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Health Knowledge Bowl: Questions Part Two
Terms in this set (57)
Name the body plane that divides the body into right and left sides.
Sagittal, Median, Midsagittal
Melanoma is a cancer originating in which body system?
Where are erythrocytes produced?
Red Marrow, Bone Marrow
Dysuria, hematuria and lower back pain are symptoms of cystitis. What is cystitis?
Inflammation of the bladder
Chemical substances secreted by the endocrine glands are called?
Diastole : ventricular relaxation. __?__ : ventricular contraction
Name the three sections of the small intestine
Duodenum, Jejunum, Ileum
The mitral valve connects what two structures?
Left Atrium and Left Ventricle
Name the three main types of muscle.
Cardiac, Smooth/Visceral, Skeletal
Respiration is controlled by the respiratory center in which part of the brain?
Otitis media is an inflammation of the middle ear. What is the name of the procedure of cutting
into the tympanic membrane to relieve pressure and allow fluid drainage from the area?
This inflammatory disease of the central nervous system presents as sudden onset of high fever,
headache, stiff neck, delirium, convulsions, and can quickly lead to death. The CDC recommends
vaccination against it. What is the name of this potentially fatal disease?
Facial expressions such as a frown or a scowl are examples of what type of communication?
Write the meaning of the doctor's order "NPO p MN"
Nothing by mouth after midnight
What does the abbreviation "DNR" mean?
Do not resuscitate, do not perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation
Write the proper medical term and abbreviation for the recording of electrical activity of the heart.
Electrocardiogram, ECG or EKG
What is the proper term for a surgical puncture to remove fluid from the chest?
Three essential elements of communication are sender, message, and receiver. Name three physical disabilities that act as barriers to clear communication between the sender and receiver.
Deafness/Hearing Loss, Blindness/Impaired vision, Aphasia/Speech Impairments
In 1946 a new division of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services was created, and employed a group of entomologists and engineers with previous experience studying malaria. What is the current full name of this Atlanta-based governmental agency concerned with causes, spread, and control of diseases in populations?
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Name a group of Americans who are eligible to receive Medicare insurance benefits.
Most individuals over age 65, Disabled person who has received social security for at least 2 years, Person with end-stage renal disease.
What is the term for a graphic that shows how each department fits into the system and
identifies the line of authority within the health care facility called?
What is the name of the federal government method of reimbursing health care facilities for medicare and medicaid expenses, established in 1983 to attempt to contain the cost of health care. Under this plan reimbursement is based on an approved grouping of medical conditions, the reasonable cost for each condition, and its standard treatment. (Do not use the abbreviation)
Diagnostic Related Groups
Federal government involvement in health care decisions is common. The Supreme Court
recently in a 6-3 decision cancelled a provision that exempts medical users from federal prosecution. Medical users of what?
Marijuana or Medical-marijuana
Health care workers must be able to identify with and understand another person's feelings, situation, and motives. What is the name for this essential quality of a health care worker?
Employers will ask applicants for a list of contacts who can verify the accuracy and honesty of
the resume and application data. What are these contacts called?
During an interview you may be asked to provide proof of work eligibility. Name two types of
proof of identity accepted by employers.
Driver's license, Photo ID, Birth Certificate, Social Security Card, Passport, Immigration Card
Essential job-keeping skills include reporting to work on time, having a positive attitude, being willing to learn, teamwork, and accepting responsibility for your actions. What is the appropriate action to take if you make a mistake in the workplace?
Report it to your supervisor immediately, make every effort to correct error
What is the primary purpose of a letter of application or a cover letter?
To obtain an interview
A confused, elderly patient falls out of the hospital bed after the nursing assistant leaves the
side rail down. The failure of the nursing assistant to provide expected care resulted in injury.
What is this an example of?
What is the name for a written document that allows an individual to state what medical
treatment he wants or does not want if he becomes incapacitated and can't express his wishes regarding medical care?
Advanced Directive, Living Will
Health care records are considered privileged, confidential and legal documents. HIPAA is the
abbreviation of the federal government privacy act of 1996 that protects patient records. What does "HIPAA" stand for? (Use current wording)
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
You are working in an emergency department when you note that a pediatric patient is withdrawn, has poor hygiene, an unexplained fracture to the arm, and bruises to her torso. What do these signs/symptoms indicate the possibility of?
Physical Abuse or Child Abuse
A licensed nurse administers an inappropriate dose of a medication which the average nurse with similar training and experience would clearly have known was not correct. This failure to perform to the standard of a professional nurse is an example of what?
Talking about patients in the cafeteria is a breach in?
Failure to provide equal care between AIDS patients and cancer patients due to prejudice is a breach in?
Most professions have developed a list of what the profession considers to be a standard of conduct or what the members of that profession accept as morally right and good conduct. These lists often include things such as saving life and promotion of health above all else, respect the patient's choices etc. This list written by the health professions is called what?
Code of Ethics
Values such as demonstrating a spirit of service, performing your duties with excellence, treating all patients and co-workers fairly, arriving at work on time, calling in sick only when truly ill are examples of what?
Gloves, gowns, and protective eyewear are examples of personal protective equipment. Name the government agency that establishes and enforces standards that protect workers from job-related injuries and illnesses, such as wearing personal protective equipment.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
A microorganism that causes disease is called a
Keeping your back straight, bending from the knees, and turning your whole body in one motion when moving a patient are three basic rules of what?
Proper Body Mechanics
A patient contracts a urinary tract infection as a result of a contaminated catheter insertion
while in the hospital. What is the name of an infection acquired in a health care facility?
When performing CPR, where do you check for a pulse on an infant?
According to American Red Cross Community First Aid training, what does the pneumonic "FAST" stand for when recognizing signs of a stroke?
What is the process that destroys all microorganisms, both pathogenic and nonpathogenic,
including spores and viruses?
OSHA requires that employers inform employees of all chemicals and hazards in the workplace. Hazardous products must have information provided about the product identification,
precautions to use when handling the chemical, etc. What is the name of the document to
inform employees of these hazards?
Material Safety Data Sheet
The acronym "RICE" is used in American Red Cross Community First Aid training as a way to
remember treatment steps for muscle, bone, and joint injuries. What does "RICE" stand for?
Hepatitis B and HIV are examples of viruses. Name the other four classes of microorganisms?
Bacteria, Protozoa, Fungi, Rickettsiae
What is the term for many professionals with varying levels of education, backgrounds, and
interests working together for the benefit of the patient?
Teamwork, Health Care Team
Members of your health care team may come from very different backgrounds of race, gender, ethnicity, religion, and political views. What term describes these differences?
Describe two responsibilities of a leader of a team.
Organizing and coordinating the team's activities
Encouraging all team members to share their ideas
Motivating team members to work toward established goals
Assisting to work through problems
Monitoring the progress of the team
Write two benefits of teams over working as an individual
More opinions result in better care
Share the work load
Utilize the strengths of team members
When considering the health care team, who is considered to be the center of the team?
The patient or the patient and his/her family
Hospitals require employees to receive influenza vaccines annually. What type of wellness care are immunizations examples of?
Disease Prevention, Preventative health care, physical wellness
Biofeedback, acupuncture, and reflexology are examples of what types of health care?
Alternative or Complimentary Therapies
Taking a walk, counting to 10, and meditation are three examples of what kind of health maintenance practice?
Positive stress management techniques, Stress management, Relaxation techniques
How does the World Health Organization define health?
The state of physical, mental, and social well-being
Adequate rest is frequently considered a part of healthy living habits. How much sleep is
appropriate for the average adult?
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