31 terms

BJU World History Chapter 18


Terms in this set (...)

enclosure movement
fencing in common grazing lands by wealthy landowners, decreased the number of small farms in England
Textiles (cotton)
industry in which the Industrial Revolution got its start
factory system changes for the workers
- workers moved into urban environments -workers no longer controlled their own working hours - the worker preformed his job while separated from his family
Henry Bessemer
responsible for inexpensive and efficient process for making steel
John McAdam
English entrepreneur in building roads
contributions to the industrial growth in Europe and America
automation, division of labor, & the assembly line
Great Britain
nation that lead the way in social reform
William Wilberforce
led the antislavery movement in English Parliament
Corn Laws
established high tariff on imported grain so that English would by domestic grain
wealthy landowners
Prior to 1832, voting in England was limited to these people
Queen Victoria
British monarch that had the longest reign in British history up to the time of this chapter
Chartism advocated reform in what area?
welfare state
a state in which the gov't assumes the responsibility for the material and social well-being of every individual
characteristics of socialism
1. gov't owns the means of production and the distribution of goods 2. Emphasized the group rather than the individual 3. Replaces individual initiative with collectivism
Karl Marx called this a drug used by the ruling class to keep workers in subjection
According to Marx, the capitalist exploitation of workers could only be solved by this means
Charles Dickens
Realist novelist who gave vivid descriptions of the bleak conditions of industrial cities and debtors' prisons
French impressionist painter, focus on color and light, "Water Lilies"
C. H. Spurgeon
evangelist called "the Prince of Preachers"
Pierre and Marie Curie
discovered radioactive matter
Charles Darwin
known for his theory of evolution
one of the foremost sculptors of the 19th century, "The Thinker"
Richard Arkwright
Father of the Industrial Revolution
Henry Ford
one of the first American auto makers to use the assembly line
reasons why the British lead the way in the Industrial Revolution
1. Adequate food supply 2. Large and mobile labor force 3. expansion of trade
Dwight L. Moody
led evangelistic campaigns in Britain and America
George Mueller
founded orphanages in Bristol, England
composer of impressionistic music
Van Gogh
Post-Impressionist painter, concentrated on lines; forerunner of expressionism
Russian novelist