott that was used to defeat the Confederacy; contained of the following objectives:
1. Put a naval blockade the South.
2. Free the slaves.
3. Divide the South along the Mississippi River.
4. Divide and crush the South by marching through Georgia and the Carolinas.
5. Capture the Southern capital of Richmond.
6. Engage the enemy anywhere possible and grind them into submission.
"Running the blockade"
sneaking goods through a blockade to make a profit
a ship heavily armored with iron and thus greatly protected from cannon fire
Second Battle of Bull Run
Culmination of offensive campaign by Robert E. Lee, overwhelming victory
Battle of Antietam Creek
The Southern invasion of the North began on September 17, 1862, led and planned by Robert E. Lee; ended as a statistical draw and the single bloodiest day of the war (22,000 men died in one day) and it was one of the largest battles of the war
Results of Antietam Creek
• Europe decided to stay out of the war
• Lincoln announced the Emancipation Proclamation
was put in charge of the Northern army following Antietam; replaced McClellan
General who took over for Burnside; he was also defeated at Chancellorsville by Robert E. Lee (1814-1879)
Union General who replaced Hooker and defeated Lee at Gettysburg
Battle where Robert E. lee defeated Union army and where Jackson was shot by a fellow confederate and died.
Battle of Gettysburg
Turning point of the War that made it clear the North would win. 50,000 people died, and the South lost its chance to invade the North.
3rd day of Gettysburg, Lee asked his general to lead troops on a mile and a half run where they were then slaughtered by the union army
a 2-minute address by Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War (November 19, 1963) at the dedication of a national cemetery on the site of the Battle of Gettysburg
Ulysses S. Grant
Union military commander who won victories when others had failed and defeated Lee
U.S. Grant had his troops circle around the city, he then took the capital of Jackson, MS, and then seized this city; became a decisive battle in the American Civil War (1863)
William Tecumseh Sherman
put in charge of dividing the South by land; led the "March to the Sea" and scorched Georgia from Atlanta to Savannah on the coast; he also captured Atlanta in 1864
Political party that favored harsh punishment of Southern states after civil war
supported Lincoln and the war
opposed Lincoln (calling him the "Illinois Ape") and the "N***** War" that he led
Lincoln's loudest opponent; he leaned toward the South, was tried for treason, shipped down South, fled to Canada, there ran and lost a bid for governor of Ohio, then returned to Ohio
Election of 1864
Lincoln vs. McClellan, Lincoln wants to unite North and South, McClellan wants war to end if he's elected, citizens of North are sick of war so many vote for McClellan; end result: Lincoln wins
a group of northern Democrats who opposed abolition and sympathized with the South during the Civil War; Lincoln's most vicious opponents
region where Lincoln's critics usually came from; southern Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio; region where an antislavery war was extremely unpopular
• invented by Lincoln for Election of 1864
• included all of the Republicans and the war Democrats
• excluded the copperheads and peace Democrats
• was formed out of fear of the republican party losing control
• was responsible for nominating Lincoln.
"When in doubt, fight."
Ulysses S. Grant's motto
Date of General Lee's surrender to General Grant
Appomattox Courthouse (Virginia)
the end of the civil war, the Virginia town where Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant in 1865, ending the Civil War
John Wilkes Booth
was an American stage actor who, as part of a conspiracy plot, assassinated Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States, at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C. on April 14, 1865 (a few days after South's surrender)
September 17, 1862
Date of the Battle of Antietam
August 29, 1862
Date of the Second Battle of Bull Run
Denounced President Lincoln and called him a "first-rate second-rate man"
Burnsides Slaughter Pen
More than 10,000 men were killed or wounded in his rash frontal attack on Lee's strong position at Fredericksburng, Viriginia, on December 13, 1862
December 13, 1862
Date of Burnsides Slaughter Pen
State where U.S. Grant captured two crucial forts (Hnery and Donelson)
Union naval officer who captured New Orleans
July 4, 1863
Date of Union victory at Vicksburg
Nicknamed "the Battle above the Clouds" in Tennessee
chimneys were all that was left standing in ravaged south after Sherman burned down the rest
Kentucky and Delaware
Which two states kept slavery until it was finally abolished by the
Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution?
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