31 terms

Super Structures Challenge

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Tension
A force that stretches a material apart causing it to become longer or pull apart
Compression
A force that pushes on or squeezes a material causing it to become smaller or shorter
Shearing
Force that cause parts of a material to move in opposite directions, in a sideways movement
Bending
Set of forces that causes tension on one side of an object and compression on the other side
Torsion
Force that twists a material or structure
Live Load
The weight of movable objects such as people, furnishings, machines, vehicles, and goods in or on a building.
Settlement Load
Relates to the soil beneath a structure and how it settles may affect the structure itself
Thermal Load
When a structure expands or shrinks with changes in the temperature.
Seismic Load
A load on a structure caused by movement of the Earth relative to the structure during an earthquake.
Dynamic Load
Force that moves or changes while acting on a structure.
Triangle
Shown to be a good shape to use in a structure as it distributes weight on all three sides
Reinforcement
Design elements that strengthens a structure or a specific part
Constraint
Limits to a design process, such as appearance, funding, space, materials, and human capabilities
Criteria
A principle or standard by which something may be judged or evaluated; also defined as parts that can be measured
Engineering
The application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes
Skyscraper
A very tall building with many stories
Chrysler Building
Completed in New York City in 1930 with a height of 1,046 feet with its needle-thin spire
Citicorp Center
Completed in New York City in 1977 at a height of 915 feet; unique design allowed room for a church near the northwest corner
Empire State Building
Completed in New York City in 1931 with a height of 1250 feet; completed in one year and 45 days
Petronas Towers
Completed in 1998 in Malaysia with a height of 1483 feet, which is 33 feet taller than the Willis Tower
Penny
Small mass used to determine the success of a tower during the class activity
One World Trade Center
Tallest building in the U.S. at 1776 feet; completed in 2013
Centimeter
One hundredth of a meter (0.01 m)
Mass
Amount of matter in an object
Accuracy
A description of how close a measurement is to the true value of the quantity measured.
Analysis
A detailed examination a structure's performance and design in order to recommend improvements
Model
A three-dimensional representation of a proposed structure, typically on a smaller scale than the original.
Burj Khalifa
Tallest skyscraper in the world; completed in 2010 with a height of 2717 feet
Dead Load
The weight of the building or building components
Score
Determined by multiplying the height of the tower by the mass held successfully
Willis Tower
Located in Chicago, Illinois and was completed in 1973; was known as the Sears Tower; reaches a height of 1729 feet