Chapter 16 Equality and Civil Rights
Terms in this set (16)
Powers or privileges guaranteed to individuals and protected from arbitrary removal at the hands of government or individuals.
Discrimination against persons or groups that works to their harm and is based on animosity.
Discrimination that causes no harm because it is grounded in reason.
equality of opportunity
The idea that each person is guaranteed the same chance to succeed in life.
equality of outcome
The concept that society must ensure that people are equal, and governments must design policies to redistribute wealth and status so that economic and social equality is actually achieved. The concept that society must ensure that people are equal, and governments must design policies to redistribute wealth and status so that economic and social equality is actually achieved.
Civil War amendments
The Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution.
Legislation enacted by former slave states to restrict the freedom of blacks.
A tax of $1 or $2 on every citizen who wished to vote, first instituted in Georgia in 1877. Although it was no burden on most white citizens, it effectively disenfranchised blacks.
The concept that providing separate but equivalent facilities for blacks and whites satisfies the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment
The ending of authorized segregation, or separation by race.
de jure segregation
de facto segregation
Segregation that is not the result of government influence
The notion that women must be protected from life's cruelties; until the 1970s, the basis for laws affecting women's civil rights.
The amendment to the Constitution, adopted in 1920, that ensures women of the right to vote.
equal rights amendment (ERA)
A failed constitutional amendment introduced by the National Women's Party in 1923, declaring that "equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State on account of sex."
Any of a wide range of programs, from special recruitment efforts to numerical quotas, aimed at expanding opportunities for women and minority groups
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