28 terms

AMS - Unit 9 - Mexican-American War / Causes of Civil War

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Abolitionist
Someone who was against slavery and wanted it to be done away with
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Ended the Mexican-American War. US gained the Mexican Cession.
U.S. Mexican War/ Mexican American War
War between the US and Mexico, 1846-1848. Started over a dispute over the border of Texas with Mexico. Abolitionists were against it, fearing the expansion of slavery in new territory
Second Great Awakening
Religious movement where people were inspired to reform society and make the US better
Seneca Falls, New York
Where a women's rights convention wrote the Declaration of Sentiments
Hudson River School
Style of American paintings that included nature, water, and landscapes
Ralph Waldo Emerson
American Transcendentalist writer who promoted self-reliance and individualism. Wrote "Nature"
Temperance Movement
Movement, whose goal was to ban or decrease the consumption of alcohol
William Lloyd Garrison
Abolitionist who publish the the anti-slavery newspaper the Liberator
Frederick Douglass
Former slave and abolitionist, published the newspaper the anti-slavery newspaper the North Star
Fugitive Slave Law/Act
Law that allowed slave-hunters to capture alleged run away slaves without due process of law in both the North and South. Many free blacks were forced into slavery. Caused many Northerners to support the abolitionist movement
Underground Railroad
Network of safe houses and routes that run away slaves used to get to freedom in Canada
Cotton
Main product of the Southern economy. Grown on plantations that were worked by slaves. The demand for cotton lead to the increase in slavery
Plantation System
The use of slaves in the south to grow cash crops like cotton and tobacco
Quakers
Religious group who were against slavery, because of their religious beliefs
Popular Sovereignty
The authority of the government comes from the people. They use this authority by voting. In the 1850's used as a way to decide the issue of slavery in the new territories
Slavery
Increased sectionalism between the North and tjhe, South and was a leading cause of the Civil War
Dred Scott v. Sanford
Supreme Court case, that found that the Constitution protected slavery and that the Federal government could not limit it
Uncle Tom's Cabin
Anti-slavery book that showed the horrors of slavery and caused some northerners to become abolitionists
Compromise of 1850
In return for California coming into the union as a free state, the South got the Fugitive Slave Law
Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854)
Allowed the people of a territory to vote to allow slavery or not. Caused fighting between pro and anti slavery groups in Kansas, known as "Bleeding Kansas". Repealed or did away with the Missouri Compromise
Missouri Compromise
In 1820 Missouri came in as a slave state, while Maine came in a free state. Slavery was ban above the southern border of Missouri or the 36 30 line and allowed beneath it
Civil Disobedience
Act of disobeying a law as a form of protest. Many northerners did this against the Fugitive Slave Act. Henry David Thoreau refused to pay taxes because of slavery.
John Brown
Fanatic abolitionist who participated in Bleeding Kansas and raided Harper's Ferry in order to start a slave revolt
The North
Economy based on factories and manufacturing. Had most of the nation's railroads and population
The South
Economy based on cash crop agriculture and slavery. Had few railroads and factories
The West
Economy based on mining metal ores and minerals .
"Bleeding Kansas"
Term used to describe conflict between pro and anti slavery settlers in Kansas territory.
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