64 terms

STAAR 5th Grade Vocabulary MEGA SET

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

compare and contrast
identify the similarities and differences between two or more subjects
claim
to assert that something is true and factual
convey
to communicate or express; to make known
argument
reasons used to persuade others that something is right or wrong
3rd person limited
the narrator is an outsider who knows the thoughts and feelings of ONE character only
3rd person objective
The narrator is an outsider who can only report on what he/she sees or hears
root word
The part of the word that remains when prefixes and suffixes are removed.
CANNOT stand alone.
base word
The part of the word that remains when prefixes and suffixes are removed.
CAN stand alone.
3rd person omniscient
the narrator is an outsider who knows the thoughts and feelings of TWO OR MORE characters
suffix
a letter or letters added to the END of a word that changes the word's meaning
(Example: happiNESS, beautiFUL, hopeLESS)
prefix
a letter or letters added to the BEGINNING of a word that chand the word's meaning
(Example: UNhappy, MISinform, DISbelief)
primary
FIRST or MOST IMPORTANT
1st person
the narrator is a character in the story who is telling the story
main idea
the most important point an author is making in a paragraph, section of text, or overall text
analyze
to examine something carefully by looking at all the details
cause and effect
relationship between events where an event has consequences
context clues
words or phrases surrounding a word that provide hints about the word's meaning
caption
sentence(s) that provide information about a graphic such a photograph or chart
idiom
a phrase that means something totally different from its literal meaning
(Example: "Break a leg" means "good luck"
emphasize
refers to an author intentionally making something STAND OUT or SHOW IMPORTANCE in his/her writing
acts
major divisions in a play
figurative language
words and expressions used to make writing more interesting
(EXAMPLES include personification, similes, metaphors, hyperboles, idioms, etc.)
hyperbole
a great EXAGGERATION used to emphasize a point
(Example: It took a million years to complete my homework.)
rhyme scheme
the rhyming pattern in a poem
analogy
compares two things that are mostly different but have some traits in common
(Example: Integrity is to a read shirt is cooperation is to a blue shirt.)
playwright
the person who wrote the play
subheading
a title given to ONE SECTION of an article or text
rhythm
the musical quality (or beat) in a poem created by the poet
stage directions
the instructions in a play that are given to the actors
(usually in parentheses)
personification
something that is not human is described as if it had human abilities
(Example: The moon smiled at the trees below.)
scene
the action that takes place in a part of play that occurs in ONE SETTING and in ONE MOMENT IN TIME
stanza
a group of lines in a poem that form one section of the poem
Conflict
the PROBLEM in a story that exists...
-between characters of another "force"
-within a character (on the inside)
character traits
The qualities shown by a character
inference
the reader uses what he/she already knows (prior knowledge) along with text evidence to draw conclusions
falling action
describes the events in a story AFTER the story's climax and the problem has been solved that lead to closure
biography
true account of a person's life written by another person
climax
the most intense, exciting, or part of a story that occurs before a story ends
foreshadowing
hints that provide clues about future events in a story
resolution
the final outcome of the story in which the main problem or struggle is solved or put to rest
author's purpose
the author's motivation or reason for writing a text
theme
the overall message about life and human nature that the author shares with the reader through the plot
(Example: RACISM in Maniac Magee or KINDNESS in Wonder)
dialogue
written conversation between two or more characters
rising action
describes the events in a story in which the plot is BUILDING towards a climax
alliteration
repetition of sounds at the beginnings of closely connected words
(Example: The swans are swiftly swimming)
imagery
any type of writing that makes it easy to create pictures (visualizations) in a reader's mind
plot
the SEQUENCE OF EVENTS in a story, novel, play, or other text
setting
when and where a story is taking place
sequential
refers to a step-by-step process that appears in the correct order.
consecutive
refers to an order in which one thing happens after another.
chronological
refers to events that occur in a certain order over a period of time.
italics
slanted letters that are usually used to emphasize words or phrases.
primary source
provides evidence about an event or time in history from people who actually experienced it.
secondary source
information created about an event or time in history by someone who didn't actually experience it.
quotation
words or phrases that are taken from someone else and repeated without changing any of the words.
verify
to make sure something is true and accurate.
sensory language
Writing that is easy to visualize by connecting to a person's sight, hearing, smell, taste, and/or, touch.
speaker
The narrator of a poem.
logical
Natural, reasonable, or sensible given the circumstances.
impact
A strong and lasting effect on someone or something.
community
a group of people living in the same place or having a particular characteristic in common.
highlight
To emphasize or make stand out.
convince
cause (someone) to believe firmly in the truth of something.
illustrate
explain or make (something) clear by using examples, charts, pictures, etc.

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