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Mizzou Art 1020 Exam II Prof. Irons
Terms in this set (68)
the material on or from which an artist chooses to make a work of art
the most common of the drawing metals, using a piece of wire set in a holder
The softer the pencil, the darker the mark, or grade, and the quicker the pencil loses its point.
the colorant in art material, often made from finely ground minerals
D.J. Hall "Piece of Cake"
The artist used the richness of colored pencil in this work
vine and compressed
two types of charcoal are common
Zhang Chun "Life Strands"
The artist utilized both charcoal and graphite for dramatic effect in this work.
a substance that makes pigments adhere to a surface in sticks of chalk, pastel, and crayon
Edgar Degas "The Tub"
The artist used intermittent strokes of different color pastel in this work, creating a variety of contrasting textures.
are not only used for correction but also to create light marks in areas already drawn.
Robert Rauschenberg "Erased de Kooning"
In 1953, the artist created a new work by erasing a drawing by Willem de Kooning.
invented paper, manufacturing it from pounded plant fibers at around the end of the first century CE.
aims to identify and react to the main visual and expressive characteristics of a form.
Egon Schiele "Mother and Child"
The artist used contour drawing in this work, rendering the outline of the subjects.
a painting medium that primarily uses wax as the binding agent.
a fast-drying painting medium made from pigment mixed with egg yolk.
Andrew Wyeth "Christina's World"
The artist used tempera to paint this work with a high level of detail.
a painting technique in which the artist paints onto freshly applied plaster. Michelangelo used this painting technique to decorate the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.
a relatively recent invention that allows for many thin layers of color to be applied to attain rich luminosity.
the process of painting the canvas in a base, often monochrome, color as a first step in creating the areas of light and dark value.
paint applied in thick layers.
type of paint medium that uses pigments bound with gum and a white filler to produce a paint that is used for opaque watercolor.
en plein air
technique that is used to describe painting outdoors.
paints that are composed of pigments suspended in a polymer resin that dry quickly and can be cleaned up with relative ease.
is a practitioner of spray-painted graffiti art and uses stencils as a quick way of transferring designs to surfaces.
made by carving away from a block of a suitably workable material such as wood or linoleum to create a raised image.
Albrecht Durer "Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse"
The artist used a woodblock printmaking technique on this work
is done by carving into the surface of a material, then printing the raised surface left behind.
any print process where the inked image is lower than the surface of the printing plate. This printmaking technique is derived from the Italian word that means "cut into" a surface.
in this printmaking technique, the artist gouges or scratches the image into the surface of the printing plate.
this printmaking technique uses acid to bite the engraved design into the printing surface.
Francisco Goya "Giant"
The artist used an aquatint printmaking technique in this work to give a softness to the finished product.
Max Beckmann "Adam and Eve"
The artist used a drypoint printmaking technique in this work, leaving irregularities in the finished image.
printing that is achieved by creating a solid stencil in a porous screen and forcing ink through the screen onto the printing surface.
is known for using serigraphy to create his distinctive style
a print process done on a flat, unmarred surface in which the image is created using oil-based ink with resistance from water.
prints that are created by building up rather than cutting into a surface.
this technique creates one of a kind prints because only one impression is possible per run
an object constructed around the idea of function
Mary Linwood "Hanging Partridge"
This work uses intricate detail in the embroidery to "paint with thread".
Faith Ringgold "Tar Beach"
This work uses quilting and painted fabric and, in doing so, skirts the line between art and craft because the artist is using traditional craft materials with high art materials.
Weaving, knitting, and embroidery are all examples of this
language system involving picture symbols that was used by ancient Mesopotamians
communication system that was used by ancient Egyptians.
expressive, decorative handwriting system that makes use of shifts in line width.
during the Middle Ages, this type of book combined text with images and decorative borders.
the art of arranging type
This artist helped standardize typography in the 16th century.
from 1919 to 1933, this was a German art school that combined crafts and fine arts.
James Montgomery Flagg "I Want You for US Army"
This artist showed the power of illustration in conveying political messages.
Eadweard Muybridge "Horse in Motion"
This 19th century photographic work demonstrates persistence of vision.
creates the illusion of movement in films by taking a still image of an object or drawing, changing it slightly for each new frame, and then projecting all the images in sequence.
a term used to describe different categories of film and other works of art
this theory considers films to be works of art because they are the realization of a director's creative vision.
Nam Jun Paik
This Korean-American artist was a pioneer of video art
in conceptual art...
the idea behind an artwork is more important than any visible subject or material product.
This artist often combined found images and words to give them new meanings
everyday objects presented as works of art.
this type of art involves time, space, the body, and a relationship with an audience within a fine art context
This composer incorporated chance operations, experimental techniques, and even silence into his music
impromptu art actions, initiated and planned by an artist, the outcome of which is not known in advance
Joseph Beuys "Coyote, I Like American and America Likes Me"
A large piece of felt was one of the major props for this piece
Vito Acconci "Following Piece"
The artist followed a different random person each day for twenty-three days in this work
This performance artist often used her own body, showing extremes of endurance
Edward Kienholz "The Beanery"
Breaking down barriers between art and life was a main focus of this work
when artists design an entire exhibition space as an artwork
Kara Walker "Insurrection! (Our Tools Were Rudimentary, Yet We Pressed On)"
The artist combined projections and silhouettes in this work
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