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Health Science CPAS Review
Terms in this set (84)
Central nervous system
Automatic nervous system
controls the involuntary body functions
A mass of nerve tissue that is protected by the skull
Cerebrovascular accident or stroke
Excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles; also known as "water head"
A chronic, progressive disabling condition from degeneration of the myelin sheath
A chronic progressive condition involving degeneration of brain cells usually in persons over 50 years of age
Acute inflammation of nerve cells caused by herpes virus
Seizure syndrome associated with abnormal electrical impulses in the neurons of the brain
Wave like involuntary movement of a muscle that moves substances from one area to another area.
Long muscular tube that begins at the mouth and ends in the large intestines
Receives a bolus from the pharynx and carries it to the stomach
Place where digestion is completed and products of digestion are absorbed into the blood for use by body cells
A small muscular sac that stores and concentrates bile; secretes bile when needed to break down fats
Fish-shaped organ-produces insulin and juices containing enzymes to digest food
Inflammation of the abdominal peritoneal cavity
Occurs when an internal organ pushes through a weakened area or a natural opening in a body wall
Chronic destruction of liver cells accompanied by the formation of fibrous connective and scar tissue
Inflammation of the gall bladder
The female gonads or sex glands
Produce sperm and testosterone
Sac suspended between the thighs outside the body
Acts as a passageway and as a temporary storage area for sperm
The organ of menstration, houses the fetus, concentrates to aid in the expulsion of the fetus at birth
Are two tubes located above the ovaries; fertilization occurs here
Passageway for menstrual flow - Receives sperm; organ of copulation
Specialized layer that provides for implantation of a fertilized ovum - Aids in the development of the fetus
The narrow, bottom section of the uterus - This dilates to allow the birthing process
Four small glands located behind and attached to the thyroid gland; their hormone regulates the amount of calcium in the blood
Often called the master gland because it produces many hormones that affect other glands; located in the brain.
Synthesizes hormones that regulate the body's metabolism and control the level of calcium in the blood; located in front of the upper trachea
One is located above each kidney; each gland has two parts. Secretes steroid hormones and epineprine and norepinephrine
Kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra and urinary meatus
Waste product produced by the urinary system; waste products dissolved in water such as urea, uric, acid, creatinine; clear to pale yellow in color; 95% water
Inflammation of the bladder
A catheter that is inserted in a surgical opening at the symphysis
Is a toxic condition, occurs when the kidneys fail
A surgical opening made to drain urine into a bag
Takes place fourteen days after the first day of your last menstural period
Sexually transmitted diseases
Chlamydia, Gonarrhea, Herpes, Trichomonas vaginalis
Acquired immune deficiency syndrom
Surgical removal of the uterus
Muscles appropriate sights for injections
Deltoid, Gluteus Maximus
Human immunodeficiency virus
Another word for throat
An infectious disease of the lung. It is contagious during the active phase of the disease.
A sexually transmitted disease in which painful blister-like sores appear. It is known to occur repeatedly during the rest of a person's life.
Also known as "hunchback". A rounded bowing of the back at the thoracic area.
Carpals, metacarpals, and phalanges
Bones of the hands
Ovaries, testes, thymus, pineal body and placenta
An inherited disease which is not curable.
A condition that results from excessive calcium loss.
Functions to take in oxygen and remove carbon dioxide.
An inflammation or infection of the lung with a build of fluid or exudates.
Over 600 muscles
Will cause sterility.
A severe tightening of a flexor muscle. These are permanent and require surgery to be released.
Can be transmitted during birth to an infant's eyes which can cause blindness.
Parts of the respiratory system
Nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, and alveoli
A respiratory disorder that results from bronchospasms.
Muscle spasms or cramps
Sudden painful involuntary contractions of muscles
contains 206 bones
The process of breathing in air.
Can cause death if untreated.
Disease that involves the joints.
Purpose of Alveoli
The exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the blood and lungs.
Cardiac, smooth or visceral, and skeletal muscles
3 main kinds of muscles
A crack in a bone
Known as the windpipe and branches into 2 bronchi.
Function of skeletal system
To provide framework, protection, act as levers for movements, production of blood cells, and storage.
Moving a body part toward the midline.
Stands for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Another word for a stroke
Another word for ear wax
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