ITE HTML review
Terms in this set (61)
A structure that allows devices known as nodes or hosts to be linked together to share information and services
A host that provides information or service
A network host that provides printing services to the network
A host that provides storage space for saving and retrieving files
A computer or device that receives the service
Several clients access information provided by one or more servers
LAN (local area network)
Covers a small geographic area such as a building or department
WAN (wide area network)
Covers a wide area such as several buildings or cities
What is the largest WAN?
A method of organization in which data sources are interconnected through a series of links or hyperlinks that users can activate to jump from one piece of information do another
What system makes it easy for researchers to locate and share data on the CERN network with minimal training and support?
Every document on the World Wide Web
Where webpages are stored to later be retrieved
Retrieves webpages from Web servers
What language are webpages written in?
Hypertext markup language
Describes the content and structure of the document by identifying or tagging different elements in a document
HTML is a ______ language
Standard generalized markup language
What was SGML?
The first popular markup language
True or false: SGML created HTML?
World Wide Web Consortium
What did the W3C do?
Created a set of standards from browser manufacturers to follow
Extensible markup language
What is XML?
A compact offshoot of SGML that used to define new markup languages known as XML vocabularies
True or false: a document based on an XML vocabulary is forced to obey specific rules for content and structure to avoid being rejected as invalid?
True or false: HTML allows for a wide variety in syntax between one HTML document and another?
Extensible hypertext markup language
What is XHTML and who developed it?
A stricter version of HTML developed by W3C
Why was XHTML developed?
To confront some of the problems associated with the various competing versions of HTML and to better integrate HTML with other markup languages
True or false: XHTML 2.0 is backward compatible with earlier versions of HTML?
The exact appearance of each page element that's described in a separate document
Specifies the appearance of different HTML elements within each browser
Distinct items in the webpage
Mark each element within the HTML file
Two-sided tag set
Used when an element contains text or another element
Marks a paragraph
Marks content that should be emphasized within the browser
Empty element an element that does not enclose content
What is an empty element marked with?
A one-sided tag
Marks a line break
Specify the use behavior and the appearance of an element
Blank spaces, tabs, and linebreaks found within a file.
True or false: you insert the attribute within the elements opening tag
Rules that govern how code should be entered
True or false: the top element in the HTML hierarchy is the HTML element?
The head element contains what?
General information about the document
The body element contains what?
All of the content that appears in the rendered webpage
Indicates the type of markup language used in the document
What uses doctype?
Programs that examine document code to ensure that it meets all the syntax requirements of the specified language
When browsers decide which mode they should use to render a document
When a doctype is included what mode do browsers render the webpage in?
If no doctype is provided what mode do browsers render the document in?
The comment tag uses the syntax:
Identifies different page divisions
Define the major sections of a webpage in HTML5
Aside element marks...
Indicates that any markup tags in a document should be considered part of the XHTML language
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