Unit 1-4 Agriscience Study Guide
Terms in this set (...)
Application of scientific principles and new technologies in agriculture. Ex: controlling crop pests
Food, fiber, and environmental systems
Commercial firms that stem from agriculture. Ex: local tractor business
Uses principles learned in biology, chemistry and physics in a practical way
Uses technology with living processes
Care and Management of Livestock, Companion, and Specialty Animals
Design, operation, maintenence, service, selling and use of power units, machinery equipment structures and utilities
Producing, processing and marketing fruits, vegetables and ornamental plants
Using soil and plant science to manage land and produce crops
Conducts hundreds of surveys every year and prepares reports covering virtually every aspect of U.S. Agriculture
Invented the cotton gin to remove the cottonseed from the cotton fiber
Developed crop rotations and the use of legumes
George Washington Carver
Invented the corn picker, which allowed for quicker and more efficient harvesting
Dramatically changed the raising of livestock by inventing barbed wire
Invented the tractor, replaced the mule for horsepower
Changed the dairy industry by replacing hand milking with the milk machine
Invented the reaper to cut grain in the field
Improved the iron plow by creating the steel moldboard plow
Percentage of the U.S. workforce on the field
Established to teach agriculture and military tactics and do agricultural research. Ex: 1862 LSU 1890 Southern University and Land Grant College
Land Grant Universities
Management of wetlands, rangelands, water, fish and waterlife
Renewable Natural Resource
Works with landowners through conservation planning and assistance designed to benefit the soil, water, air, plants and animals that result in productive lands and healthy ecosystems
manages public lands in national forests and grasslands
provides educational services and assistance in various areas of agriculture
allowed many countries to become self sufficient in food production in the 1960s by utilizing improved varieties and practices
The world's most important source of vegetable oil
Found in the same states because the crop feeds the animals that this meat product comes from
Cattle/Beef and Corn
Area with the most turkeys
Area with the most dairy
Area with the most apples and Christmas trees
Hunger and starvation, not knowing where the next meal will come from.
Producer is within 50 miles to consumer.
Local Food Movement
To be regarded as safe, a sewage system must...
decompose human waste
Safe water is...
free of harmful chemicals and organisms
Apartments on one level in large buildings and owned by residents are called...
The world's food production capability indicates that...
It could feed itself in theory, but not in practice
Contaminants of food and water include
registered pesticides, contact by cockroaches, and feces and urine
Although plants cannot move to food and water, they survive because of...
their roots, which extract water from any material
The world's population is projected to increase to 7 billion people by...
Agriscience in the United States...
is being replaced by biotechnology
Agriculture development would be described as...
very rapid in the United States in recent years
The inventor of the iron plow was...
The combine is a combination of the reaper and a...
"Yellow jewel" is the name given by the Chinese to...
Beltsville Small White is a...
breed of turkey
The great advance in world food production in the 1960s was called the...
receives and treats human waste
water that is free of harmful chemicals and disease-causing organisms
unsafe to drink because it contains waste materials, chemicals, or unhealthful organisms
a building with many individually owned living areas or units.
a row of houses connected by common side walls
adding material that will change the purity or usefulness of a substance
organisms that live on or inside other organisms as no benefit to the hosts.
a six-legged animal with three body segments
tree or other plant is not affected by the presence of harmful insects
a machine to cut small grain
a machine that cuts and threshes plants in a single operation
plow with a curved bottom that will turn prairie soils. Made by John Deere
Separated the cotton seeds from the cotton fiber. Invented by Eli Whitney
Removes ears of corn from the stock. Invented by Edmund W. Quincy
Wire with sharp points to discourage livestock from touching fences. Invented by Joseph Glidden.
To replace hand milking. Milks cows and goats. Invented by Anna Baldwin.
source of power for belt-driven machines, as well as for pulling. Invented by Benjamin Holt
a plant that hosts nitrogen-fixing bacteria
a Chinese food made by boiling and crushing soybeans, coagulating the resulting soy milk, and pressing the curds into desired shapes.
a popular potato variety of the 1930s
a superior baking potato bred to grow well in the Northeast
a baking potato variety best adapted for growth in sandy volcanic soils
a can with contents under pressure
Beltsville Small White
a breed of turkey that weighs only 8 to 12 lb at maturity
a process whereby many countries became self-sufficient in food production in the 1960s by using improved plant varieties and proven management practives
any edible material used for animals
mating adults who have characteristics desired in the offspring
movement of genes from one cell to another
natural substances in blood that fight diseases and infections
an infection of the milk-secreting glands of cattle, goats, and other milk-producing animals.
a disease that costs poultry growers nearly $300 million per year
a popular, easy-to-grow, summer-flowering plant.
the offspring of a plant or animal derived from the crossing of two different species or varieties
occurs when a nutrient is not available in the amounts that are needed for optimum growth
devices used to determine wavelengths given off by plants
Improvement by Selection
Picking the best parents for the next generation.
Mating adults who have characteristics from parent to offspring.
The biology of heredity.
Transmission of characteristics from parent to offspring.
Components of cells that determine the characteristics of living things.
The collective offspring of common parents.
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
Coded genetic material in a cell.
Movement of genes from one cell to another.
Original name for deoxyribonucleic acid.
Genetic material that connects strands of DNA.
The process of identifying the location of a specific gene on a chromosome.
A base in genes designated by the letter G.
A base in genes designated by the letter A.
A base in genes designated by the letter C.
A base in genes designated by the letter T.
The process of removing and inserting genes in cells.
Recombinant DNA Technology
Finding and recording the locations of genes in a cell.
Bacteria that retard frost formation on plant leaves.
Compound that causes marked bacteria to turn blue.
Bovine Somatotropin (BST)
Hormone that stimulates increased milk production in cows.
Porcine Somatotropin (PST)
Hormone that increases meat production in swine.
Chemical used to control blood sugar levels.
Farming and Ranching.
Agriscience Processing, Products, and Distribution
Industry that hauls, grades, processes, packages, and markets commodities from production sources.
The science of producing, processing, and marketing fruits, vegetables, and ornamental plants.
Industry that grows, manages, and harvests trees for lumber, poles, posts, panels, and many other commodities.
Agriscience Supplies and Services
Businesses that sell supplies and agencies that provide services for people in agriscience.
Design, operation, maintenance, service, selling, and use of power units, machinery, equipment, structures, and utilities in agriculture.
Occupation requiring an education, especially law, medicine, teaching, or the ministry.
Professional jobs dealing with agriscience situations.
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