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adipose tissue

collection of fat cells


the direct method of cell division characterized by simple division of the nucleus without formation of chromosomes


process of building up of larger molecules for smaller ones, requires energy,its a contsructive phase of cellular metabolism


In cell division, or mitosis, chromatids detach and separate to become chromosomes again 4th part of the cell cycle


the study of the structure of the bosy and the interrelationship of its parts

areolar tissue

loose connective tissue that binds the skin to the underlying tissues and fills the spaces between the muscles


all substances are made of subatomic particles that form these, are arranged in specific patterns and structures called molecules, molecules are arranged in such a wayas to produce compounds or matter

cardiac muscle tissue

tissues occurring in the heart, involuntary, directly stimulated by nerve impulses, pumps blood into the heart


the breaking down of larger substances or molecules into smaller ones, this process releases energy that can be stored for other reactions such as muscle contraction


basic functional units of all living matter

cell membrane

a thin covering of the outer surface of a cell, or cytoplasm, transports materials from outside and inside the cell, helps to control cell activity

cellular metabolism

all chemical reactions within a cell that transforms food for cell growth and operation


structure near the nucleus with 2 rod shaped centrioles, divides in 2 parts during mitosis, helps distribute chromosomes


cells formed together that are much taller than they are wide, like columns


The cubic shape of a type of epithelial cell.


all of the substance within a cell wall other than the nucleus

cytoplasmic organelles

specialized cellular compartments, each performing its own job to maintain the life of the cell.


the process during early developmental stages, where the repeated division of the ovum results in many specialized cells that differ from one another in composition and function


found between the vertebrae and in the pubic symphasis, where strong support and limited range of motion are required

fibrous connective tissues

composed of collagen and elastin fibers that are closely arranged to form tendons and ligaments


protein substances that act as organic catalysts for chemical reactions in metabolism while remaining unchanged themselves

epithileal tissues

protective layer that functions in the process of absorption, secretion, excretion, and protection


fibrous connective tissue that forms a network throughout the body, surrounding every structure to support, seperate and give shape to the body


the study of cells, and micro scopic organisms

hyaline cartilage

type of cartilage that contains little fibrous tissues made up of cells, clear or translucent , found in nose, trachea, and on the end of bones and in moveable joints


normal state of the cell,during which most of the cellular work and growth are done, chromosomes remain in thin threads, later during mitosis become rod-like


bands of fibrous tissues that connect bone to bone


stage in cell division, or mitosis, when chromosomes arrange themselves in a plane called equitorial plane, nuclear membrane and nucleolos are absent


process of cell division in which a cell divides into 2 cells identical to the parent cell


groups of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds

mucous membranes

line the digestive and upper respitory tract to produce mucous, a thick sticky substance that acts as a protectiant and lubricant

nerve tissues

composed of nuerons, sensitive to specifc types of stimuli, able to transmit impulses , act as channels of messages to and from the brain


the structural unit of the nervous system

organ system

A group of organs that work together in performing vital body functions.


groups of tissues that work together to perform a specific function or related functions or jobs


the membrane covering cartilage


the fibrous membrane that functions to protect the bone and serves as an attachment of tendons and ligaments


The study of the functions of body structures


the first stage of mitosis or meiosis in eukaryotic cell division, during which the nuclear envelope breaks down and strands of chromatin form into chromosomes, stage during mitosis where chromosomes which are composed of DNA which house the genes, become larger and more defined,


colorless jelly like substance in cells in which food elements such as protein, fats, carbohydrates, mineral salts and water are present

reticular tissue

the fine fibers that form together in the liver and lymphoid organs

serous membranes

line the body cavities and sometimes the outermost parts of the organs, produce a serous fluid, a watery substance that also act as a lubricant

skeletal muscle

are attached to bone by tendons, responsible for moving limbs, facial expression, speaking and other voluntary movements

smooth muscle

lacks striations and can not be stimulated to contract by conscious effort, work subconsciously, work involuntarily


The flat, tile-like shape of a type of epithelial cell.

striated muscles

-Consists of many muscle fibers
-Muscle fibers consist of myofibrils
-Myofibrils give the striated look, striped looking

superficial fascia

the connecting layer between the skin and those structures underlying the skin

synovial membrane

a connective tissue membrane lining cavities and capsules in and around joints


the final stage of meiosis or mitosis, in which the separated chromosomes reach the opposite poles of the dividing cell and the nuclei of the daughter cells form around the two sets of chromosomes


bands that attach muscles to bones


groups of similar cells that perform a specific function in an organism

voluntary muscles

muscles that can be consciously controlled (skeletal muscle)

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