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a section of a poem demarcated by extra line by spacing


a characterization based on conscious or unconscious assumptions that some one aspect, such as gender, age, ethnic or national identity, religion, occupation, marital status, and so on, are predictably accompanied by certain character traits, actions, even values

stock character

one who appears in a number of stories or plays


the organization or arrangement of the various elements in a work


a distinctive manner of expression; each author's style is expressed through his or her diction, rhythm, imagery and so on. It is a writer's typical way of writing


a person, place, thing, event, or pattern in a literary work that designates itself and at the same time figuratively represents or "stands for" something else


when a part is used to signify a whole


the way words are put together to form phrases, clauses, and sentences. syntax is sentence structure and how it influences the way the reader receives a particular piece of writing

terza rima

a verse consisting of three-line stanzas in which the second line rhymes with the first and third of the next


a generalized, abstract paraphrase of the inferred central or dominant idea or concern of a work


the attitude a literary work takes toward its subject and theme; the tenor of a piece of writing based on particular stylistic devices employed by the writer


a drama in which a character (usually good and noble and of high rank) is brought to a disastrous end in his or her confrontation with a superior force


a metrical form in which each foot consists of stressed syllable followed by an unstressed one

turning point

the third part of plot structure, the point at which the action stops rising and begins falling or reversing


a verse from consisting of nineteen lines divided into six stanzas- five tercets (three line stanza) and one quatrain (four-line stanza)


the acknowledged source of the words of the story; the speaker, the "person" telling the story or poem

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