IB SL Organic Chemistry
Terms in this set (41)
Groups of organic compounds with the same general formula (same functional group) that differ by a -CH2 group. They have similar chemical and physical properties.
The study of carbon compounds.
A compound made of carbon and hydrogen
A hydrocarbon with only single bonds between carbons
A hydrocarbon with a least one double bond between carbons
A hydrocarbon with a least one triple bond between carbons
A group/branch coming off the parent chain
A substituent made of only carbons and hydrogens
Compounds with the same molecular formula (same number of atoms of each element) but different structural formulas (connected in a different order), and therefore a different name.
A compound that contains only single bonds between carbons (full of the maximum number of hydrogens per carbon)
A compound that contains at least one double bond, triple bond, or a ring between carbons (not full of the maximum number of hydrogens per carbon)
An atom or group of atoms that gives characteristic properties to the compound
Halogen functional group; name halogen as prefix (ex. chloro-)
-OH (hydroxyl) functional group; name ends in -ol
The carbon containing the functional group is attached to one other carbon
The carbon containing the functional group is attached to two other carbons
The carbon containing the functional group is attached to three other carbons
Single bonded oxygen in the middle of the hydrocarbon chain; named by naming alkyl group on either side of the oxygen (alphabetically) followed by the word ether
Carbon double bonded to an oxygen
Carbon double bonded to an oxygen on the end of the hydrocarbon chain; name ends in -al
Carbon double bonded to an oxygen NOT on the end of the hydrocarbon chain; name ends in -one
Carbon double bonded to an oxygen and on the same carbon there is a hydroxyl group ( -OH); name ends in -oic acid
Carbon double bonded to an oxygen and the same carbon is also single bonded to an oxygen; name ends in -oate
Nitrogen single bonded to a carbon; name ends in -amine
Hydrocarbon reacting with enough oxygen to produce carbon dioxide and water (and energy)
Hydrocarbon reacting with not enough oxygen to produce carbon dioxide, water, carbon and carbon monoxide
Reaction in which one bond of a carbon-carbon double bond breaks and something new is attached to each carbon
Addition reaction with H2, results in an alkene turning into an alkane
Addition reaction with a halogen (X2), results in an alkene turning into a dihaloalkane
Addition reaction with a hydrohalogen (HX), results in an alkene turning into a haloalkane
Addition reaction with water (HOH), results in an alkene turning into an alcohol
A long chain molecule made of many repeating smaller molecules
A small molecule that can join other molecules over and over to create a chain of repeating molecules
A reaction where one atom (or group of atoms) is replaced with another
A highly reactive species that contains an unpaired electron.
The breaking of a covalent bond in which one electron stays with each species that made up the bond.
Continuing the free radical substitution mechanism; free radical reactions create other free radicals
First step in the free radical substitution of alkanes mechanism. Homolytic fission (using UV light) creates free radicals
Last step in the free radical substitution mechanism; free radicals are used up and the reaction ends
Reaction of an alcohol with an oxidizing agent to become either an aldehyde, carboxylic acid or ketone
condensation (esterification) reaction
Reaction of an alcohol and carboxylic acid to create an ester and water
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