Africa after 1500 Timeline Test
Terms in this set (20)
Where were the Swahili city-states?
Where did the Dutch settle in the 1620s?
What were the "Islamic Wars" in West Africa during the 18th century about?
Some Muslims were angered by the fact that some forms of Islam had swayed from the original teachings (due to the vast spread of Islam and blending of local beliefs) and fought the "corrupt" forms of Islam and the rulers that allowed these Islamic practices
In what decades of the 18th century was the Atlantic slave trade at its peak?
What is the "milestone" of the beginning of European intrusion into Africa?
Napoleon's invasion of Egypt in 1798
In what years did the "scramble for Africa" occur?
What was the "scramble for Africa"?
colonial conquest of Africa by European powers; they divided Africa between their colonial empires, imposing their rule with their military advantages
List five of the countries that participated in the "scramble for Africa".
During the colonial era, Europeans organized Africans "scientifically" into...
Tribes, each with territory, language, and customs
What two countries fought in the Boer War?
South Africa (Dutch Afrikaners) and Britain
In what European country's colony was the Maji Maji Rebellion fought?
Germany in their colony of East Africa (Tanzania)
What was unique about Ethiopia in the later part of the 19th century?
one of the only states to successfully resist European colonial control b/c of military, diplomatic skills, and concessions they made to Europeans
What European ruler is responsible for the "reign of terror" in the Congo?
Leopold II of Belgium
What motivated early 20th century Africans to adopt Christianity?
Associated with modern education and opportunities
What is the ANC?
African National Congress
Group of educated Africans seeking to establish black Africans as "civilized men" in society and to end colonial rule through nonviolent resistance
What was Apartheid?
South African legally enforced separation of blacks and whites in almost all forms of life
What happened in Sharpsville, South Africa in 1960?
69 unarmed South Africans were killed by British forces during a protest as part of the government's response to a more active ANC, causing the ANC to change its tactics to violent means: armed struggle, sabotage, assassination, and guerilla warfare
Why did the end of colonial rule in Africa rarely lead to improved standards of living and often to "ethnic" conflicts?
Population growth and economic failure relegated Africa to the Global South. Class resentment that grew from inequalities and competition for limited job opportunities were expressed in ethnic conflict
In what year did Apartheid end?
What was the focus of African feminist movements?
Marriage, poverty, and motherhood
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