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Ap world: chpt 8
Terms in this set (40)
What was a major development in Chinese society that took shape in the centuries following the collapse if the Han dynasty?
Northren nomads conquered some portions if China
What contributed to the doubling of the Chinese population during the Tang and Song dynastys?
The adoption of a fast- ripening strain of rice from Vietnam
What is a reason that the Tang and Song dynasties are regarded as a "golden age" in china?
The setting of standards of excellence in art and literature
Those who participated in the Chinese tribute system gained...
The opportunity to trade China
What explains why woman's lives were more restricted in the Song dynasty than in the Tang dynasty?
The revival of confucianism
What about the Chinese trbuite system is true?
The chinese government often gave other states gifts that were in fact worth more than the trivute that those states paid to China
China's most enduring and intense interaction with outsiders was with...
The nomadic pastoral peoples of the northren steppes
What describes Korea's relationship with China?
Its capital city of Kumsong was modeled directly on the Chinese capital of Chang'an
What contributed to China's economic revolution during the Tang and Song dynasties?
A complex network of internal waterways that provided cheap transportation
What do the Xiongnu, the Uighurs, the Khitan, and the Jurchen have in common?
All four required China to send them valuable goods in return for not attacking
Chinese interaction with the northren nomads during the Tang dynasty resulted in...
The evolution of a mixed Chinese/ Turkic culture in northren China
In their relations with China, Korea and Japan both...
Sent people to china to study Chinese thought and culture
What best describes Korea's relationship with China in the premodern period?
Korea adopted many elements of Chinese culture while still retaining a distinctive culture and separate political existence.
What was a technological innovation that spread from China to the rest of Eurasia?
What was a factor in the growth of Buddhism in China after 300 C.E.?
Increased disorder following the collapse of the Han dynasty, which discredited confusianism
In the song dynasty China, masculine identity came to be defined in terms of...
Calligraphy, scholarship, painting, and poetry
What was a political contribution to the Tang and Song dynasties?
The construction of a state structure that lasted until the twentieth century
Chinese references to "western barbarians" in the Tang dynasty included which group of people?
How was the tribute system an expression of the Chinese view of themselves and their relationship to the world?
The tribute system requires non-Chinese to acknowledge Chinese superiority and their own subordinate place in a Chinese-centered world order.
The emergence of which practice during the Song dynasty suggests that Chinese women's lives were more restricted than they had been in the Tang dynasty?
What did Korea, Japan, and Vietnam all develop that reflected their unique culture?
Their own writing systems
In what respect was Japan's borrowing of Chinese culture different for the experiences of Korea and Vietnam?
Japan's borrowing was wholly voluntary rather than occurring under conditions of direct military threat or outright occupation.
What is an example of how Chinese inventions stimulated innovations in distant lands?
The Chinese formula for gunpowder triggered the development of cannons in Europe.
The invention of printing in China was linked with which religion?
What shows the effect of the Indian Ocean trade on China?
The transportation of southern China from a subsistence economy to export-ordinated economy
The emergence of the samurai reflected Japan's...
Decentralized political structure
What religion provided an element of cultural commonality for the East Asian region?
What is an example of how Indian Buddhism was modified after its introduction into China?
The buddhist notion if "mortality" was translated with the confucian term for "filial submission and obedience".
How did the changed environment in China in the ninth century affect Buddhism?
Buddhist monasteries came under state control as a xenophobic set in
What does map 8.5 in the textbook reveal about how Buddhism spread?
Buddhism entered Korea via China
In Japan's seventeen article Constitution, the statement that "when the superior acts, the inferior yields compliance" reflects an understanding if the relationship between superiors and inferiors associated with...
According to the fourth-century court official Kitabatake Chikafusa, what made Japan unique?
Japan was a divine country because the Japanese emperor was descended in an unbroken line from the descendants of the Sun Goddess.
In the pillow book, who does Sei Shonagon look down upon with disdain and scorn?
Shina Yoshimasa's instruction "to give up your life for the sake of the sole sovereign, or serving under the commander of the military in a time of need" is associated with...
Imagawa Ryoshun stated "As you do not understand the Arts of Peace your skill in the Arts of War will not, in the end, achieve victory". This statement suggests that the ideal samurai was one who...
Was as adept in literary skills as he was in martial skills
In the painting depiction a banquet with the emperor, who are the other people seated at the table?
In the Tang dynasty painting of elite women surrounding a table, how is the empress distinguished from the other woman?
The empress wears a distinctive headdress
The tenth-century painting of a literary gathering shows...
Scholars and officials engaged in solitary contemplation.
The tenth-century painting entitled the Night Revels of Han Xizai portays woman...
Playing musical instruments
The activities depicted in which painting ran counter to Confucian values?
A literary gathering
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