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OGT Social Studies
Everything you need to know to score a 400 on the Social Studies OGT.
Terms in this set (58)
A movement of ideas that occurred in Europe between 1680 and 1790. Attempted to apply reason to understand, explain and even change the world.
Change in the way things were made. Made in factories by machines instead of at home by hand.
People moved from rural areas to cities in order to be closer to factories.
One country taking over another country.
TREATY OF VERSAILLES
Treaty to end WWI. Was very harsh towards Germany.
LEAGUE OF NATIONS
Peace keeping organization after WWI. Was unsuccessful.
Economic decisions are made by individuals or the open market.
Economic decisions are shared by the government and the people.
Economic decisions are made by the government.
Economic decisions are made by customs, religion, and other ideas handed down generation to generation.
Form of government in which the king/queen has all of the power.
Form of government in which the king/queen's power is limited.
Form of government ruled by religious leaders.
Form of government in which the leader usually takes over by military force and has all of the power.
Form of government in which people vote for most things, including the leader.
Form of government in which people vote for the legislative body, which in turn selects the prime minister.
Taxes on imports.
PLESSY V. FERGUSON
"separate but equal" is OK
BROWN V. BOARD OF EDUCATION
"separate but equal" is not equal. Integrated the schools.
UNIVERSITY OF CAL. V. BAKKE
Diversity in schools is good, but racial quotas may not be used.
Wilson's plan for peace following WWI.
When one company completely dominates an industry.
Fear of communism in the U.S. during the 1920's
Moving INTO a new country to settle.
Moving OUT of a country to settle in another.
Saying things that you know are lies is not freedom of speech.
Printing things that are lies is not freedom of the press.
Group fighting for African American rights.
Means "the right to vote."
Movement of African Americans from the South to the North for jobs.
Hands off. No government intervention in business.
Reform group who tried to end child labor and limit the power of big businesses.
Reform group who represented the farmers.
Created in response to horrible working conditions. Fought for a better pay and better working conditions.
A literary and artistic movement in the 1920s in which African Americans brought their culture to the North.
JIM CROW LAWS
State laws in the South that legalized segregation.
Gave women the right to vote.
Lowered the voting age from 21 to 18.
4 Causes of WWI
High payments Germany had to make because it lost WWI.
Giving in to Hitler's demands in hopes he would be satisfied and prevent a war.
US naval base that was attacked which led to the United States' involvement in WWII.
The United States' stance on foreign policy after WWI. Basically if a conflict did not involve us, we were staying out of it.
The United States' plan to offer European countries financial assistance to set up democracies.
The United States' pledge to fight the spread of communism at all costs.
The United States' policy of preventing the spread of communism.
Battle between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. between democracy and communism.
Alliance of democratic nations following WWII.
Alliance of communist dictatorships following WWII.
Peace keeping organization created after WWII. The US joined this organization.
Fear of communism in the United States following WWII.
The fear that if Vietnam fell to communism, so would the surrounding countries.
Hitler's mass extermination of the Jews and other undesirables.
New nations created for Jews fleeing Europe during WWII.
During the cold War, the Soviet Union wanted new countries to set up this type of government.
KOREAN & VIETNAM WARS
Two specific Cold War wars in which the north was communist and the U.S. helped the democratic south.
The United States' response to the Soviet Union's blockade of West Berlin.
Battle between the U.S. and the Soviet Union to put a man in space. Sign of superiority.
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