Chapter 3 and 4 Study Cards
Terms in this set (27)
Introduction to the Constitution
sections of the Constitution that talk about the powers of the branches
Rule by the people
This means that the government can only do things that the people said it can do
Rule of Law
No one is above the law
Separation of Powers
the division of power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government
Checks and Balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to make sure one branch does not become too powerful
to reject; The president can veto a bill if they do not like it.
The power of the courts to declare laws unconstitutional
A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
change to the Constitution
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
Informal Changes to the Constitution
In Marbury v. Madison-1803- the Supreme Court declared that the federal courts had the power to block the actions of the national government if it is against the Constitution
Texas v. Johnson
First Amendment/Freedom of Speech/symbolic speech - flag burning is protected speech
United States v. Eichman
Declared Flag Protection Act, which made flag-burning illegal, unconstitutional, 1990
Divison of powers
Assigning some powers to the federal gov't and others to the States.
Powers specifically given to the federal government by the US Constitution, for example, the authority to print money.
powers that congress has that are specifically listed in the constitution
powers that congress has that are NOT stated in the constitution
Inherent Powers: These powers belong to the National Government only. The Constitution does not have these powers written in them
Ex: controlling immigration, to protect the country, to get new land
Powers given to the state government alone
powers that can only be used by the national government
powers shared by the national and state governments
Constitution is the supreme law of the land
Full Faith and Credit Clause
Constitution's requirement that each state accept the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other state
An agreement among two or more states. Congress must approve most such agreements.
Privileges and Immunities Clause
prevents a state from treating citizens of other states in a discriminatory manner.