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Korea and China Test
Terms in this set (80)
What are common themes in Mao's propaganda posters?
Women are as valued as men
Fertility and overflow of resources
Peace with Mao as a leader
Peasants and soldiers in harmony
Celebration of youth
Mao's Little Red Book
What are power lines a symbol of?
private property given up
everyone's supplies and land for farming is collected
food goes to government
Great Leap Forward
superhuman effort to modernize China
everyone forced into communes to work in factory
20 million people died from starvation
How did Mao deal with the starvation from the Great Leap Forward?
he blamed the sparrows for eating all their food
encouraged children to kill sparrows
bounty for killing sparrows
led to increase of bugs
campaign in China ordered by Mao to purge the Communist Party of his opponents and instill revolutionary values in the younger generation
encouraged youth of China to attack the "Four Olds"
Why did Mao start the Cultural Revolution?
he got nervous because people were upset with the failed attempt at industrialization and wanted to renew the revolutionary spirit
What are the "Four Olds"?
What was the result of the Cultural Revolution?
youth of China turns China upside down
no schools for a year
destroyed schools because they thought that they were part of "old China"
Mao takes advantage of this to destroy his old enemies (ex. capitalists)
What happened at struggle meetings?
victims are either beaten, abused or forced to admit that they're traitors
When was Tank Man?
the ability to criticize the government without punishment
ex. articles, film, talking, news
How was Tiananmen Square resolved?
the Chinese gave up freedom of speech for money because nobody had any money
Why did the Chinese revolt in 1989?
they wanted freedom of speech, democratic privileges and a change in government
people came to China A to find jobs to pay for their family's education
large middle class with spending power
farming pays little - poor
lack of education due to expensive education because communist government doesn't support it anymore
lack of jobs
lacking health care
need more health care but don't have access to it
What's the irony in China B?
Mao promised education and health care and China B lacks both
When did K-Pop emerge?
Why was K-Pop created?
the South Korean government created it to prevent an economic collapse and decided to treat it as a cultural export
wanted to export music just as you would export a thing (like cars)
What is K-Pop a mixture of?
Bubble Gum Pop
Who controls K-Pop?
government pays companies to monitor the stars
ex. YG, MBK (Music Beyond Korea)
What are the restrictions around being a K-Pop star and why?
they aren't allowed to date because they are meant to appear as a boyfriend or girlfriend to their fans
How is K-Pop a reflection of modern South Korea?
about happiness, partying or love
reflects high standard of living
What was traditional Korean music like?
traditional music was sad because of their horrible experience and history
ex. woman was singing traditional song about the horrible life as a woman
1600s - 1905
1905 - 1945 (WWII)
1950 - 1953
Why are men drafted into the South Korean army?
South Korea and the US are technically still at war with North Korea
a truce was signed, but nobody surrendered
US soldiers are still posted at the border
North Korea has one of the largest armies
US and South Korea fighting North Korea for control of the peninsula
Drafting in South Korea
young men between ages of 18 - 24 are drafted into the army for a two year service
you would be arrested if you don't
women are not drafted
1 in ___ Koreans get plastic surgery
Why do the girl bands perform for the South Korean army?
to motivate them to keep fighting
Why do so many Koreans get plastic surgery?
they want to look less Korean
What's the irony in Koreans getting plastic surgery?
many go with images of K-Pop stars and the work they had done made them look less Korean
Korean music but want to look less Korean
also men are not expected to get plastic surgery
a government that controls every aspect of your life in which
a) community interests are above individual interests
b) totalitarian government donate and control all areas of life
c) 20th Century Phenomenon
ex. Nazi Germany
Examples of Totalitarianism in Centerville
John waking up to government alarm clock
choosing what's taught
Features of a Totalitarian State
single ideology, single political party, single leader, judicial system serves state
unconditional loyalty to a set of values and beliefs that support a nation's goal
ex. John - America is the best, Mao - tries to unite in the attack of the 4 Olds
Single Political Party
opposition parties are banned
political party pushes the single ideology
ex. Nazi Party, the American Party
Features of the Single Leader of a Totalitarian State:
god-like, absolute power, cult of personality (near worship of them, special name)
Examples of Dictators:
Der Fuhrer - Hitler
Il Duce - Mussolini
Judicial System in Totalitarian State
there are NO individual rights
no due process of law
in US, if you're arrested you get read your rights, but in a totalitarian state there's a "show trial"
you're made out to be an enemy of the state
either executed or sent to prison camp
ex. struggle meetings, Tiananmen Square trials
Methods of Totalitarian State:
control of education
control of culture
control of communication
systematic use of terror
What was the Cold War?
1946 - 1989
the global scramble for power (post WWII) between the US and the Soviet Union
Why is it called the Cold War?
because the two powers never actually came to direct conflict
World after WWII:
Japan controlled the entire Korean peninsula
world is devastated except for US (US has oceans distancing them)
Allies decided to split Korea in half
North Korea is communist and taken by Soviet Union
South Korea is allied with the Allies
Why did the US get involved in the Cold War?
US feared communism would have domino effect and that country after country would become communist (first Russia and China)
and if the US didn't stop communism then soon they would become communist
The Forgotten War
53,000 Americans died
UN Army fought against North Korea and then China
border started and ended at the same place
When did the Chinese get involved in the Korean War?
when UN Army pushed Communists back to the Yellow River
powers in proximity of each other but never direct conflict
ex. Vietnam War
a new group called United Nations was formed
What is an Armistice?
both the powers sign a Ceasefire (agree to stop shooting at each other)
no one quit or surrendered
What separates the two Koreas today?
DMZ (demilitarized zone)
two and a half mile wide area filled with barbed wire, land mines, observation posts, 20,000 US troops and tunnels built by North Korea
What is the difference between North and South Korea at night?
North Korea is almost completely dark (lack of modern advancement and electricity), but South Korea is lit up
son of Kim Il Sung
communist leader of North Korea
his attack on South Korea in 1950 started the Korean War
remained in power until 1994
current leader of North Korea
Kim Jong-il is his father
Fatty the Third
K-Pop boy group
Bang Bang Bang
young Chinese students who carried out the Cultural Revolution
Little Red Book
Mao's sayings of the proper Communist living
carried by the Red Guard and quoted
site in Beijing where Chinese students and workers gathered to demand free speech in 1989
What were Mao's goals for China?
restore China as a world power
create a classless society
What events in Centerville's history led to the current system of governance?
people set fire to the House of Representatives and then the Statue of Liberty and the Washington Monument were bombed
Why were President Trump and Kim Jong-un going to meet?
to discuss denuclearization
What factors led to North Korea & South Korea to develop differently after the Korean War?
the US played a considerable role in helping South Korea evolve into the modernized country it is today, while North Korea had a fleeting period of prosperity due to China and the Soviet Union's interference and aid, but soon after, it lapsed into a state of despair due to debt, mismanagement and countless droughts, floods and food shortages
Why did the Kim family want nuclear weapons?
to appear worthy of fear so others leaders would think twice before trying eliminate the Kim family
What types of apps and websites are blocked in China?
"Great Firewall of China"
a complicated system made up of filters and censors prepared to eliminate questionable articles, images or videos
What's a VPN?
VPNs (virtual private networks) allow Chinese citizens to view blocked material and were originally sold by amazon, google and dealers before the government shut them down
What similarities does Xi Jinping share with Mao?
wrote books containing life story and beliefs
core ideas for China pertained into the party constitution
beliefs and ideas incorporated into children's school books
sections of China that controlled the land and peasants' lives and generally consisted of several villages, thousands of acres of land and around 20,000 people
teaching the youth to accept the ideology without question
ex. Hitler Youth, Boy Scouts
How does a Totalitarian State control education?
How does a Totalitarian State control culture?
censoring controversial ideology
art is expected to serve the needs of the State and Leader
symbolism - Swastika, Mao's portrait
ex. burning books
How does a Totalitarian State control communication?
propaganda that promotes government ideology
- makes people get caught up in mob mentality
- reinforces ideology of the Party
- builds cult personality of leader
- look at leader as god-like
- you can broadcast the rally which convinces public of leader's greatness
How is propaganda spread?
radio, film, "state run" TV
How does a Totalitarian State gain control through the systematic use of terror?
used to create fear and obedience
if you are not obedient, you are subjected to a "show trial"
promotes idea that anyone could be next
- could be sent to prison camps
- Secret Police
- imprison the family of those who've done wrong
if your worried about yourselves and each other then you don't fight against the government
Sets with similar terms
Unit 3, Lesson 13
Cold War: China
The Cold War (sections 3-5)
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