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Terms in this set (74)
Plants whose seeds are not in a fruit. Usually have cones for reproduction. Have seeds and are vascular.
Plants whose seeds are inside of fruits. Have flowers and fruits. Have seeds and are vascular.
Structures used to anchor mosses to surfaces.
Haploid, or gamete-producing, phase of an organism.
Diploid, or spore-producing, phase of an organism.
Single-celled reproductive bodies made by sporophytes
Underground stems where most ferns grow from.
The leaves of ferns.
Clusters of sporangia on the undersides of ferns
The female cone in a gymnosperm
The male cone in a gymnosperm
Structure that contains the entire male gametophyte in seed plants
The plant structure that contains a young plant inside a protective covering.
The reproductive structure of an angiosperm.
A mature ovary of a flower.
A flower structure that encloses and protects ovules and seeds as they develop.
The part of the stamen that produces pollen and stores it
Female structure of the flower made of ovary, style, and stigma
Supports the anther
Structure that develops into a seed when fertilized
Colorful structure that attracts pollinators
A leaflike structure that encloses the bud of a flower.
Male part of the flower that contains anther and filament
Tip of carpel
Connects stigma to ovary
Structures that absorb water and nutrients and hold a plant in place
Supporting structures of plants that connect roots to leaves
Structures of plants that perform photosynthesis
Root found in some plants that grows longer and thicker than other roots
Several main roots that each branch off to form a mass of roots that are all about the same size
Underground stem that stores starch
Plants that live several years and develop a large amount of wood
Plants that are soft and don't contain wood
A leaf in which the blade is divided into two or more smaller leaflets
A leaf with a single blade
Vascular tissue that transports water
Vascular tissue that transports products of photosynthesis (glucose)
The most common plant cell that stores starch, oil, and water. Have thin walls
A strong and flexible plant cell which provides support. Have unevenly thick walls
The strongest plant cell which is very rigid.
Plant tissue that covers the outside of a plant and protects it.
Plant tissue that makes up much of the inside of a plant and provides support
Type of tissue that transports food and water throughout the plant.
Plant growth in which the length of stems or roots is increased.
Plant growth in which the width of stems is increased.
Areas of growth that lengthen the tips of roots and stems (primary growth)
Areas of growth that increase the thickness of plant parts (secondary growth)
Fibrous material made of dead cells that are part of the vascular system in some plants
The stalk of a leaf, which joins the leaf to a node of the stem.
Evaporation of water from the leaves of a plant
Small openings on the underside of a leaf where gas exchange occurs. Found on the epidermis
Cells that control the opening and closing of stomata
Type of plant that has 2 seed leaves, netlike leaves, petals in mutiples of 4 or 5, and a taproot
Type of plant that has 1 seed leaf, parallel leaves, petals in multiples of 3, and fibrous roots
Animals, wind, water
What are the 3 agents of seed dispersal?
Plants that live for a year, produce seeds, and then die.
Plants that have a 2 year life cycle
Plants that last for more than 2 years
The responses of plants to external stimuli
Substance produced in one part of an organism that affects another part
Plant hormones that stimulates cell elongation
Plant hormones that stimulate cell division and make dormant seeds sprout
Response of a plant to periods of light and dark
Plant response to light
Plant response to touch
Plant response to gravity
A waxy covering on the surface of stems and leaves that prevents water loss
Date lines that determine the age of a tree. Each ring means 1 year
Plant that stores water in its stem or leaves
Plants that cling to a host plant
Plants that drop leaves in autumn and regrow new ones in spring.
Flower that smells like rotten flesh to attract pollinators
Plants that get some or most of their nutrients from trapping and consuming animals.
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