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learning the prime movers for the ACE certification test

Hip Flexion

iliacus, Psoas Major and Minor (AKA iliopsoas, Rectus Femoris

Hip Extension

Gluteus Maximus, Biceps Femoris, Semitendinosus, Semimembranosous,

Hip External Rotation

Iliopsoas, Gluteus Maximus

Hip Abduction

Gluteus Minimus and Gluteus Medius

Hip Adduction

Adductor Magnus, Adductor brevis, Adductor Longus

Knee Extension

Rectus Femoris, Vastus lateralis, Vastus Medialus, Vastus Intermedius

Knee Flexion

Biceps Femoris, Semitendinosus, Semimembranosous

Knee Internal Rotation

Semitendinosus, Semimembranosus

Knee External Rotation

Biceps Femoris

Dorsiflexion at ankle

Anterior Tibialis


Peroneus longus, Peroneus Brevis, Gastrocnemius, Soleus, Posterior Tibialis

Inversion at foot

Anterior tibialis, Posterior Tibialis

Eversion at foot

Peroneus Brevis, Longus

Flexion of the trunk

Rectus Abdominis

Lateral Flexion of the trunk

Rectus Abdominis, External Oblique, Internal Oblique,

Compresses Abdomen

Transverse Abdominis

Erector Spinae

Extension of Trunk

Wrist Flexors

Flexor Carpi Radialis, Ulnaris

Wrist Extensors

Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus, Extensor Carpi Ulnaris

Flexion at Elbow

Biceps Brachii, Brachialis, brachioradialis, pronator teres

Extension at Elbow

triceps brachii

Supination at forearm

biceps brachii

Pronation at forearm

pronator teres

Flexion at shoulder

Pectoralis Major, Anterior Deltoid,

Extension at shoulder

Latissimus Dorsi, Posterior Deltoid


Whole Deltoid, supraspinatus


Latisimus Dorsi, Pectoralis Major

Internal Rotation

Latisimus Dorsi, Pectoralis Major, anterior deltoid, subscapularis

External Rotation

Posterior Deltoid, Infraspinatus and Teres Minor

Elevation of Scapula

Rhomboid Major and Minor, Levator Scapulae, Upper Trapezius

Depression of Scapula

Lower Trapezius

Adductor of scapula

Rhomboid Major and Minor and Middle Trapezius

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