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History: Chapter 7.1
Terms in this set (32)
What government did Americans want to be stronger?
How many states wrote a new constitution after the revolution?
11 out of the 13
A written plan of government
What two states did not want a new constitution?
rhode Island and Connecticut
When writing the constitution, what was in it?
Lessened the power of the governors which gave most power to the state legislators elected by people
The governor served as the states executive
Governors appointed state officials
More people were allowed to vote after the revolution then in colonial times
What was in Virginia's bill of rights?
Freedom of religion
Trial by jury
Freedom from cruel and unusual punishment
Freedom of press
Person who runs the government and sees that the laws are carried out
Articles of confederation
Plan for the nation as a whole and it had to be approved by all 13 states
When did congress adopt articles of confederations?
What forms of government did government propose?
Government would on,y have one branch/1 house legislative
All states would be equal in congress with one vote
9 states had to agree on a law before it went into affect
What were the limits to congress?
Congress could not regulate trade or collect taxes
What could congress do?
Deal with foreign nations
Deal with natives outside the 13 states
Declare war with foreign nations
Borrow money or coin money
Coin money is to
Some states would not approve the articles unless what?
Until states stopped claiming land in the west of the Appalachia's mountains
Who was the last state to give up theirs western land?
a person who measures land
the surveyors turned the public lands to what?
within each township, there would be...
another gird with 1 mile on each side
how much would 36 sections be sold for?
1 dollar an acer
6 miles on each side
why did they want Americans to move to the west?
they wanted Americans to settle in the western lands
what was the northwest land ordinance of 1787?
it was the same land in the Ohio river
what was the three step process that was made for this land ordinance?
congress appointed a governor, secretary, and 3 judges when a territory was being settled
the territory could elect a legislative once it had 5,000 free adult males
the territory could ask to become a state once the free population was 60,000 adults
what did the northwest ordinance grant?
it granted basic civil rights on all citizens
slavery was also banned in the south west region
What were the 3 economic problems?
each states set it's own trade policy and set taxes on goods brought in from other states under the articles which discourages interstate trade for states with no industries. each state had its own money which makes trade hard. central government did not have the ability to tax. this meant they didn't have much money to pay people.
why did other countries view America as weak?
they viewed them as weak because they had no monarchy
where were British troops still present?
why didn't Spain let America ship products down the Mississippi river?
Spain was afraid that America would take over Spain territory
what was shay's rebellion?
it started when there was an economic depression in the 1780's. wages for the workers stopped or dropped. unemployment happens. farmers couldn't pay taxes so the government takes their land. in august 1786, Daniel shay les an uprising 1,000 farmers. MA called a militia. leaders of the rebellion are arrested but not executed.
who does the economic depression affect the most?
what were the effects of shay's rebellion?
causes America to think they need a stronger government and calls for a constitutional convention to be held which reworks the ideas from the articles for confederation.
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