Terms in this set (39)
Indian National Congress
A movement and political party founded in 1885 to demand greater Indian participation in government. Led after 1920 by Mohandas K. Gandhi, appealing to the poor.
the form of nonviolent resistance initiated in India by Mohandas Gandhi in order to oppose British rule and to hasten political reforms
Leader of the Indian independence movement and advocate of nonviolent resistance. After being educated as a lawyer in England, he returned to India and became leader of the Indian National Congress in 1920.
Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Indian Muslim politician who founded the state of Pakistan. A lawyer by training, he joined the All-India Muslim League in 1913. As leader of the League from the 1920s on, he negotiated with the British/INC for Muslim Political Rights
Indian statesman. He succeeded Mohandas K. Gandhi as leader of the Indian National Congress. He negotiated the end of British colonial rule in India and became India's first prime minister (1947-1964).
Partition of India
This led to the movement of millions of people in South Asia after India got its independence from Britain.
an organization formed in 1906 to protect the interests of India's Muslims, which later proposed that India be divided into separate Muslim and Hindu nations
Nonaligned Movement (NAM)
A group of more than one hundred newly independent, mostly less-developed, states that joined together as a group of neutrals to avoid entanglement with the superpowers' competing alliances in the Cold War.
Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese communist statesman who fought the Japanese in World War II and the French until 1954 and South Vietnam until 1975 (1890-1969)
Area of southeast Asia controlled by France during Imperialism. Includes Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam.
Dien Bien Phu
The place that the final battle took place that forced the French out of Vietnam
A 1954 peace agreement that divided Vietnam into Communist-controlled North Vietnam and non-Communist South Vietnam until unification elections could be held in 1956
"The Year of Africa" when many African nations gain independence
FLN (National Liberation Front)
The Algerian organization that fought a bloody guerrilla war for freedom against France.
proponent of national liberation for colonial peoples through violent revolution; wrote "The Wretched of the Earth" in 1961.
Dutch settlers in South Africa
South African War (Boer War)
war between the British and the Afrikaners/Boers over the discovery of diamonds and gold
A policy of racial segregation involving political and economic and legal discrimination against non-whites.
African National Congress
An organization dedicated to obtaining equal voting and civil rights for black inhabitants of South Africa. Founded in 1912 as the South African Native National Congress, it changed its name in 1923. Eventually brought greater equality.
ANC leader imprisoned by Afrikaner regime; released in 1990 and elected as president of South Africa in 1994.
F.W. de Klerk
Elected as the last white South African president in 1989. He legalized the ANC and also released Nelson Mandela from prison. This started a new era in South Africa and ended apartheid
(1978-1979) a revolution against the shah of Iran led by the Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, which resulted in Iran becoming an Islamic republic
Chinese Communist leader from 1949 to 1976.
a radical reform in China initiated by Mao Zedong in 1965 and carried out largely by the Red Guard
Great Leap Forward
Started by Mao Zedong, combined collective farms into People's Communes, failed because there was no incentive to work harder, ended after 2 years.
Communist Party leader who forced Chinese economic reforms after the death of Mao Zedong.
Tiananmen Square Massacre
A political and social protest by university students in Beijing, China in 1989. The protest called for political and social reforms and resulted in the government using the military to end it, which caused hundreds of deaths, thousands of injured, and many more imprisoned.
A British colony in China, received after the first Opium War and returned to China in 1997
Shah Reza Pahlavi
the leader of Iran after World War II that was supported by Western government and Western oil companies. He tried to weaken the political influence of religion in Iran by limiting the role of the Islamic legal and academic experts. He was forced to flee from Iran in January 1979.
rivonia trial speech
nelson mandela's speech when he was on trial in South africa.
vietnamese nationalists who fought on Ho Chi Minh's side
March 21, 1960 in Sharpeville, by Johannesburg. PAC led campaign of blacks to surrender themselves for arrest and led to small clashes and then the police firing, killing and wounding many.
Vietnam Declaration of Independence
like the american one, written by Ho Chi Minh
a government that has a constitution based on a strict interpretation of religion
China's Five Year Plan
Designed to modernize the country and to increase industrial production
family that took over Iran's gov't in 1925; was an authoritarian regime; people didn't like them and it paved the way for the 1979 Revolution
Prime Minister of Iran before overthrown in CIA coup, accused of treason, and convicted as a Communist
India Independence Act
1947; India and Pakistan gain independence from British rule
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