84 terms

Health Science CPAS Review

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Neuron
Nerve cell
CNS
Central nervous system
Automatic nervous system
controls the involuntary body functions
brain
A mass of nerve tissue that is protected by the skull
CVA
Cerebrovascular accident or stroke
hydrocephalus
Excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles; also known as "water head"
MS
A chronic, progressive disabling condition from degeneration of the myelin sheath
Parkinson's disease
A chronic progressive condition involving degeneration of brain cells usually in persons over 50 years of age
shingles
Acute inflammation of nerve cells caused by herpes virus
epilepsy
Seizure syndrome associated with abnormal electrical impulses in the neurons of the brain
peristalsis
Wave like involuntary movement of a muscle that moves substances from one area to another area.
alimentary canal
Long muscular tube that begins at the mouth and ends in the large intestines
esophagus
Receives a bolus from the pharynx and carries it to the stomach
small intestine
Place where digestion is completed and products of digestion are absorbed into the blood for use by body cells
gall bladder
A small muscular sac that stores and concentrates bile; secretes bile when needed to break down fats
pancreas
Fish-shaped organ-produces insulin and juices containing enzymes to digest food
peritonitis
Inflammation of the abdominal peritoneal cavity
hernia
Occurs when an internal organ pushes through a weakened area or a natural opening in a body wall
cirrosis
Chronic destruction of liver cells accompanied by the formation of fibrous connective and scar tissue
cholecystitis
Inflammation of the gall bladder
ovaries
The female gonads or sex glands
testes
Produce sperm and testosterone
scrotum
Sac suspended between the thighs outside the body
vas deferens
Acts as a passageway and as a temporary storage area for sperm
uterus
The organ of menstration, houses the fetus, concentrates to aid in the expulsion of the fetus at birth
fallopian tubes
Are two tubes located above the ovaries; fertilization occurs here
vagina
Passageway for menstrual flow - Receives sperm; organ of copulation
endometrium
Specialized layer that provides for implantation of a fertilized ovum - Aids in the development of the fetus
cervix
The narrow, bottom section of the uterus - This dilates to allow the birthing process
ova
Egg
parathyroid glands
Four small glands located behind and attached to the thyroid gland; their hormone regulates the amount of calcium in the blood
pituitary gland
Often called the master gland because it produces many hormones that affect other glands; located in the brain.
thyroid gland
Synthesizes hormones that regulate the body's metabolism and control the level of calcium in the blood; located in front of the upper trachea
adrenal gland
One is located above each kidney; each gland has two parts. Secretes steroid hormones and epineprine and norepinephrine
urinary system
Kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra and urinary meatus
incontinence
Involuntary urination
kidney stone
Renal calculus
urine
Waste product produced by the urinary system; waste products dissolved in water such as urea, uric, acid, creatinine; clear to pale yellow in color; 95% water
polyuria
Excessive urination
Cystitis
Inflammation of the bladder
Dysuria
Painful urination
Suprapubic catheter
A catheter that is inserted in a surgical opening at the symphysis
Uremia
Is a toxic condition, occurs when the kidneys fail
Urostomy
A surgical opening made to drain urine into a bag
Ovulation
Takes place fourteen days after the first day of your last menstural period
Sexually transmitted diseases
Chlamydia, Gonarrhea, Herpes, Trichomonas vaginalis
AIDS
Acquired immune deficiency syndrom
Hysterectomy
Surgical removal of the uterus
Muscles appropriate sights for injections
Deltoid, Gluteus Maximus
HIV
Human immunodeficiency virus
Hysterectomy
...
Pharnyx
Another word for throat
Tuberculosis
An infectious disease of the lung. It is contagious during the active phase of the disease.
Herpes
A sexually transmitted disease in which painful blister-like sores appear. It is known to occur repeatedly during the rest of a person's life.
Kyphosis
Also known as "hunchback". A rounded bowing of the back at the thoracic area.
Carpals, metacarpals, and phalanges
Bones of the hands
Right lung
3 lobes
Left Lung
2 lobes
Endocrine glands
Ovaries, testes, thymus, pineal body and placenta
Muscular dystrophy
An inherited disease which is not curable.
Osteoporosis
A condition that results from excessive calcium loss.
Respiratory system
Functions to take in oxygen and remove carbon dioxide.
Pneumonia
An inflammation or infection of the lung with a build of fluid or exudates.
Muscular System
Over 600 muscles
Vasectomy
Will cause sterility.
Contracture
A severe tightening of a flexor muscle. These are permanent and require surgery to be released.
Gonorrhea
Can be transmitted during birth to an infant's eyes which can cause blindness.
Parts of the respiratory system
Nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, and alveoli
Asthma
A respiratory disorder that results from bronchospasms.
Muscle spasms or cramps
Sudden painful involuntary contractions of muscles
Adult skeleton
contains 206 bones
Inspiration
The process of breathing in air.
Syphilis
Can cause death if untreated.
Arthritis
Disease that involves the joints.
Purpose of Alveoli
The exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the blood and lungs.
Cardiac, smooth or visceral, and skeletal muscles
3 main kinds of muscles
Simple/closed
A crack in a bone
Trachea
Known as the windpipe and branches into 2 bronchi.
Function of skeletal system
To provide framework, protection, act as levers for movements, production of blood cells, and storage.
Adduction
Moving a body part toward the midline.
Epistaxsis
Nose bleed
COPD
Stands for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Apoplexy
Another word for a stroke
Cerumen
Another word for ear wax
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