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Terms in this set (26)
foreign body airway obstruction
a first aid procedure used to treat choking
A life-saving emergency procedure that involves breathing for the victim and applying external chest compression to make the heart pump. CardioPulmonary Resuscitation. In the early stages of a heart attack, death can often be avoided if a bystander starts CPR within 5 minutes of the onset of ventricular fibrillation. When paramedics arrive, medications and/or electrical shock (cardioversion) to the heart can be administered to convert ventricular fibrillation to normal heart rhythm. Prompt CPR and rapid paramedic response can improve the chances of survival from a heart attack.
a device that automatically analyzes the heart rhythm and if it detects a problem that may respond to an electrical shock delivers a shock to restore normal heart rhythm. Thanks to their small size and ease of use, AED's have been installed in many settings (such as schools and airports) and serve a role in expanding the number of opportunities for life-saving defibrillation.
Ventricular fibrillation (Vfib)
an abnormal and irregular heart rhythm in which there are rapid uncoordinated fluttering contractions of the lower chambers (ventricles) of the heart. Ventricular fibrillation disrupts the synchrony between the heartbeat and the pulse beat. Ventricular fibrillation is commonly associated with heart attacks and scarring of the heart muscle from previous heart attacks. Ventricular fibrillation is life-threatening.
American Heart Association, our certification, BLS is through this organization
compression, airway, breath, this is in the order CPR is delivered
forcible depression of the thorax over sternum during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. This technique is used to circulate the blood of a patient whose heart is no longer beating effectively enough to sustain life.
The path that air follows to get into and out of the lungs
the ring-shaped cartilage of the larynx.
Basic Life Support, this is the type of CPR certification health professional must obtain
sweating, especially to an unusual degree as a symptom of disease or a side effect of a drug.
Bag-mask (Ambu bag)
a device to deliver breaths to a patient without the need of mouth to mouth
emergency medical services, treat illnesses and injuries that require an urgent medical responses
signs for female (breasts, underarm hair), males (facial & chest hair, muscles definition)
breathing; the process of taking in oxygen from the air that enters the lungs through inhalation and releasing of carbon dioxide through exhalation
one type of PPE designed to protect rescuers from exposure to infection when in close contact with victims
a device used to safely deliver rescue breaths during a cardiac arrest or respiratory arrest.
permits gases to flow in one direction only
the use of a carefully controlled electric shock, administered either through a device on the exterior of the chest wall or directly to the exposed heart muscle, to normalize the rhythm of the heart or restart it
The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through the mouth or nose due to muscle contraction and then exhaled due to muscle relaxation.
occurs when the heart stops pumping and can be revived if early medication is given
occurs only after 4-6 minutes of clinical death, brain has irreversible damage from lack of blood flow
myocardial infarction (heart attack)
death of the cells of the myocardium due to oxygen deprivation, caused by obstruction of blood supply of coronary artery or arteries
occurs when the heart malfunctions and stops beating unexpectedly, triggered by an electrical malfunction in the heart that causes an irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia). Seconds later a person becomes unresponsive, death occurs within minutes
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