31 terms

# Super Structures Challenge

#### Terms in this set (...)

Tension
A force that stretches a material apart causing it to become longer or pull apart
Compression
A force that pushes on or squeezes a material causing it to become smaller or shorter
Shearing
Force that cause parts of a material to move in opposite directions, in a sideways movement
Bending
Set of forces that causes tension on one side of an object and compression on the other side
Torsion
Force that twists a material or structure
The weight of movable objects such as people, furnishings, machines, vehicles, and goods in or on a building.
Relates to the soil beneath a structure and how it settles may affect the structure itself
When a structure expands or shrinks with changes in the temperature.
A load on a structure caused by movement of the Earth relative to the structure during an earthquake.
Force that moves or changes while acting on a structure.
Triangle
Shown to be a good shape to use in a structure as it distributes weight on all three sides
Reinforcement
Design elements that strengthens a structure or a specific part
Constraint
Limits to a design process, such as appearance, funding, space, materials, and human capabilities
Criteria
A principle or standard by which something may be judged or evaluated; also defined as parts that can be measured
Engineering
The application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes
Skyscraper
A very tall building with many stories
Chrysler Building
Completed in New York City in 1930 with a height of 1,046 feet with its needle-thin spire
Citicorp Center
Completed in New York City in 1977 at a height of 915 feet; unique design allowed room for a church near the northwest corner
Empire State Building
Completed in New York City in 1931 with a height of 1250 feet; completed in one year and 45 days
Petronas Towers
Completed in 1998 in Malaysia with a height of 1483 feet, which is 33 feet taller than the Willis Tower
Penny
Small mass used to determine the success of a tower during the class activity
Tallest building in the U.S. at 1776 feet; completed in 2013
Centimeter
One hundredth of a meter (0.01 m)
Mass
Amount of matter in an object
Accuracy
A description of how close a measurement is to the true value of the quantity measured.
Analysis
A detailed examination a structure's performance and design in order to recommend improvements
Model
A three-dimensional representation of a proposed structure, typically on a smaller scale than the original.
Burj Khalifa
Tallest skyscraper in the world; completed in 2010 with a height of 2717 feet