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American Government: Test 2
Terms in this set (62)
How are federal judges elected and how long do they serve?
The president and senate assign them (judicial power) and they serve for life
Who are the Arkansas Senators?
Joe Boozman and Mark Pryor
How many members are in the House and how long do they serve?
435, 2 years, elected all at once
Who is the Speaker of the House?
Who is the Minority Party Leader?
Maintain contact with party leader
How many members are in the Senate and how long do they serve, when are they elected?
100 members, 6 year terms, ⅓ elected every two years
Who is the President Officer?
Who is the tie breaker?
President Officer, Joe Biden
Who is the Majority Party Leader?
Who is the Minority Party Leader of the Senate?
A legislator who sees himself as elected to represent the interest of the district
Execution or enforcement of the laws
These agencies provide particular services to citizens
Agencies and bureaus charged with imposing regulations nearly always intended to safeguard the public's welfare
Enables governments to impose minimum standards and qualifications in certain areas of activity
All major us departments maintain administrative courts within their organizational structures
Decide when laws should be enforced when law is ambiguous
When a bureaucratic agency is authorized to engage in broadly-enforced activities such as "protect the public welfare", rules the administrators make to comply are policies within themselves
Elected officials often consult them for their advice on particular technical troubling issues, congress asks the body
Who do you think advices the President most in policy and administrative decisions?
The White House Staff
President Theo Rose in an attempt to break up the large industrial corporations that amazed enormous power and influence decided that the office of the President would sue the monopolistic...the constitution doesn't explicitly state prohibit the president from filing a suit
Which article discusses the president?
How many years do state judges serve?
Depends on state
What is the supreme law of the land?
How is the cabinet chosen?
Appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate
When president veto's something after congress has adjourned
Line Item Veto
Veto's individual lines or items within a piece of legislation without vetoing the entire bill- unconstitutional
A signing statement is a pronouncement issued by the president at the time a bill passed by congress is signed into law
Crimes are considered 'social evils' and threats to entire community. The state brings these claims instead of the victim
Focuses on punishment of wrongdoer; family, wills, contracts
Dealt by administrative law judges like bureaucratic agencies
Includes treaties and customs
If you want to run for Representative you must be:
a 7 year citizen and at least 25 years of age
If you want to run for Senator you must be:
9 year citizen, 30 years old
A legislator who sees himself or herself as elected to pursue the best interest of the nation
Somewhere in the middle, usually votes their own view
Committees in each house of Congress that handle bills in different policy areas
Committees that draw their membership from both Senate and house
Committees that are formed when the Senate and House pass a particular bill in different forms. Members from each house come together and iron out differences and bring back a single bill
Committees appointed for a specific purpose, such as the Watergate investigation
Proposed law by a congress person, drafted in legal language
Writ of Certiorari
When the Supreme Court agrees to hear a case. usually this is done via "rule of four" (4 justice agree to hear the case)
How many courts does the Supreme Court have?
How many courts does the Us Court of Appeals have?
How many supreme court judges are there?
How many courts does the Us district court have?
High energy, active, productive
Not a lot of effort, likes job
Work intensely, don't like it
Don't put much energy and don't like it
Chief Administrator, Commander in Chief, Chief Foreign Policy Maker
Chief Administrator Powers
Responsible for agencies at the national level and the implementation of national policy
Commander in Chief Powers
Chief Foreign Policy Maker Powers
Negotiate treaties confirmed by senate and meet with foreign ambassadors
A legal contract with a foreign country that requires only a presidential signature
Give congress information of the state of the union, convene congress, adjourn a dispute, veto
Not very serious; traffic violations, punishable by fines
Somewhat serious; gambling, larger fines or short jail sentence
Very Serious, murder, time in prison
Types of Courts
Trial/District -> Appeals -> Supreme
Senate refuses to confirm a presidential appointment by the senator from the states presidents party
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