health science 2-cpas
Terms in this set (230)
used by employers to collect specific information
an itemized list of living expenses
obtain an interview
something subtracted or taken out
required as part of a health science program
usually unpaid, but allows you to go to a health care facility to observe and/or preform skills you have learned
includes items such as rent or house payments, utilities, food, car payments, student loan payments, and insurance payments
the total amount of money earn for hours worked
money that you earn or that is available to you
may be paid, unpaid, partially paid.
allowed to apply the knowledge and skills learned in an actual work situation while being supervised
usually the last step before getting or being denied a particular position of employment
Letter of Application
obtain an interview
"take home pay"
amount of pay received for hours worked after all deductions have been taken out
a record of information about an individual
items such as entertainment, clothing purchases, and donations
skin is scrapped off. Bleeding is limited. Prevent infection, dirt and contaminants
Body part is cut off. Bleeding can be extensive. Preserve body part in cool, moist dressing. Do not freeze.
Tissue is torn or separated from body. Bleeding is heavy. Important to preserve tissue for reattachement
materials used to hold dressings in place, secure splints, support body parts
superficial or first degree burn
partial thickness or second degree
full thickness or third degree burn
seizure: strong involuntary contraction of muscles.
Do not place anything in patients mouth.
caused by increase in the level of glucose in the blood stream. Stems from excessive intake of sugar. patient confused, weak, N/V,dry skin, fruity smell. call 911
a bone is either displaced from a joint or moved out of his normal position
sterile covering placed over a wound to absorb bleeding and secretions
temporary reduction in the supply of blood to the brain. Early signs are dizziness. Elevate feet. Seek medical attention if long lasting or recurring
immediate care given to a victim of an injury or illness to minimize the effects of illness or injury
break in bone
freezing of tissue. pale, glossy numb skin; confused patient, lethargic. careful heat area up. Do not rub for heat.
heart attack first aid
painful pressure, calm victim down, call 911. Aspirin only when doctor orders.
caused by exposure to heat. muscle pains and spasms result from loss of water and salt. Apply firm pressure. Move to cooler area.
exposure to heat leads to loss of fluids through sweating.
prolonged exposure to sun. Medical emergency. No sweating, red, dry skin, rapid pulse. cool body down immediately.
excessive loss of blood
body temperature is below 95. Elders more susceptible. Signs: shivering, numbness, weakness, poor coordination. Warm patient slowly
injury caused by a sharp object such as a knife, scissors or razor blades. The edges of the wound are smooth and regular. If cut is deep, bleeding and blood loss can be heavy. Damage to muscles, nerves and other tissue might exist
Can develop in any wound.
hypoglycemia. Too much insulin in body. Muscle weakness, mental confussion. Feed sugar or glucose.
tearing of tissue by way of excessive force. Wound has jagged, irregular edges. Bleeding may be heavy.
can be caused by ingesting, inhaling, or injecting poison.
wound caused by sharp object such as a pin, nail or pointed instrument. Maybe gunshot. Damage might not be visible because of internal damage. Internal bleeding can occur. Tetanus may develop if bacteria enters wound.
clinical set of signs and symptoms associated with an inadequate supply of blood to body organs, especially the brain and heart
injury to the tissue surrounding a joint. Apply cold. May treat as fracture.
overstretching of muscle
recommend rest and cold
method of prioritizing treatments. Life threatening emergencies must be treated first.
involves injury to the soft tissue
head tilted slighty forward
apply pressure on nostrils towards midline
first step in first aid
recognize that an emergency exist, use all senses to detect problems, sometimes signs are obvious, other times less
CPR compression count
30 compression 2 ventilation adult & child with one rescuer, 15:2 child with 2 rescuer, 100 comp/min
general principles of first aid
obtain qualified assistance ;avoid unnecessary movement; reassure victim; protect victim; work quickly; don't diagnose; avoid further injury
break in the skin or mucous membrane
no break in skin or mucous membrane such as hematoma
direct pressure; elevation; pressure bandage; pressure points
signs of infection
swelling, heat, redness, pain, fever, pus and red streaks.
signs of shock
pale or cyanotic skin, skin cool, diaphoresis, pulse: rapid, weak, difficult to feel: respiration shallow, low blood pressure, general weakness
allergic reaction to substance or food medication, stings:Body releases histamines causing vasodilation, blood pressure drops, hives and respiratory distress
damage to heart muscle from MCI, heart can not pump blood effective to body cells
severe bleeding or loss of blood plasma, blood pressure drops, decreased blood flow to blood cells
loss of body fluid from severe vomiting, diarrhea, disruption in acid base balance as in diabetes:decreased amount of fluid causes dehydration and acid base balance of body. blood pressure drops. less circulation
stems from injury and trauma to brain. Nervous system loses ability to control the size of blood vessels; blood vessels dilate, pressure drops.
emotional distress; sudden dilation of blood vessels, blood pools away from brain, some fainting
trauma to respiratory tract, chocking; interfers with exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between lungs and blood stream, insufficient oxygen supply
acute infection; poison or toxin cause vasodilation, blood pressure drops
treatment varies for type of poison
Ingested poison treated
1. Call CDC, save label, save vomit,
1. do not breath air, check victim for breathing
Use large amount of water to wash skin for 15 minutes; remove everything with substance
remove embedded stinger; wash area well with soap and water
first degree burn
involves only epidermis, some mild swelling, no scarring heals in 5 -6 days
partial thickness burn
second degree burn. Epidermis and dermis damaged. Blisters and vesicles form. Swelling occurs. surface wet. Takes 3 to 4 weeks to heal.
full thickness burn
injury to all layers of skin. White or charred appearance. nerve endings are destroyed. extremely painful. Can be life threatening.
heat exhaustion signs
pale and clammy skin, profuse perspiration, fatigue, headache, N/V, cramps, fainant . normal to slightly high body temperature
first aid fracture
first aid on exposed organ
apply moist, sterile, gauze on exposed organ
what is not sign of a shock
elevated blood pressure
If a poison has been swallowed, what is the first step
call a poison control center
what of the following is not a treatment for convulsion
put a blunt object in the patients mouth to keep the victim from biting his own tongue
How far should a child chest being compressed during CPR?
1/3 to a 1/2 the depth of the chest
A wound caused by a sharp object, such as a knife or scissor is called a ?
Which of the following is not a sign or symptom of shock?
elevated blood pressure
What type of shock occurs when vomiting or diarrhea cause dehydration and an interruption of the acid balnce in the body?
If you are caring for a critical adult victim and determine that the victim is unconscious
call EMs immediatly
What is the temperature called that detects the thermal infrared energy radiating from the blood vessels in the tympanic membrane
What measures a tympanic thermometer?
the aural temperature in ear
also known as gastrointestinal system; responsable for the physical and chemical breakdown of food so that it can be taken into the bloodstream and used by the body cells and tissue
special structures in the mouth that physically break down food by chewing and grinding..
muscular organ that contains special receptors called taste buds.
process of chewing and breaking down food., biting and grinding food in your mouth so it becomes soft enough to swallow
three pairs of exocrine glands in the mouth that secrete saliva; the parotid, submandibular (submaxillary), and sublingual glands
throat; passageway for food to the esophagus and air to the larynx
food tube connecting the mouth to the stomach
involuntary waves of muscle contraction that keep food moving along in one direction through the digestive system
an enlarged and muscular saclike organ of the alimentary canal
folds in the lining of the stomach that expands surface area
the longest portion of the GI tract where most digestion and absorption takes place
Small fingerlike projections on the walls of the small intestines that increase surface area
the last section of the digestive system, where water is absorbed from food and the remaining material is eliminated from the body
the first part of the colon in the right side of the abdomen.
The section of colon that crosses the upper abdomen from the right side of the body to the left.
travels down the left side of the abdominal cavity to the sigmoid colon
an S-shaped structure that continues from the descending colon above and joins with the rectum below
the lower part of the large intestine where feces are stored
a muscular opening at the end of the rectum
organ that makes bile to break down fats; also filters poisons and drugs out of the blood
a muscular sac attached to the liver that secretes bile and stores it until needed for digestion
located partially behind the stomach in the abdomen, and it functions as both an endocrine and exocrine gland. It produces digestive enzymes as well as insulin and glucagon
inflammation of the appendix
inflammation of the gall bladder
Chronic disease that causes scarring of the liver
Hard, slow stools that are difficult to eliminate; often a result of too little fiber in the diet
frequent loose or liquid stools
A digestive disorder in which abnormal pouches form in the walls of the intestine and become inflamed. Inflammation of the small pouch-like sacs full of feces.
inflammation of the stomach and intestines
varicose veins in the rectum
inflammation of the liver
rupture in smooth muscle tissue through which a bodily structure protrudes
inflammation of the pancreas
inflammation of the peritoneum (membrane lining the abdominal cavity and surrounding the organs within it)
open sore on the lining of the digestive tract
a serious chronic inflammatory disease of the large intestine and rectum characterized by recurrent episodes of abdominal pain and fever and chills and profuse diarrhea
also known as excretory system; responsible for removing certain wastes and excess water from the body and for maintaining the body's acid and base balance.
a pair of bean-shaped organs that filter water and waste materials from the blood
The tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder.
fluid wastes removed from the body by the kidneys.
saclike organ in which urine is stored before being excreted
tube from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body
the external opening of the urethra.
absence of urine
Pus in the urine
excessive urination at night
painful or difficult urination
involuntary urination or defecation
inflammation of the urinary bladder
inflammation of the renal pelvis and the kidney
a kidney stone
failure of the kidney to excrete wastes and maintain its filtration function
a toxic condition resulting from renal failure in which kidney function is compromised and urea is retained in the blood
Inflammation of the urethra
responsible for the physical and chemical breakdown of food
the bony structure that forms the roof of the mouth and separates the mouth from the nasal cavaties
separates the mouth from the nasopharynx
has 3 components that create saliva
the muscular tube dorsal to the trachea
receives food as it enters the body
physically breakdown food by chewing and grinding
contains special receptors called taste buds
responsible for the physical and chemical breakdown of food so that it can be taken into the bloodstream
wavelike, involuntary movement in the esophagus
enlarged part of the alimentary canal
coiled section of the alimentary canal
the first 9-10 inches of the small intestine
8 feet in length and forms the middle section of the small intestine
12 feet of the small intestine and connects with the large intestine at the cecum
the walls of the small intestine are lines with fingerlike projections which are
the final section of the alimentary canal
is a blind-ended tube connected to the cecum
the part of the large intestine that extends from the cecum to the rectum
final 6-8 inches of the large intestine and is the storage area for indigestibles and wastes
a narrow canal, called the anal canal, opens to this
the largest gland in the body and is an accessory organ to the digestive system
small, muscular sac located under the liver and attached to it by connective tissue
gallbladder organ located behind the stomach
air tubes in lungs
bowel and bladder training
bundle branch block
biopsy and conization
twice a day
body mass index
basal metabolic rate
body surface area
breast self examination
blood urea nitrogen
The study of the structure of an organism
Mass of protoplasm; the basic unit of structure of all animals and plants.
Outer, protective, semipermeable covering of a cell
That area of cell cytoplasm that contains two centrioles; important in reprouction of the cell.
Foud in the nucleus and made of deoxyribonucleic acid and protein
The supporting fabtric of organs and other body parts
a semifluid inside the cell but outside the nucleus
Insufficient amounts of fluid in the tissues
Swelling; excess amount of fluid in the tissues
Fine network of tubular structures in the cytoplasm of a cell; allows for the transport of materials in and out of the nucleus and aids in the synthesis and storage of protein
Tissue that forms the skin and parts of the secreting glands, and that lines the body cavities
The structures on chromosomes that carry inherited characteristics
The total mass of genetic instruction humans inherit from their parents.
That structure in the cytoplasm of a cell that produces, stores, and packages secretions for discharge from the cell.
Those structures in the cytoplasm of acell that contain digestive enzymes to digest and destroy old cells, bacteria, and foreign matter
The process of cell division that occurs in gametes, or sex cells(ovum and spermatozoa).
Those structures in a cell that provide energy and are involved in the metabolism of the cell.
Process of asexual reproduction by which cells divide into two identical cells.
Body tissue composed of fibers that produce movement.
Body tissue that conducts or transmits impulses throughout the body.
The spherical body in the nucleus of acell that is important in reproudction of the cell
The structure in a cell that controls cell activities such as growth, metabolism, and reproudcution
Body part made of tissues that have joined together to perform a special function
Structures in the cytoplasm of acell, including the nucleus, mitochondria, ribosomes, lysosomes, and Golgi apparatus.
Study of how disease occurs and the responses of living organisms to disease processes.
The study of the processes or functions of living organsims
Pocketlike folds in the cell membrane
The basic substance of all life
cells that have the ability to transform themselves into any of the body's specialized cells and perform many different functions.
A group of organs and other parts that work together to perform a certain function
A group of similar cells that join together to perform a particular functiion
Pouchlike structures found throughout the cytoplasm that have a vacuolar membrane with the same structure as the cell membrane
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