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AP Language - Literary and Rhetorical Terms
Terms in this set (37)
describes ideas and qualities, rather than observable or specific things
a fallacy that attacks the person rather than dealing with the real issue in dispute
A story in which each aspect of the story has a symbolic meaning outside the tale itself.
[Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers]
Repetition of initial consonant sounds
An indirect reference to another work of literature, person, or event
An event or situation that may be interpreted in more than one way.
A comparison of two different things that are similar in some way
[Example: Martin Luther King's famous "I Had a Dream" Speech]
The repetition of words or phrases at the beginning of consecutive lines or sentences
A brief narrative that focuses on a particular incident or event.
A brief explanation, summary, or evaluation of a text or work of literature.
A balancing of two opposite or contrasting words, phrases, or clauses.
Repetition of a vowel sound within two or more words in close proximity
[Example: X, Y, Z (not X, Y, and Z)]
A construction in which elements are presented in a series without conjunctions
Arguments that draw on recognized experts or persons with highly relevant experience.
Support or evidence for a claim in an argument
Construction in which both halves of the sentence are about the same length and importance, sometimes used to emphasize contrast.
[Often called circular reasoning]
Occurs when the believability of the evidence depends on the believability of the claim.
Begging the Question
Form of argumentation in which the writer claims that one thing results from another, often used as part of a logical argument.
Arrangement of repeated thoughts in the pattern of X Y Y X.
It is often short and summarizes a main idea.
Shared beliefs or assumptions
Language that describes specific, observable things, people, or places, rather than ideas or qualities.
[Implied meaning, not literal meaning]
Associations suggested by a word
Repetition of a consonant sound within two or more words in close proximity.
Follows traditional techniques of writing; an over-reliance on conventions may result in a lack of originality
Sentence which begins with the main idea and then expands on that idea with a series of details or other particulars
A critical approach that debunks single definitions of meaning based on the instability of language.
It "is not a dismantling of a structure of a text, but a demonstration that it has already dismantled itself."
Describe fiction or nonfiction that teaches a specific lesson or moral
Provides a model of correct behavior or thinking
When the reader is aware of an inconsistency between a fictional or nonfictional character's perception of a situation and the truth of the situation
When the writer reduces an argument or issue to two polar opposites and ignores any alternatives.
Sentence structure that leaves out something in the second half
The first half is (usually) a subject-verb-object combo, while the second half will repeat the structure but exclude the verb; it will use a comma to indicate the ellipted material.
When a write appeals to an audience's emotions to excite and involve them
A quotation or aphorism at the beginning of a literary work suggestive of theme
When a writer uses the same term in two different senses in an argument.
When a writer tries to persuade the audience to respect and believe him or her based on a presentation of image of self through the text.
An individual instance taken to be representative of a general pattern
Act of interpreting or discovering the meaning of a text, usually involves close reading and special attention to figurative language.
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