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Music Technology - Technological Developments N3 - Higher
Terms in this set (24)
Acoustic Horn/Cylinder (N3)
A horn is a tapered sound guide designed to provide an acoustic impedance match between a sound source and free air. This has the effect of maximizing the efficiency with which sound waves from the particular source are transferred to the air. Conversely, a horn can be used at the receiving end to optimize the transfer of sound from the air to a receiver.
Gramophone Records (N3)
These records were the primary medium used for music reproduction for most of the 20th century, replacing the phonograph cylinder, with which it had co-existed, by the 1920s
Player Pianos (N3)
A self-playing piano (also known as pianola or autopiano) , containing a pneumatic or electro-mechanical mechanism that operates the piano action via pre-programmed music perforated paper, or in rare instances, metallic rolls. The rise of the player piano grew with the rise of the mass-produced piano for the home in the late 19th and early 20th century.
Vinyl LPs and 45 RPM Records (N3)
The LP (Long Play), or 33⅓ rpm microgroove vinyl record, is a format for phonograph (gramophone) records, an analogue sound storage medium. Introduced by Columbia Records in 1948, it was soon adopted as a new standard by the entire record industry. Apart from relatively minor refinements and the important later addition of stereophonic sound capability, it has remained the standard format for vinyl "albums".
Wax Cylinders (N3)
Phonograph cylinders were the earliest commercial medium for recording and reproducing sound. Commonly known simply as "records" in their era of greatest popularity (c. 1888-1915), these cylinder shaped objects had an audio recording engraved on the outside surface which could be reproduced when the cylinder was played on a mechanical phonograph. The competing disc-shaped gramophone record system triumphed in the market place to become the dominant commercial audio medium in the 1910s, and commercial mass production of phonograph cylinders ended in 1929.
CD Players (N4)
A device used to play compact discs.
Electric Guitar (Solid Body) (N4)
A guitar which requires an electric amplifier to produce sound.
Electric Organ (N4)
An electronic keyboard instrument which was derived from the harmonium, pipe organ and theatre organ. Originally, it was designed to imitate the sound of pipe organs, theatre organs, band sounds, or orchestral sounds.
Juke box (N4)
A coin operated record player/cd player/mp3 player
MP3 Players (N4)
An electronic device (usually SSD), that stores and plays audio files like MP3s.
An electronic device designed to receive, demodulate, and amplify radio signals from sound broadcasting stations, etc...
8 Track Recording/Multi-Track Recording (Analogue and Digital) (N5)
Multitrack recording devices have two or more tracks with the ability to monitor or cue one track while recording on the other. This allows the process known as overdubbing whereby a single musician can build up a song by performing each of the parts one after the other. Recording each instrument onto its own track also allows the sound engineer a great deal of control over each track. Different effects and processes can be added to individual tracks. Multitrack recorders come in many formats these days from 4-track devices to 24-track devices, and computer-based hardware and software systems that feature almost infinite multitrack recording capabilities, like cubase.
Audio/MIDI Interface (N5)
An interface designed to allow audio, or MIDI data, to be recorded and/or played back in various ways from a computer.
Guitar Pick-Up (N5)
A pick-up is a transducer found on electric and bass guitars that changes the vibrations of the strings into an electrical current in a similar way to the dynamic microphone.
Performance Software (N5)
Software, such as Ableton Live, developed for performing which lets users record and edit without stopping playback; allowing musicians to use the software as their 'instrument'
Reel to Reel Magnetic Tape (N5)
A medium used to store audio in the earliest tape recorders, developed in the 1930's. It was subsequently used for data storage in early computers and video recording in the early 1950's.
Stereo LPs (N5)
An analogue sound storage medium made from vinyl (polyvinyl chloride, PVC, the 3rd most produced plastic, generally used in construction). Stereo LP records became commercially available in 1958.
Virtual Instruments (N5)
A software application that enables the user to produce or play sounds on a computer. Programs of this kind can be run on the computer as plug-ins hosted by DAW's (Cubase, GarageBand, etc.) or as stand-alone applications.
Bass Guitar (Higher)
4 string instrument and needs to be connected to an amplifier in order to make a sound. Its range (the notes it can play) is lower than that of an acoustic or electric guitar.
Cassette Recorder/Player/Tape (Higher)
A compact case containing a length of magnetic tape that runs between two small reels: used for recording or playback in a tape recorder or cassette deck and by some small computer systems to store programs and data.
DJ Decks/Mixer (Higher)
A type of audio mixing console used by disc jockeys. The key features that differentiate a DJ mixer from other types of audio mixers are the ability to redirect (cue) a non-playing source to headphones and the presence of a crossfader, which allows for an easier transition between two sources.
Electronic Drumkit (Higher)
Usually consists of a set of pads mounted on a stand in a disposition similar to an acoustic drum kit. The pads are discs with a rubber or cloth-like coating. Each pad has a sensor that generates an electric signal when struck. The electric signal is transmitted through cables into an electronic module, which produces a sound associated to the selected pad.
A digital, optical, record-and-read storage medium. Similar to the CD, minidisc uses compression software to limit the material recorded in order to get all the information onto a very compact format.
Streaming Audio (Higher)
A one-way audio transmission over a data network. It is widely used to listen to audio clips and radio from the Internet on computers, tablets and smartphones. In addition, computers at home are commonly set up to stream a user's music collection to a digital media hub connected to a stereo or home theater.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Music Technology - Technological Terms - N3 to Hig…
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