Upgrade to remove ads
Unit 10 World History
Terms in this set (60)
Lightning warfare attack on Poland
Operation Sea Lion-
Germany's plan to invade Great Britain
Russian politician who led the Soviet Union during part of the Cold WarHe largely pursued a policy of peaceful coexistence with the West, he instigated the Cuban Missile Crisis by placing nuclear weapons 90 miles from Florida. At home, he initiated a process of "de-Stalinization" that made Soviet society less repressive. Yet Khrushchev could be authoritarian in his own right, crushing a revolt in Hungary and approving the construction of the Berlin Wall.
Premier of the Soviet Union
Supreme commander of Allied forces in Western Europe, led the invasion force known as Operation Overlord or D-day, on several beaches in France.D-Day general during WWII; President after Truman; worked in Africa; 34th PresidentDuring his presidency, Eisenhower managed Cold War-era tensions with the Soviet Union under the looming threat of nuclear weapons, ended the war in Korea in 1953 and authorized a number of covert anti-communist operations by the CIA around the world.
Alabamian prosecutor of Dachau war trials American prosecutor from Birmingham, Alabama, at the Dachau Trials who set incredible legal precedents regarding how post-war criminals should be tried
Emperor of Japan.Japanese ruler during WWII who announced Japan's surrender to the Allied Forces Though Hirohito later portrayed himself as a virtually powerless constitutional monarch, many scholars have come to believe he played an active role in the war effort. After Japan's surrender in 1945, he became a figurehead with no political power.
Prime Minister of Cuba. Cuban leader during WWII, Regime was successful in reducing illiteracy, stamping out racism and improving public health care, but was widely criticized for stifling economic and political freedoms.
Prime Minister and Army General of Japan. Supported last-minute diplomatic efforts, he gave final approval to the attacks on the United States, Great Britain, and the Dutch East Indies in December 1941. Japan's early victories greatly strengthened his personal prestige and his assertion that there were times when statesmen had to "have faith in Victory."
He was president after Roosevelt. Made the decision to drop atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan. Helped rebuild postwar Europe, worked to contain communism and led the United States into the Korean War
Mao Tse Tung-
A founder of the Chinese Communist Party He commanded troops in the Chinese Civil War Proclaimed the People's Republic of China in 1949.Mao was a Chinese communist leader and founder of the People's Republic of China. He was responsible for the disastrous policies of the 'Great Leap Forward' and the 'Cultural Revolution'.
Ho Chi Minh-
President of Vietnam during ww2. President of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. Did something with Vietnam war. Inspired by the Bolshevik Revolution, he joined the Communist Party and traveled to the Soviet Union. He helped found the Indochinese Communist Party in 1930 and the League for the Independence of VietnamForces seized the northern Vietnamese city of Hanoi and declared a Democratic State of Vietnam (or North Vietnam) with Ho as president
An English political leader and author of the twentieth century; he became prime minister shortly after World War II began and served through the end of the war in Europe.
Italy, Fascism. Was the fascist prime minister of Italy. promised to fight alongside Adolf Hitler in any war against the democracies of the world.
British Prime Minister during ww2. Know for appeasement toward germany.He served as British prime minister from 1937 to 1940. He signed the Munich Agreement in 1938, relinquishing a region of Czechoslovakia to the Nazis.
Leader of Communist Soviet Union; Responsible for starting the Cold War. U. S. S. R.
Led U.S. during World War II. President of US during WWII. Died while in office
Was an American general who commanded the Southwest Pacific in World War II , Oversaw the successful Allied occupation of postwar Japan Led United Nations forces in the Korean War.American general who commanded the SW Pacific in WWII; He oversaw the successful Allied occupation of postwar Japan and led the UN forces in the Korean War
Winston Churchill appointed him commander of the British Eighth Army in North Africa where Monty forced Erwin Rommel to retreat after the Battle of El-Alamein.British field marshal: World War II commander of British 8th Army in Africa and Europe
Charles de Gaulle-
Was the dominant political leader and grand figurehead of France during and after World War II, He was a career soldier in the French Army who had been wounded and held prisoner during World War I.Leader of Free France and head of Provisional Government of the French Republic
National movement for the return of the Jewish people to their homeland and the resumption of Jewish sovereignty in the Land of Israel
Became chancellor of Germany January 30, 1933.Leader of Nazi Germany who controlled concentration camps
Popularly known as the Desert Fox, was a German field marshal of World War II.Popularly known as the Desert Fox, he was a German field marshal of World War II. He earned the respect of both his own troops and his enemies.
German invasion plan of U.S.S.R.
Code name for the Battle of Normandy (invasion of France), the Allied operation that launched the successful invasion of German-occupied western Europe during World War II
World War II's most famous airplane when it dropped the world's first atomic bomb on Hiroshima August 6, 1945. It was built in Omaha. The B-29 Superfortress bomber was the single most complicated and expensive airplane produced by the United States during World War II.
A major battle on the Eastern Front of World War II in which Nazi Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union; major battle of WWII in which Nazi Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city Stalingrad in the SW Soviet Union
The trials for Nazi war crimes and crimes against humanity held after World War II were held here
Battle of the Bulge-
The last major offensive of the war by Germany. an attempt to push the Allied front line west from northern France to northwestern Belgium
A major United States naval base in Hawaii that was attacked without warning by the Japanese air force on December 7, 1941, with great loss of American lives and ships.American military base bombed by Japanese on December 7, 1941
- Devastated by the second atomic bomb used in World War II (August 9, 1945).Location of 2nd atomic bomb the US dropped on Japan (Fat man)
Who became major world powers after WWII?
Soviet Union and U.S. US had East Berlin (Democratic)SOviet Union had West Berlin (communist)
A naval and air battle fought in World War II in which planes from American aircraft carriers blunted the Japanese naval threat in the Pacific Ocean after Pearl Harbor.World War II naval battle, fought almost entirely with aircraft, in which the United States destroyed Japan's first-line carrier strength and most of its best trained naval pilots. Together with the Battle of Guadalcanal, the Battle of Midway ended the threat of further Japanese invasion in the Pacific.
established by the Nazis prior to and during World War II for the confinement and persecution of prisonerscamps that the Nazi's sent the Jews to. Torture camps
How did the Truman Doctrine respond to communism?
Containment (Truman wanted to end communist expansion and that of the Soviet Union)
The term final solution means—
the Nazi policy of exterminating European Jews
The organization set up in 1945 to help solve conflicts between nations
The Munich Pact provided that Germany receive this?
portions of Czechoslovakia.
Why did Adolf Hitler want to invade the Soviet Union?
To beat Stalin before the USSR invaded Germany
Principles of dictatorships:
One party and one leader one program, you are not free to speak your mind, they emphasize war, they are controlled by the dictator, the dictator convinces them they are supreme to all countries. Absence of Individual Liberty, National glorification, glorification of war, totalitarian state, racialism
Germany, Italy, Japan
Relatively peaceful interlude from fall 1939 to spring of 1940
Nazi-Soviet Non Aggression Pact-
August 1939 agreement to divide Poland
British plan to evacuate allied troops stranded in France in June 1940
Germany's annexation of Austria
French puppet government from 1940 to 1944
The Blitz- -
Germany's air war in Great Britain; Battle of Britain
allowed Hitler to take the western part of Czechoslovakia.
A final threat before action
Giving concessions to keep the peace
The two nations that emerged as major world powers following World War II were ____________.
U.S. and Soviet Union
When the blockade of Berlin began, Iron Curtain, what was the only method available to get food and supplies into the city? By ____________.
Following World War II, Germany was divided into zones which ended up in a ____________.
communist East Germany and a democratic West Germany
The primary purpose of the Marshall Plan was to ____________.
aid the economic recovery of war-devastated Europe
Name the American prosecutor from Birmingham, Alabama, at the Dachau Trials who set incredible legal precedents regarding how post war criminals should be tried.
Which of the following leaders DID NOT attend the Potsdam Conference?
What foreign policy did the US institute to stop the spread of communism?
Where were the trials for Nazi war crimes and crimes against humanity held after World War II?
The organization set up in 1945 to help solve conflicts between nations was the ____________.
This Russian leader is most closely associated with the purges of his opponents, Five- Year Plans, and the beginning of the Cold War.
Agreement that gave Germany the Sudetenland (western portion of Czechoslovakia)
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Ap World Key Terms World War II
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Medical terminology vocab
Medical terminology wk 6
Medical terminology wk5
Medical Terminology Wk4