Terms in this set (48)
Greek term meaning "hidden things"
greek word for one who is commissioned to preform a task, "sent"
before common era/ common era
greek word meaning "ruler" or "straight edge"
Alexander the Great
King of Macedonia who conquered Greece, Egypt, and Persia
Spread of Greek culture, language throughout mediterranean
all of the lands conquered by rome and ruled by the roman empire
Herod the Great
ruler of all galilee
Holy of Holies
the innermost part of the jewish temple
greek word for "five scrolls"
A Jewish sect at the time of Jesus known for its strict adherence to the Law.
The act of rising from the dead
A Jewish sect at the time of Jesus known for its strong commitment to the Temple in Jerusalem.
Jewish place of worship
The holy place in Jerusalem where Jewish people gathered to worship God
Sacrament by which God cleanses all sin, and one becomes a member of the church.
most important and widely celebrated annual festival of jews in roman times, commemorating the exodus from egypt
The Roman governor of Judea. Although he found Jesus guilty of nothing, he sentenced him to death by crucifixion.
John the Baptist
latin word meaning "blessings"
Gospel and gospel
(uppercase G) a biblical book that narrates the meaning of the life of Jesus; (lowercase g) the good news that God saves the world through Jesus; a style of American religious music characterized by simple melody and harmony and rigorous beat
problem of explaining the similarities and differences between the three synoptic gospels
The lands around the Mediterranean from the time of Alexander the Great to the Emperor Constantine
document, written or oral that no longer survives but provided traditions for Luke
document, written or oral that no longer survives but provided traditions for mark
The view that Mark was the first of the Synoptic Gospels to be written and was one of the sources used by Matthew and Luke
Matthew, Mark, Luke
Four Source Hypothesis
A solution to the "Synoptic Problem" that maintains that there are four sources that lie behind the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke: (1) Mark was the source for much of the narrative of Matthew and Luke; (2) Q was the source for the sayings found in Matthew and Luke but not in Mark; (3) M provided the material found only in Matthew's Gospel; and (4) L provided the material found only in Luke.
Son of God
person born to God
Son of Man
comes judge sent from heaven at the end of time
source used by matthew and luke for the stories they share, German word Quelle meaning "source"
A theme in the Gospel of Mark that portrays the disciples and others as recognizing Jesus' identity as the Messiah. However, Jesus directed them not to tell anyone else.
a type of writing that focuses on the characteristics of an individual rather than on the events and historicity of their life. (In contrast to the modern biography.)
reasoned explanation and justification of ones belief and practices, greek word meaning "defense"
"contrary statements", term to designate six sayings of jesus on mount sermon which states jewish law
worldview held by many ancient Jews and christians that maintained that the present age is controlled by evil forces, but will be destroyed at the end of time
device used by matthew in which he states that something experienced or done by jesus, "fulfilled"
"do unto others as you would have them do unto you", found in matthews sermon on the mount
Sermon on the Mount
found only in matthew 5-7, consists of beatitudes, antithesis, and lords prayer
the third Person of the Holy Trinity
The person to whom "Luke" addressed both of his volumes, the Gospel and the book of Acts. Scholars debate whether Theophilus was a real person - possibly a highly placed Roman administrator - or whether the name was instead symbolic. It literally means either "beloved of God" or "lover of God." If symbolic, it would refer to the Christian individuals or communities who were the author's intended audience.
most important and widely celebrated festival of jews in roman times