25 terms

WH1 SOL Prehistory & River Valley Civs

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Terms in this set (...)

Paleolithic
(Old Stone Age) a long period of human development before the development of agriculture
Neolithic
The period of the Stone Age associated with the ancient Agricultural Revolution. It follows the Paleolithic period.
Fertile Crescent
an area of rich farmland in Southwest Asia where the first civilizations began
cave art
prehistoric art found on the walls of caves
agriculture
farming
Homosapiens
the species name for modern humans
Africa
continent on which human life emerges
domestication
the taming of animals for human use, such as work or as food
archaeologist
A person who studies early people and the objects they left behind
radiocarbon dating
Archaeologists use this test to determine the date/age of organic artifacts.
Stonehenge
a structure found by scientist in England is believed to have been built in the Neolithic Age and Bronze Age
Egypt
This early empire has its home along Africa's longest river, the Nile, with a detailed form of writing.
Mesopotamia
A region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers that developed early civilization. (Babylon)
Indus River Valley
A valley and early civilization along the Indus River, one of the longest rivers in the world.
China
early civilization developed along the Huang He River
Sumerians
People who dominated Southern Mesopotamia .Responsible for the creation of the wheel and cunieform
Hammurabi's Code
a set of laws that governed life in the Babylonian empire
Hammurabi
Babylonian king who codified the laws of Sumer and Mesopotamia (died 1750 BC)
Phoenicians
maritime people, located on eastern Mediterranean coast; invented the alphabet which used sounds
hieroglyphics
An ancient Egyptian writing system in which pictures were used to represent ideas and sounds
Pharaoh
A king of ancient Egypt, considered a god as well as a political and military leader.
polytheism
Belief in many gods
monotheism
Belief in one God
Judaism
The first monotheistic religion - guided by the Hebrew Bible called the Torah.
Jerusalem
A city in the Holy Land, regarded as sacred by Christians, Muslims, and Jews.
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